School World Order Endnotes (Citations/References)

Updated: Apr 21, 2020

Chapter 19

Endnotes – Chapter Nineteen

1 Antony C. Sutton, America’s Secret Establishment: An Introduction to the Order of Skull and Bones, Updated Reprint (Walterville, OR: Trine Day, 2002), 111.


2 David Ruenzel, “The World According to Gatto,” Education Week, March 1, 2001, https://www.edweek.org/tm/articles/2001/03/01/06gatto.h12.html


3 John Taylor Gatto, An Underground History of American Education: An Intimate Investigation into the Prison of Modern Schooling (New York: Oxford Village Press, 2006), 386.


4 Antony C. Sutton, America’s Secret Establishment: An Introduction to the Order of Skull and Bones, Updated Reprint (Walterville, OR: Trine Day, 2002), 111.


5 Ibid, 387.


6 Charlotte Thomson Iserbyt, “Charter School Trap (Part 1 of 2),” News With Views, February 22, 2011, http://www.newswithviews.com/iserbyt/iserbyt107.htm


7 Ibid.


8 Ibid, “Death Sentence for Private and Home Education, Courtesy of Supreme Court,”

News With Views, July 8, 2002, https://www.newswithviews.com/iserbyt/iserbyt1.htm


9 Ibid, “Wake Up Homeschoolers: They’re Coming for Your Children,” News With Views,

July 13, 2015, http://newswithviews.com/iserbyt/iserbyt139.htm


10 Ibid, “Charter School Trap (Part 1 of 2),” News With Views, February 22, 2011, http://www.newswithviews.com/iserbyt/iserbyt107.htm


11 Trisha Powell Crain, “Alabama Charter School Commission Adds New Charter, Expands Others,” Advance Local: Alabama Media Group, February 4, 2019, https://www.al.com/news/2019/02/alabama-charter-school-commission-adds-new-charter-expands-others.html


Ibid, “Three Alabama Charter Schools Win $1 Million Each in Federal Education Grants,” Advance Local: Alabama Media Group, October 9, 2018, https://www.al.com/news/2018/10/three_alabama_charter_schools.html


12 Sarah Peters, “Gadsden School Board Election to Take Place,” Gadsden Messenger, April 5, 2019, https://gadsdenmessenger.com/2019/04/05/gadsden-school-board-election-to-take-place/


13 State of Missouri, Department of Elementary and Secondary Education, St. Louis Charter Schools (Jefferson City, MO: DESE, 2016), https://dese.mo.gov/sites/default/files/qs-charter-stl-charterschools_14.pdf


14 Ryan Delaney, “State School Board Ends Decade-Long Oversight of St. Louis Schools,” St. Louis Public Radio, April 16, 2019, https://news.stlpublicradio.org/post/state-school-board-ends-decade-long-oversight-st-louis-schools#stream/0


15 Blythe Bernhard, “St. Louis Public Schools Expected to Return to Control of Elected

Board,” St. Louis Today: Post-Dispatch, April 5, 2019, https://www.stltoday.com/news/local/metro/st-louis-public-schools-expected-to-return-to-control-of/article_fdfb4fcb-8e73-50ab-9e7e-8e68340ca63e.html


16 Linh Tat, “Critics Fear Proposed Montclair Charter Will Upset District’s Choice Program,”

Politico, September 7, 2016, https://www.politico.com/states/new-jersey/story/2016/09/montclair-charter-school-foes-to-urge-state-education-officials-to-reject-application-105226


Network for Public Education, “Save Our School NJ Cautiously Looks Forward to a Post Chris Christie New Jersey,” NPE, December 18, 2017, https://networkforpubliceducation.org/save-school-nj-cautiously-looks-forward-post-chris-christie-new-jersey/


Winnie Hu, “Christie Says 23 Schools Get Charters,” New York Times, January 18, 2011, https://www.nytimes.com/2011/01/19/education/19christie.html


17 Erin Roll, “Montclair Parents Debate Appointed vs. Elected School Board,” Montclair Local News, April 4, 2019, https://www.montclairlocal.news/2019/04/04/montclair-appointed-elected-board-nj/


18 Paul Caine, “School Discontent Prompts Calls for an Elected School Board,” WTTW News, January 24, 2019, https://news.wttw.com/2019/01/24/school-discontent-prompts-calls-elected-school-board


