• John jakE Klyczek

School World Order Endnotes (Citations/References)

Updated: Apr 21

Chapter 19

Endnotes – Chapter Nineteen

1 Antony C. Sutton, America’s Secret Establishment: An Introduction to the Order of Skull and Bones, Updated Reprint (Walterville, OR: Trine Day, 2002), 111.


2 David Ruenzel, “The World According to Gatto,” Education Week, March 1, 2001, https://www.edweek.org/tm/articles/2001/03/01/06gatto.h12.html


3 John Taylor Gatto, An Underground History of American Education: An Intimate Investigation into the Prison of Modern Schooling (New York: Oxford Village Press, 2006), 386.


4 Antony C. Sutton, America’s Secret Establishment: An Introduction to the Order of Skull and Bones, Updated Reprint (Walterville, OR: Trine Day, 2002), 111.


5 Ibid, 387.


6 Charlotte Thomson Iserbyt, “Charter School Trap (Part 1 of 2),” News With Views, February 22, 2011, http://www.newswithviews.com/iserbyt/iserbyt107.htm


7 Ibid.


8 Ibid, “Death Sentence for Private and Home Education, Courtesy of Supreme Court,”

News With Views, July 8, 2002, https://www.newswithviews.com/iserbyt/iserbyt1.htm


9 Ibid, “Wake Up Homeschoolers: They’re Coming for Your Children,” News With Views,

July 13, 2015, http://newswithviews.com/iserbyt/iserbyt139.htm


10 Ibid, “Charter School Trap (Part 1 of 2),” News With Views, February 22, 2011, http://www.newswithviews.com/iserbyt/iserbyt107.htm


11 Trisha Powell Crain, “Alabama Charter School Commission Adds New Charter, Expands Others,” Advance Local: Alabama Media Group, February 4, 2019, https://www.al.com/news/2019/02/alabama-charter-school-commission-adds-new-charter-expands-others.html


Ibid, “Three Alabama Charter Schools Win $1 Million Each in Federal Education Grants,” Advance Local: Alabama Media Group, October 9, 2018, https://www.al.com/news/2018/10/three_alabama_charter_schools.html


12 Sarah Peters, “Gadsden School Board Election to Take Place,” Gadsden Messenger, April 5, 2019, https://gadsdenmessenger.com/2019/04/05/gadsden-school-board-election-to-take-place/


13 State of Missouri, Department of Elementary and Secondary Education, St. Louis Charter Schools (Jefferson City, MO: DESE, 2016), https://dese.mo.gov/sites/default/files/qs-charter-stl-charterschools_14.pdf


14 Ryan Delaney, “State School Board Ends Decade-Long Oversight of St. Louis Schools,” St. Louis Public Radio, April 16, 2019, https://news.stlpublicradio.org/post/state-school-board-ends-decade-long-oversight-st-louis-schools#stream/0


15 Blythe Bernhard, “St. Louis Public Schools Expected to Return to Control of Elected

Board,” St. Louis Today: Post-Dispatch, April 5, 2019, https://www.stltoday.com/news/local/metro/st-louis-public-schools-expected-to-return-to-control-of/article_fdfb4fcb-8e73-50ab-9e7e-8e68340ca63e.html


16 Linh Tat, “Critics Fear Proposed Montclair Charter Will Upset District’s Choice Program,”

Politico, September 7, 2016, https://www.politico.com/states/new-jersey/story/2016/09/montclair-charter-school-foes-to-urge-state-education-officials-to-reject-application-105226


Network for Public Education, “Save Our School NJ Cautiously Looks Forward to a Post Chris Christie New Jersey,” NPE, December 18, 2017, https://networkforpubliceducation.org/save-school-nj-cautiously-looks-forward-post-chris-christie-new-jersey/


Winnie Hu, “Christie Says 23 Schools Get Charters,” New York Times, January 18, 2011, https://www.nytimes.com/2011/01/19/education/19christie.html


17 Erin Roll, “Montclair Parents Debate Appointed vs. Elected School Board,” Montclair Local News, April 4, 2019, https://www.montclairlocal.news/2019/04/04/montclair-appointed-elected-board-nj/


18 Paul Caine, “School Discontent Prompts Calls for an Elected School Board,” WTTW News, January 24, 2019, https://news.wttw.com/2019/01/24/school-discontent-prompts-calls-elected-school-board


19 Dan Petrella, “Illinois House Approves Bill Creating Elected Chicago School Board — An

Idea Mayor-Elect Lori Lightfoot Supports,” Chicago Tribune, April 4, 2019, https://www.chicagotribune.com/news/local/politics/ct-met-illinois-house-elected-chicago-school-board-20190404-story.html


Pranathi Posa, “What Does an Elected School Board Mean for Chicago?,” Chicago Maroon, April 29, 2019, https://www.chicagomaroon.com/article/2019/4/30/state-bill-elected-chicago-school-board-could-soon/


State of Illinois, General Assembly, House of Representatives, House Bill (HB) 2267,

101st Illinois General Assembly, April 4, 2019, http://ilga.gov/legislation/billstatus.asp?DocNum=2267&GAID=15&GA=101&DocTypeID=HB&LegID=118102&SessionID=108


20 Elaine Chen, “Mayor Appoints Booth Professor to Chicago’s School Board,” The Chicago Maroon, December 19, 2018, December 19, 2018, https://www.chicagomaroon.com/article/2018/12/20/mayor-appoints-booth-professor-chicagos-school-boa/


21 Charlotte Thomson Iserbyt, “Back to Basics Reform: Or . . . OBE Skinnerian International

Curriculum?” (Barbara Morris Report, 1985), 34.


22 Ibid, “Wake Up Homeschoolers: They’re Coming for Your Children,” News With Views,

July 13, 2015, http://newswithviews.com/iserbyt/iserbyt139.htm


23 Willard W. Garvey, “Letter to President Reagan,” April 6, 1984, quote in Charlotte Thomson Iserbyt, “Wake Up Homeschoolers: They’re Coming for Your Children,” News With Views, July 13, 2015, http://newswithviews.com/iserbyt/iserbyt139.htm


24 Landon E. Beyer and Michael W. Apple, The Curriculum: Problems, Politics, and Possibilities (Albany, NY: State University of New York Press, 1988).


25 Douglas D. Noble, “Education, Technology, and Military,” The Curriculum: Problems, Politics, and Possibilities, eds. Landon E. Beyer and Michael W. Apple (Albany, NY: State University of New York Press, 1988), 245-246.


26 Ibid, 246-245.


27 Liz Tausner, “Teachers Hear from Alfie Kohn, ‘Case Against Grades,’” Dwight-Englewood

School News Detail, September 12, 2012, https://www.d-e.org/news-detail?pk=635200


28 Alfie Kohn, Punished by Rewards: The Trouble with Gold Stars, Incentive Plans, A’s, Praise, and Other Bribes (Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 2018), quoted in Valerie Strauss, “Why Dangling Rewards in Front of Students and Teachers Is Counterproductive,” Washington Post, October 5, 2016, https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/answer-sheet/wp/2016/10/05/why-dangling-rewards-in-front-of-students-and-teachers-is-counterproductive/?utm_term=.d2d3f8f7babc


29 Ibid.

30 Ibid.


31 Kenneth Goodman, “The President’s Education Program: A Response,” Support for

Learning and Teaching of English 3 no. 2 (1978), quoted in Charlotte Thomson Iserbyt, “Back to Basics Reform: Or . . . OBE Skinnerian International Curriculum?” (Barbara Morris Report, 1985), 8.


32 Arizona Federation of Teachers Resolution, May 5, 1984, quoted in Charlotte Thomson

Iserbyt, “Back to Basics Reform: Or . . . OBE Skinnerian International Curriculum?” (Barbara Morris Report, 1985), 3.