19 Dan Petrella, “Illinois House Approves Bill Creating Elected Chicago School Board — An

Idea Mayor-Elect Lori Lightfoot Supports,” Chicago Tribune, April 4, 2019, https://www.chicagotribune.com/news/local/politics/ct-met-illinois-house-elected-chicago-school-board-20190404-story.html


Pranathi Posa, “What Does an Elected School Board Mean for Chicago?,” Chicago Maroon, April 29, 2019, https://www.chicagomaroon.com/article/2019/4/30/state-bill-elected-chicago-school-board-could-soon/


State of Illinois, General Assembly, House of Representatives, House Bill (HB) 2267,

101st Illinois General Assembly, April 4, 2019, http://ilga.gov/legislation/billstatus.asp?DocNum=2267&GAID=15&GA=101&DocTypeID=HB&LegID=118102&SessionID=108


20 Elaine Chen, “Mayor Appoints Booth Professor to Chicago’s School Board,” The Chicago Maroon, December 19, 2018, December 19, 2018, https://www.chicagomaroon.com/article/2018/12/20/mayor-appoints-booth-professor-chicagos-school-boa/


21 Charlotte Thomson Iserbyt, “Back to Basics Reform: Or . . . OBE Skinnerian International

Curriculum?” (Barbara Morris Report, 1985), 34.


22 Ibid, “Wake Up Homeschoolers: They’re Coming for Your Children,” News With Views,

July 13, 2015, http://newswithviews.com/iserbyt/iserbyt139.htm


23 Willard W. Garvey, “Letter to President Reagan,” April 6, 1984, quote in Charlotte Thomson Iserbyt, “Wake Up Homeschoolers: They’re Coming for Your Children,” News With Views, July 13, 2015, http://newswithviews.com/iserbyt/iserbyt139.htm


24 Landon E. Beyer and Michael W. Apple, The Curriculum: Problems, Politics, and Possibilities (Albany, NY: State University of New York Press, 1988).


25 Douglas D. Noble, “Education, Technology, and Military,” The Curriculum: Problems, Politics, and Possibilities, eds. Landon E. Beyer and Michael W. Apple (Albany, NY: State University of New York Press, 1988), 245-246.


26 Ibid, 246-245.


27 Liz Tausner, “Teachers Hear from Alfie Kohn, ‘Case Against Grades,’” Dwight-Englewood

School News Detail, September 12, 2012, https://www.d-e.org/news-detail?pk=635200


28 Alfie Kohn, Punished by Rewards: The Trouble with Gold Stars, Incentive Plans, A’s, Praise, and Other Bribes (Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 2018), quoted in Valerie Strauss, “Why Dangling Rewards in Front of Students and Teachers Is Counterproductive,” Washington Post, October 5, 2016, https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/answer-sheet/wp/2016/10/05/why-dangling-rewards-in-front-of-students-and-teachers-is-counterproductive/?utm_term=.d2d3f8f7babc


29 Ibid.

30 Ibid.


31 Kenneth Goodman, “The President’s Education Program: A Response,” Support for

Learning and Teaching of English 3 no. 2 (1978), quoted in Charlotte Thomson Iserbyt, “Back to Basics Reform: Or . . . OBE Skinnerian International Curriculum?” (Barbara Morris Report, 1985), 8.


32 Arizona Federation of Teachers Resolution, May 5, 1984, quoted in Charlotte Thomson

Iserbyt, “Back to Basics Reform: Or . . . OBE Skinnerian International Curriculum?” (Barbara Morris Report, 1985), 3.


33 Charlotte Thomson Iserbyt,”Back to Basics Reform: Or . . . OBE Skinnerian International

Curriculum?” (Barbara Morris Report, 1985), 4.