33 Charlotte Thomson Iserbyt,”Back to Basics Reform: Or . . . OBE Skinnerian International

Curriculum?” (Barbara Morris Report, 1985), 4.


34 Lori Kay Baranek, “The Effect of Rewards and Motivation on Student Achievement,”

Grand Valley State University Masters Theses: Graduate Research and Creative Practice, no. 238 (Allendale, MI: Grand Valley State University, 1996), 21, https://scholarworks.gvsu.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1292&context=theses


35 Alfie Kohn, Punished by Rewards: The Trouble with Gold Stars, Incentive Plans, A’s, Praise, and Other Bribes (Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 2018), quoted in Valerie Strauss, “Why Dangling Rewards in Front of Students and Teachers Is Counterproductive,” Washington Post, October 5, 2016, https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/answer-sheet/wp/2016/10/05/why-dangling-rewards-in-front-of-students-and-teachers-is-counterproductive/?utm_term=.d2d3f8f7babc


36 Antony C. Sutton, America’s Secret Establishment: An Introduction to the Order of Skull and Bones, Updated Reprint (Walterville, OR: Trine Day, 2002), 111.


37 Lori Kay Baranek, “The Effect of Rewards and Motivation on Student Achievement,”

Grand Valley State University Masters Theses: Graduate Research and Creative Practice, no. 238 (Allendale, MI: Grand Valley State University, 1996), 21-22, https://scholarworks.gvsu.edu/cgi/view-content.cgi?article=1292&context=theses


38 Michel Foucault, Discipline and Punishment: The Birth of the Prison (New York: Vintage

Books, 1995).


Suzanne Gearhart, “Foucault’s Response to Freud: Sado-Masochism and the Aestheticization of Power,” Psychoanalysis: Theory and Practice, 29 no. 3 (1995): 389-403.


39 Jacques-Alain Miller and Richard Miller, “Jeremy Bentham’s Panoptic Device,” MIT Press,

41 (Summer, 1987): 3-29.


Michel Foucault, Discipline and Punishment: The Birth of the Prison (New York: Vintage Books, 1995).


Thomas McMullan, “What Does the Panopticon Mean in the Age of Digital Surveillance? The

Parallel Between Jeremy Bentham’s Panopticon and CCTV May Be Clear, but What Happens When You Step into the World of Data Capture?,” The Guardian: US Edition, July 23, 2015, https://www.theguardian.com/technology/2015/jul/23/panopticon-digital-surveillance-jeremy-bentham


University College London, “Who Was Jeremy Bentham? The Panopticon,” The Bentham Project, accessed May 23, 2019, https://www.ucl.ac.uk/bentham-project/who-was-jeremy-bentham/panopticon


40 Jacques-Alain Miller and Richard Miller, “Jeremy Bentham’s Panoptic Device,” MIT Press,

41 (Summer, 1987): 3-29.


Michel Foucault, Discipline and Punishment: The Birth of the Prison (New York: Vintage Books, 1995).


University College London, “Who Was Jeremy Bentham? The Panopticon,” The Bentham Project, accessed May 23, 2019, https://www.ucl.ac.uk/bentham-project/who-was-jeremy-bentham/panopticon


41 Meriem El-Khattabi, “Mining for Success: Have Student Data Privacy and Educational

Data-Mining Created a Legislative War Zone?,” Journal of Law Technology and Policy no. 2 (2017): 511-538.