34 Lori Kay Baranek, “The Effect of Rewards and Motivation on Student Achievement,”

Grand Valley State University Masters Theses: Graduate Research and Creative Practice, no. 238 (Allendale, MI: Grand Valley State University, 1996), 21, https://scholarworks.gvsu.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1292&context=theses


35 Alfie Kohn, Punished by Rewards: The Trouble with Gold Stars, Incentive Plans, A’s, Praise, and Other Bribes (Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 2018), quoted in Valerie Strauss, “Why Dangling Rewards in Front of Students and Teachers Is Counterproductive,” Washington Post, October 5, 2016, https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/answer-sheet/wp/2016/10/05/why-dangling-rewards-in-front-of-students-and-teachers-is-counterproductive/?utm_term=.d2d3f8f7babc


36 Antony C. Sutton, America’s Secret Establishment: An Introduction to the Order of Skull and Bones, Updated Reprint (Walterville, OR: Trine Day, 2002), 111.


37 Lori Kay Baranek, “The Effect of Rewards and Motivation on Student Achievement,”

Grand Valley State University Masters Theses: Graduate Research and Creative Practice, no. 238 (Allendale, MI: Grand Valley State University, 1996), 21-22, https://scholarworks.gvsu.edu/cgi/view-content.cgi?article=1292&context=theses


38 Michel Foucault, Discipline and Punishment: The Birth of the Prison (New York: Vintage

Books, 1995).


Suzanne Gearhart, “Foucault’s Response to Freud: Sado-Masochism and the Aestheticization of Power,” Psychoanalysis: Theory and Practice, 29 no. 3 (1995): 389-403.


39 Jacques-Alain Miller and Richard Miller, “Jeremy Bentham’s Panoptic Device,” MIT Press,

41 (Summer, 1987): 3-29.


Michel Foucault, Discipline and Punishment: The Birth of the Prison (New York: Vintage Books, 1995).


Thomas McMullan, “What Does the Panopticon Mean in the Age of Digital Surveillance? The

Parallel Between Jeremy Bentham’s Panopticon and CCTV May Be Clear, but What Happens When You Step into the World of Data Capture?,” The Guardian: US Edition, July 23, 2015, https://www.theguardian.com/technology/2015/jul/23/panopticon-digital-surveillance-jeremy-bentham


University College London, “Who Was Jeremy Bentham? The Panopticon,” The Bentham Project, accessed May 23, 2019, https://www.ucl.ac.uk/bentham-project/who-was-jeremy-bentham/panopticon


40 Jacques-Alain Miller and Richard Miller, “Jeremy Bentham’s Panoptic Device,” MIT Press,

41 (Summer, 1987): 3-29.


Michel Foucault, Discipline and Punishment: The Birth of the Prison (New York: Vintage Books, 1995).


University College London, “Who Was Jeremy Bentham? The Panopticon,” The Bentham Project, accessed May 23, 2019, https://www.ucl.ac.uk/bentham-project/who-was-jeremy-bentham/panopticon


41 Meriem El-Khattabi, “Mining for Success: Have Student Data Privacy and Educational

Data-Mining Created a Legislative War Zone?,” Journal of Law Technology and Policy no. 2 (2017): 511-538.


42 Mario Trujillo, “Public Wants ‘Right to Be Forgotten’ Online,” The Hill, March 19, 2015,

https://thehill.com/policy/technology/236246-poll-public-wants-right-to-be-forgotten-online


Rebecca Heilweil, “How Close Is an American Right-to-Be-Forgotten?,” Forbes, March 4, 2018, https://www.forbes.com/sites/rebeccaheilweil1/2018/03/04/how-close-is-an-american-right-to-be-forgotten/#42cf6cdc626e


43 David Meyer, “The ‘Right to Be Forgotten,’ Globally? How Google Is Fighting to Limit the Scope of Europe’s Privacy Law,” Fortune, September 10, 2018, http://fortune.com/2018/09/10/google-eu-court-justice-right-to-be-forgotten/


European Union, General Data Protection Regulations, EU Regulation 2016/679, EU Parliament and Council, April 27, 2016, https://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/TXT/?qid=1532348683434&uri=CELEX:02016R0679-20160504


44 Consumer Watchdog, “Consumer Rights Group Consumer Watchdog Files Complaint

with FTC Over Google’s Privacy,” Consumer Watchdog: Expose. Confront. Change, July 7, 2016, https://www.consumerwatchdog.org/consumer-rights-group-consumer-watchdog-files-complaint-ftc-over-googleaeutms-privacy