42 Mario Trujillo, “Public Wants ‘Right to Be Forgotten’ Online,” The Hill, March 19, 2015,

https://thehill.com/policy/technology/236246-poll-public-wants-right-to-be-forgotten-online


Rebecca Heilweil, “How Close Is an American Right-to-Be-Forgotten?,” Forbes, March 4, 2018, https://www.forbes.com/sites/rebeccaheilweil1/2018/03/04/how-close-is-an-american-right-to-be-forgotten/#42cf6cdc626e


43 David Meyer, “The ‘Right to Be Forgotten,’ Globally? How Google Is Fighting to Limit the Scope of Europe’s Privacy Law,” Fortune, September 10, 2018, http://fortune.com/2018/09/10/google-eu-court-justice-right-to-be-forgotten/


European Union, General Data Protection Regulations, EU Regulation 2016/679, EU Parliament and Council, April 27, 2016, https://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/TXT/?qid=1532348683434&uri=CELEX:02016R0679-20160504


44 Consumer Watchdog, “Consumer Rights Group Consumer Watchdog Files Complaint

with FTC Over Google’s Privacy,” Consumer Watchdog: Expose. Confront. Change, July 7, 2016, https://www.consumerwatchdog.org/consumer-rights-group-consumer-watchdog-files-complaint-ftc-over-googleaeutms-privacy


45 Shaudee Dehghan, “How Does California’s Erasure Law Stack Up Against the EU’s Right

to Be Forgotten?,” The International Association of Privacy Professionals, April 17, 2018, https://iapp.org/news/a/how-does-californias-erasure-law-stack-up-against-the-eus-right-to-be-forgotten/


46 Joseph J. Lazzarotti, Jason C. Gavejian, and Maya Atrakchi, “State Law Developments in

Consumer Privacy,” National Law Review, March 15, 2019, https://www.natlawreview.com/article/state-law-developments-consumer-privacy


47 Jason C. Gavejian, Joseph J. Lazzarotti, Nathan W. Austin, and Mary T. Costigan, National Law Review, January 29, 2019, https://www.natlawreview.com/article/california-consumer-privacy-act-faqs-employers


48 Charlotte Thomson Iserbyt, “Back to Basics Reform: Or ... OBE Skinnerian International

Curriculum?” (Barbara Morris Report, 1985), 32.


49 United States, Department of Education, “Protection of Pupil Rights Amendment,” Law

& Guidance, February 17, 2005, https://www2.ed.gov/policy//gen/guid/fpco/ppra/index.html


50 Ibid.


51 C. S. Lewis, The Abolition of Man: Or Reflection on Education with Special Reference to the Teaching of English in the Upper Forms of Schools (New York: Macmillan, 1947).


52 Ibid, The Abolition of Man: Or Reflection on Education with Special Reference to the Teaching of English in the Upper Forms of Schools (New York: Macmillan, 1947).


53 Ibid, That Hideous Strength: A Modern Fairytale for Grownups (New York: Macmillan,

1946).


54 University of Oxford, “C. S. Lewis at Magdalene College,” Libraries and Archives: Treasure of the Month (Magdalene College, November 21, 2013), http://www.magd.ox.ac.uk/libraries-and-archives/treasure-of-the-month/news/c-s-lewis/


55 C. S. Lewis, The Abolition of Man: Or Reflection on Education with Special Reference to the Teaching of English in the Upper Forms of Schools (New York: Macmillan, 1947).


56 University of Cambridge, “CS Lewis: 50 Years after His Death a New Scholarship Will

Honour His Literary Career,” Research: News, November 8, 2013), https://www.cam.ac.uk/research/news/cs-lewis-50-years-after-his-death-a-new-scholarship-will-honour-his-literary-career


57 C. S. Lewis, The Discarded Image: An Introduction to Medieval and Renaissance Literature (Cambridge: University of Cambridge Press, 1964), 185-186.


58 Joe R. Christopher, “Dorothy Sayers and the Inklings,” Mythlore: A Journal of J. R. R. Tolkien, C. S. Lewis, Charles Williams, and Mythopoetic Literature 4 no. 1.13 (1976), Article 3.


59 Dorothy Sayers, “The Lost Tools of Learning,” Increasing Academic Achievement with the

Trivium of Classical Education: Its Historical Development, Decline in the Last Century, and Resurgence in Recent Decades, ed. Randall D. Hart (New York: iUniverse, 2006), 107.


60 Hamza Yusuf, “The Liberal Arts in an Illiberal Age: Freeing Thought from the Shackles of

Feeling and Desire,” Renovatio: The Journal of Zaytuna College December 19, 2018, https://renovatio.zaytuna.edu/article/the-liberal-arts-in-an-illiberal-age


John C. Scott, “The Mission of the University: Medieval to Postmodern Transformations,” Journal of higher Education 77 no. 1 (2006).


Miriam Joseph, The Trivium: The Liberal Arts of Logic, Grammar, and Rhetoric (Understanding the Nature and Function of Language) (Philadelphia: Paul Dry Books, 2002), 24-26, 43, 53, 75, 101-103, 143-145, 158, 188, 194, 215, 226-230, 237-238, 275.


Randall D. Hart, Increasing Academic Achievement with the Trivium of Classical Education: Its Historical Development, Decline in the Last Century, and Resurgence in Recent Decades (New York: iUniverse, 2006), 12-56.


Richard E. Rubenstein, Aristotle’s Children : How Christians, Muslims, and Jews Rediscovered Ancient Wisdom and Illuminated the Middle Ages (Orlando, FL: Harcourt, 2004).


61 “Authors: Hamza Yusuf,” Renovatio: The Journal of Zaytuna College, accessed May 17,

2019, https://renovatio.zaytuna.edu/authors/hamza-yusuf


Hamza Yusuf, “The Liberal Arts in an Illiberal Age: Freeing Thought from the Shackles of Feeling and Desire,” Renovatio: The Journal of Zaytuna College, December 19, 2018, https://renovatio.zaytuna.edu/article/the-liberal-arts-in-an-illiberal-age


62 Benjamin G. Kohl, “The Changing Concept of the ‘Studia Humanitatis’ in the Early Renaissance,” Renaissance Studies 6 no. 2 (1992): 185-209.


C. S. Lewis, The Discarded Image: An Introduction to Medieval and Renaissance Literature (Cambridge: University of Cambridge Press, 1964), 186.


G. Felicitas Munzel, “Kant on Moral Education, or ‘Enlightenment’ and the Liberal Arts,” The Review of Metaphysics 57 no. 1 (2003): 43-73.


Hamza Yusuf, “The Liberal Arts in an Illiberal Age: Freeing Thought from the Shackles of Feeling and Desire,” Renovatio: The Journal of Zaytuna College December 19, 2018, https://renovatio.zaytuna.edu/article/the-liberal-arts-in-an-illiberal-age


John C. Scott, “The Mission of the University: Medieval to Postmodern Transformations,” Journal of higher Education 77 no. 1 (2006).


Richard E. Rubenstein, Aristotle’s Children: How Christians, Muslims, and Jews Rediscovered Ancient Wisdom and Illuminated the Middle Ages (Orlando, FL: Harcourt, 2004).


63 Gavin P. Hendricks, “A Derridarean Critique of Logocentrism as Opposed to Textcentrism in John 1v1,” Koers 79 no. 1 (2014): http://www.scielo.org.za/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S2304-85572014000100010


Michael Harrison, “Logocentrism,” The Chicago School of Media Theory: Theorizing Media Since 2003, accessed May 23, 2019, https://lucian.uchicago.edu/blogs/mediatheory/keywords/logocentrism/


64 Aristotle, The Organon: Or Logical Treatises, trans. Octavius Freire Owen, vol. I (London:

Bohn’s Classical Library, 1853).


Ibid, vol. II (London: Bohn’s Classical Library, 1853).


Ibid, The Metaphysics, trans. John H. M’Mahon (London: George Bell and Sons, 1896).


Ibid, The Physics, trans. Philip H. Wicksteed and Francis M. Cornford, vol. I (New York: G. P. Putnam’s Sons, 1934).


Ibid, vol. II (New York: G. P. Putnam’s Sons, 1934).