45 Shaudee Dehghan, “How Does California’s Erasure Law Stack Up Against the EU’s Right

to Be Forgotten?,” The International Association of Privacy Professionals, April 17, 2018, https://iapp.org/news/a/how-does-californias-erasure-law-stack-up-against-the-eus-right-to-be-forgotten/


46 Joseph J. Lazzarotti, Jason C. Gavejian, and Maya Atrakchi, “State Law Developments in

Consumer Privacy,” National Law Review, March 15, 2019, https://www.natlawreview.com/article/state-law-developments-consumer-privacy


47 Jason C. Gavejian, Joseph J. Lazzarotti, Nathan W. Austin, and Mary T. Costigan, National Law Review, January 29, 2019, https://www.natlawreview.com/article/california-consumer-privacy-act-faqs-employers


48 Charlotte Thomson Iserbyt, “Back to Basics Reform: Or ... OBE Skinnerian International

Curriculum?” (Barbara Morris Report, 1985), 32.


49 United States, Department of Education, “Protection of Pupil Rights Amendment,” Law

& Guidance, February 17, 2005, https://www2.ed.gov/policy//gen/guid/fpco/ppra/index.html


50 Ibid.


51 C. S. Lewis, The Abolition of Man: Or Reflection on Education with Special Reference to the Teaching of English in the Upper Forms of Schools (New York: Macmillan, 1947).


52 Ibid, The Abolition of Man: Or Reflection on Education with Special Reference to the Teaching of English in the Upper Forms of Schools (New York: Macmillan, 1947).


53 Ibid, That Hideous Strength: A Modern Fairytale for Grownups (New York: Macmillan,

1946).


54 University of Oxford, “C. S. Lewis at Magdalene College,” Libraries and Archives: Treasure of the Month (Magdalene College, November 21, 2013), http://www.magd.ox.ac.uk/libraries-and-archives/treasure-of-the-month/news/c-s-lewis/


55 C. S. Lewis, The Abolition of Man: Or Reflection on Education with Special Reference to the Teaching of English in the Upper Forms of Schools (New York: Macmillan, 1947).


56 University of Cambridge, “CS Lewis: 50 Years after His Death a New Scholarship Will

Honour His Literary Career,” Research: News, November 8, 2013), https://www.cam.ac.uk/research/news/cs-lewis-50-years-after-his-death-a-new-scholarship-will-honour-his-literary-career


57 C. S. Lewis, The Discarded Image: An Introduction to Medieval and Renaissance Literature (Cambridge: University of Cambridge Press, 1964), 185-186.


58 Joe R. Christopher, “Dorothy Sayers and the Inklings,” Mythlore: A Journal of J. R. R. Tolkien, C. S. Lewis, Charles Williams, and Mythopoetic Literature 4 no. 1.13 (1976), Article 3.


59 Dorothy Sayers, “The Lost Tools of Learning,” Increasing Academic Achievement with the

Trivium of Classical Education: Its Historical Development, Decline in the Last Century, and Resurgence in Recent Decades, ed. Randall D. Hart (New York: iUniverse, 2006), 107.


60 Hamza Yusuf, “The Liberal Arts in an Illiberal Age: Freeing Thought from the Shackles of

Feeling and Desire,” Renovatio: The Journal of Zaytuna College December 19, 2018, https://renovatio.zaytuna.edu/article/the-liberal-arts-in-an-illiberal-age


John C. Scott, “The Mission of the University: Medieval to Postmodern Transformations,” Journal of higher Education 77 no. 1 (2006).


Miriam Joseph, The Trivium: The Liberal Arts of Logic, Grammar, and Rhetoric (Understanding the Nature and Function of Language) (Philadelphia: Paul Dry Books, 2002), 24-26, 43, 53, 75, 101-103, 143-145, 158, 188, 194, 215, 226-230, 237-238, 275.


Randall D. Hart, Increasing Academic Achievement with the Trivium of Classical Education: Its Historical Development, Decline in the Last Century, and Resurgence in Recent Decades (New York: iUniverse, 2006), 12-56.


Richard E. Rubenstein, Aristotle’s Children : How Christians, Muslims, and Jews Rediscovered Ancient Wisdom and Illuminated the Middle Ages (Orlando, FL: Harcourt, 2004).