Miriam Joseph, The Trivium: The Liberal Arts of Logic, Grammar, and Rhetoric (Understanding the Nature and Function of Language) (Philadelphia: Paul Dry Books, 2002), 24-26, 75, 275.


Paul Studtmann, “Aristotle’s Categories,” Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy, November 5,

2013, https://plato.stanford.edu/entries/aristotle-categories/


65 Hanne Andersen and Brian Hepburn, “Scientific Method,” Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy, November 13, 2015, https://plato.stanford.edu/entries/scientific-method/


66 Antony C. Sutton, America’s Secret Establishment: An Introduction to the Order of Skull and Bones, Updated Reprint (Walterville, OR: Trine Day, 2002), 111.


67 David Ruenzel, “The World According to Gatto,” Education Week, March 1, 2001, https://www.edweek.org/tm/articles/2001/03/01/06gatto.h12.html


68 John Taylor Gatto, An Underground History of American Education: An Intimate Investigation into the Prison of Modern Schooling (New York: Oxford Village Press, 2006), 387.


69 David Ruenzel, “The World According to Gatto,” Education Week, March 1, 2001, https://www.edweek.org/tm/articles/2001/03/01/06gatto.h12.html


70 John Taylor Gatto, An Underground History of American Education: An Intimate Investigation into the Prison of Modern Schooling (New York: Oxford Village Press, 2006), 387.


71 Ibid, 187.

72 Ibid, 188.

73 Ibid, 187.

74 Ibid, 308.

75 Ibid, 387.


76 C. S. Lewis, The Discarded Image: An Introduction to Medieval and Renaissance Literature (Cambridge: University of Cambridge Press, 1964), 185-186.


77 Ibid, 185-190.


78 Dorothy L. Sayers Society, “Sayer’s Biography: About Dorothy L. Sayers,” The Dorothy L.

Sayers Society: The Official Site of the Renowned English Crime Writer Dorothy L. Sayers, accessed May 18, 2019, https://www.sayers.org.uk/biography


79 Randall D. Hart, Increasing Academic Achievement with the Trivium of Classical Education: Its Historical Development, Decline in the Last Century, and Resurgence in Recent Decades (New York: iUniverse, 2006), 71-74.


80 Dorothy Sayers, “The Lost Tools of Learning,” Increasing Academic Achievement with the

Trivium of Classical Education: Its Historical Development, Decline in the Last Century, and Resurgence in Recent Decades, ed. Randall D. Hart (New York: iUniverse, 2006), 107.


81 Ibid, 107-108.


82 Miriam Joseph, The Trivium: The Liberal Arts of Logic, Grammar, and Rhetoric (Understanding the Nature and Function of Language) (Philadelphia: Paul Dry Books, 2002), 3.


83 Ibid.

84 Ibid.


85 Aristotle, Historia Animalium, trans. D’arcy Wentworth Thompson, eds. J. A. Smith and W.

D. Ross (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1910).


Editors of the Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, “Alcuin,” Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed., http://eds.a.ebscohost.com/ehost/detail/detail?vid=13&sid=faa463ef-ae-fa-44bb-9e84-c0f28bb47ce%40sessionmgr4010&bdata=JkF1dGhUeXBlPXNoaWImc2l0ZT1laG-9zdC1saXZl#AN=134480414&db=a9h


Editors of the Encyclopedia Britannica, “Divine Right of Kings: Political Doctrine,” March 22,

2017, https://www.britannica.com/topic/divine-right-of-kings


Ibid, “Government: Middle Ages,” Encyclopedia Britannica, accessed May 18, 2019, https://

www.britannica.com/topic/government/The-Middle-Ages


Evina Steinova, “Psalmos, Notas, Cantus: On the Meanings of Nota in the Carolingian Period,” Speculum 90 no 2 (2015): 424-457.


Jack Richard Censer and Lynn Hunt, Liberty, Equality, Fraternity: Exploring the French Revolution (University Park, PA: Pennsylvania State University Press, 2001).


John Agnew, “Deus Vult: The Geopolitics of the Catholic Church,” Geopolitics 15 no. 1 (2010): 39-61, https://www.geog.ucla.edu/sites/default/files/users/jagnew/391.pdf


Paul W. Fox, “Louis XIV and the Theories of Absolutism and Divine Right,” The Canadian Journal of Economics and Political Science 26 no. 1 (1960): 128-142.


Plato, The Republic, trans. B. Jowett (New York: Modern Library, 1941).


86 David A. Thomas, “John Wycliff: Morningstar of the Reformation,” Journal of the Tennessee Speech Communication Association 4 no. 1 (1978): 12-15.


Joseph P. Tomain, “Introduction to Law in Literature and Philosophy,” University of Cincinnati

College of Law Faculty Scholarship and Publications 330 (2016): 14, https://scholarship.law.uc.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1331&context=fac_pubs


87 David A. Thomas, “John Wycliff: Morningstar of the Reformation,” Journal of the Tennessee Speech Communication Association 4 no. 1 (1978): 12-15.


Diana Schaub, “Montesquieu’s Popular Science,” The New Atlantis: A Journal of Technology and Society no. 20 (2008): 37-46, https://www.thenewatlantis.com/publications/montesquieus-popular-science


Editors of the Encyclopedia Britannica, “Divine Right of Kings: Political Doctrine,” March 22,

2017, https://www.britannica.com/topic/divine-right-of-kings


Edward J. Woell, “The Public Sphere of Past and Present, and the Place of the Liberal Arts,” Western Illinois University Lecture Archive, September 1, 2016, http://www.wiu.edu/news/lecture_archive/liberalArts16.php


Joseph P. Tomain, “Introduction to Law in Literature and Philosophy,” University of Cincinnati

College of Law Faculty Scholarship and Publications 330 (2016): 14, https://scholarship.law.uc.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1331&context=fac_pubs


Joseph Wilhelm, “Jan Hus,” Catholic Encyclopedia vol. 7 (New York: Robert Appleton Company, 1910), http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/07584b.htm


Michael Lind, “Why the Liberal Arts Still Matter,” Wilson Quarterly (Autumn 2006), http://archive.wilsonquarterly.com/essays/why-liberal-arts-still-matter


Opinion/Letters, “Praise for the Real Liberal Arts, If You Can Find Them: Very Few Modern Liberal-Arts Programs Resemble the Education Thomas Jefferson Received—One Grounded in the Great Books of the Western World,” Wall Street Journal, April 2, 2015, https://www.wsj.com/articles/praise-for-the-real-liberal-arts-if-you-can-find-them-letters-to-the-editor-1428008843


Steven C. Bahls, “Liberal Arts Education and Courageous Servant Leadership,” President’s Office of Augustana College: Speeches and Statements (2003), https://digitalcommons.augustana.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?referer=https://www.google.com/&httpsredir=1&article=1001&context=presidentsstatements


88 Andrew Fleming West, “The Seven Liberal Arts,” Alcuin and the Rise of the Christian

Schools, ed. Christopher A. Perrin (Classical Academic Press, 2010), http://classicalsubjects.com/resources/TheSevenLiberalArts.pdf


Editors of the Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, “Alcuin,” Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed., http://eds.a.ebscohost.com/ehost/detail/detail?vid=13&sid=faa463ef-ae-fa-44bb-9e84-bc0f28bb47ce%40sessionmgr4010&bdata=JkF1dGhUeXBlPXNoaWImc2l0ZT1laG9zdC1saXZl#AN=134480414&db=a9h


Michael Lind, “Why the Liberal Arts Still Matter,” Wilson Quarterly (Autumn 2006), http://archive.wilsonquarterly.com/essays/why-liberal-arts-still-matter


James R. Muir, “Overestimating Plato and Underestimating Isocrates: The Example of Thomas Jefferson,” Journal of Thought 49 no. 3 & 4 (2015): http://journalofthought.com/wp-content/uploads/2016/02/06muir.pdf


Randall D. Hart, Increasing Academic Achievement with the Trivium of Classical Education: Its Historical Development, Decline in the Last Century, and Resurgence in Recent Decades (New York: iUniverse, 2006), 21-31.