61 “Authors: Hamza Yusuf,” Renovatio: The Journal of Zaytuna College, accessed May 17,

2019, https://renovatio.zaytuna.edu/authors/hamza-yusuf


Hamza Yusuf, “The Liberal Arts in an Illiberal Age: Freeing Thought from the Shackles of Feeling and Desire,” Renovatio: The Journal of Zaytuna College, December 19, 2018, https://renovatio.zaytuna.edu/article/the-liberal-arts-in-an-illiberal-age


62 Benjamin G. Kohl, “The Changing Concept of the ‘Studia Humanitatis’ in the Early Renaissance,” Renaissance Studies 6 no. 2 (1992): 185-209.


C. S. Lewis, The Discarded Image: An Introduction to Medieval and Renaissance Literature (Cambridge: University of Cambridge Press, 1964), 186.


G. Felicitas Munzel, “Kant on Moral Education, or ‘Enlightenment’ and the Liberal Arts,” The Review of Metaphysics 57 no. 1 (2003): 43-73.


Hamza Yusuf, “The Liberal Arts in an Illiberal Age: Freeing Thought from the Shackles of Feeling and Desire,” Renovatio: The Journal of Zaytuna College December 19, 2018, https://renovatio.zaytuna.edu/article/the-liberal-arts-in-an-illiberal-age


John C. Scott, “The Mission of the University: Medieval to Postmodern Transformations,” Journal of higher Education 77 no. 1 (2006).


Richard E. Rubenstein, Aristotle’s Children: How Christians, Muslims, and Jews Rediscovered Ancient Wisdom and Illuminated the Middle Ages (Orlando, FL: Harcourt, 2004).


63 Gavin P. Hendricks, “A Derridarean Critique of Logocentrism as Opposed to Textcentrism in John 1v1,” Koers 79 no. 1 (2014): http://www.scielo.org.za/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S2304-85572014000100010


Michael Harrison, “Logocentrism,” The Chicago School of Media Theory: Theorizing Media Since 2003, accessed May 23, 2019, https://lucian.uchicago.edu/blogs/mediatheory/keywords/logocentrism/


64 Aristotle, The Organon: Or Logical Treatises, trans. Octavius Freire Owen, vol. I (London:

Bohn’s Classical Library, 1853).


Ibid, vol. II (London: Bohn’s Classical Library, 1853).


Ibid, The Metaphysics, trans. John H. M’Mahon (London: George Bell and Sons, 1896).


Ibid, The Physics, trans. Philip H. Wicksteed and Francis M. Cornford, vol. I (New York: G. P. Putnam’s Sons, 1934).


Ibid, vol. II (New York: G. P. Putnam’s Sons, 1934).


Miriam Joseph, The Trivium: The Liberal Arts of Logic, Grammar, and Rhetoric (Understanding the Nature and Function of Language) (Philadelphia: Paul Dry Books, 2002), 24-26, 75, 275.


Paul Studtmann, “Aristotle’s Categories,” Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy, November 5,

2013, https://plato.stanford.edu/entries/aristotle-categories/


65 Hanne Andersen and Brian Hepburn, “Scientific Method,” Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy, November 13, 2015, https://plato.stanford.edu/entries/scientific-method/


66 Antony C. Sutton, America’s Secret Establishment: An Introduction to the Order of Skull and Bones, Updated Reprint (Walterville, OR: Trine Day, 2002), 111.


67 David Ruenzel, “The World According to Gatto,” Education Week, March 1, 2001, https://www.edweek.org/tm/articles/2001/03/01/06gatto.h12.html


68 John Taylor Gatto, An Underground History of American Education: An Intimate Investigation into the Prison of Modern Schooling (New York: Oxford Village Press, 2006), 387.


69 David Ruenzel, “The World According to Gatto,” Education Week, March 1, 2001, https://www.edweek.org/tm/articles/2001/03/01/06gatto.h12.html


70 John Taylor Gatto, An Underground History of American Education: An Intimate Investigation into the Prison of Modern Schooling (New York: Oxford Village Press, 2006), 387.


71 Ibid, 187.

72 Ibid, 188.

73 Ibid, 187.

74 Ibid, 308.

75 Ibid, 387.


76 C. S. Lewis, The Discarded Image: An Introduction to Medieval and Renaissance Literature (Cambridge: University of Cambridge Press, 1964), 185-186.


77 Ibid, 185-190.


78 Dorothy L. Sayers Society, “Sayer’s Biography: About Dorothy L. Sayers,” The Dorothy L.

Sayers Society: The Official Site of the Renowned English Crime Writer Dorothy L. Sayers, accessed May 18, 2019, https://www.sayers.org.uk/biography


79 Randall D. Hart, Increasing Academic Achievement with the Trivium of Classical Education: Its Historical Development, Decline in the Last Century, and Resurgence in Recent Decades (New York: iUniverse, 2006), 71-74.


80 Dorothy Sayers, “The Lost Tools of Learning,” Increasing Academic Achievement with the

Trivium of Classical Education: Its Historical Development, Decline in the Last Century, and Resurgence in Recent Decades, ed. Randall D. Hart (New York: iUniverse, 2006), 107.


81 Ibid, 107-108.


82 Miriam Joseph, The Trivium: The Liberal Arts of Logic, Grammar, and Rhetoric (Understanding the Nature and Function of Language) (Philadelphia: Paul Dry Books, 2002), 3.


83 Ibid.

84 Ibid.


85 Aristotle, Historia Animalium, trans. D’arcy Wentworth Thompson, eds. J. A. Smith and W.

D. Ross (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1910).


Editors of the Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, “Alcuin,” Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed., http://eds.a.ebscohost.com/ehost/detail/detail?vid=13&sid=faa463ef-ae-fa-44bb-9e84-c0f28bb47ce%40sessionmgr4010&bdata=JkF1dGhUeXBlPXNoaWImc2l0ZT1laG-9zdC1saXZl#AN=134480414&db=a9h


Editors of the Encyclopedia Britannica, “Divine Right of Kings: Political Doctrine,” March 22,

2017, https://www.britannica.com/topic/divine-right-of-kings


Ibid, “Government: Middle Ages,” Encyclopedia Britannica, accessed May 18, 2019, https://

www.britannica.com/topic/government/The-Middle-Ages


Evina Steinova, “Psalmos, Notas, Cantus: On the Meanings of Nota in the Carolingian Period,” Speculum 90 no 2 (2015): 424-457.


Jack Richard Censer and Lynn Hunt, Liberty, Equality, Fraternity: Exploring the French Revolution (University Park, PA: Pennsylvania State University Press, 2001).


John Agnew, “Deus Vult: The Geopolitics of the Catholic Church,” Geopolitics 15 no. 1 (2010): 39-61, https://www.geog.ucla.edu/sites/default/files/users/jagnew/391.pdf


Paul W. Fox, “Louis XIV and the Theories of Absolutism and Divine Right,” The Canadian Journal of Economics and Political Science 26 no. 1 (1960): 128-142.


Plato, The Republic, trans. B. Jowett (New York: Modern Library, 1941).


86 David A. Thomas, “John Wycliff: Morningstar of the Reformation,” Journal of the Tennessee Speech Communication Association 4 no. 1 (1978): 12-15.


Joseph P. Tomain, “Introduction to Law in Literature and Philosophy,” University of Cincinnati

College of Law Faculty Scholarship and Publications 330 (2016): 14, https://scholarship.law.uc.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1331&context=fac_pubs


87 David A. Thomas, “John Wycliff: Morningstar of the Reformation,” Journal of the Tennessee Speech Communication Association 4 no. 1 (1978): 12-15.


Diana Schaub, “Montesquieu’s Popular Science,” The New Atlantis: A Journal of Technology and Society no. 20 (2008): 37-46, https://www.thenewatlantis.com/publications/montesquieus-popular-science


Editors of the Encyclopedia Britannica, “Divine Right of Kings: Political Doctrine,” March 22,

2017, https://www.britannica.com/topic/divine-right-of-kings


Edward J. Woell, “The Public Sphere of Past and Present, and the Place of the Liberal Arts,” Western Illinois University Lecture Archive, September 1, 2016, http://www.wiu.edu/news/lecture_archive/liberalArts16.php


Joseph P. Tomain, “Introduction to Law in Literature and Philosophy,” University of Cincinnati

College of Law Faculty Scholarship and Publications 330 (2016): 14, https://scholarship.law.uc.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1331&context=fac_pubs