Takeshi Sasaki, “Plato and Politeia in Twentieth-Century Politics,” Platonic Studies 9 (2012):

https://journals.openedition.org/etudesplatoniciennes/281


W. H. Cowley, “The Seven Liberal Arts Hoax,” Improving College and University Teaching 26 no. 1 (1978): 97-99.


89 Claire Fallon, “When Booting Dead White Guys Off Reading Lists Is A Good Idea,” Huffington Post, October 27, 2017, https://www.huffpost.com/entry/when-booting-dead-white-guys-off-reading-lists-is-a-good-idea_n_59f29887e4b03cd20b80a874


Devon Black, “Reconstructing the Canon,” Harvard Political Review, April 25, 2018, https://harvardpolitics.com/culture/thecanon/


Patricia Hagen, “Review: ‘Dead White Guys,’ by Matt Burriesc; in Defense of the Western Canon,” Star Tribune, July 28, 2015, http://www.startribune.com/review-dead-white-guys-by-matt-burries-ci-in-defense-of-the-western-canon/318906491/


90 Miriam Joseph, The Trivium: The Liberal Arts of Logic, Grammar, and Rhetoric (Understanding the Nature and Function of Language) (Philadelphia: Paul Dry Books, 2002), 45.


91 Ibid, 47.


92 Dorothy Sayers, “The Lost Tools of Learning,” Increasing Academic Achievement with the

Trivium of Classical Education: Its Historical Development, Decline in the Last Century, and Resurgence in Recent Decades, ed. Randall D. Hart (New York: iUniverse, 2006), 113-114.


93 C. S. Lewis, The Discarded Image: An Introduction to Medieval and Renaissance Literature (Cambridge: University of Cambridge Press, 1964), 186.


94 Ibid, 185-186.


95 John Taylor Gatto, An Underground History of American Education: An Intimate Investigation into the Prison of Modern Schooling (New York: Oxford Village Press, 2006), 11-12.


96 Antony C. Sutton, America’s Secret Establishment: An Introduction to the Order of Skull and Bones, Updated Reprint (Walterville, OR: Trine Day, 2002), 71-76, 83, 107-109.


97 Ibid, 71-76, 107-109.

98 Ibid, 71-76, 83, 107-109.

99 Ibid.


John Taylor Gatto, An Underground History of American Education: An Intimate Investigation into the Prison of Modern Schooling (New York: Oxford Village Press, 2006), 61-74.


100 George Orwell, “Politics and the English Language,” 75 Arguments: An Anthology, ed.

Alan Ainsworth (Boston: McGraw Hill, 2008).


Patrick Groff, “The New Anti-Phonics,” Elementary School Journal 77 no. 4 (1977): 323-332.


Robert Emans, “History of Phonics,” Elementary English 45 no. 5 (1968): 602-608.


101 Bernard Crick, George Orwell: A Life (Boston: Little, Brown, 1980).


102 George Orwell, “Politics and the English Language,” 75 Arguments: An Anthology, ed.

Alan Ainsworth (Boston: McGraw Hill, 2008), 11.


103 Ibid, 21.


104 Ibid, 1984 (London: Signet Classics, 1949).


105 Ibid, 7.

106 Ibid, 246-247.


107 Sonia Campos-Rivera and David Rattray, “Start Early and Finish Strong,” National Civic

Review 100 no. 4 (2011): 52.


108 Louis G. Denti and Gilbert Guerin, “Dropout Prevention: A Case for Enhanced Early Literacy Efforts,” Clearing House: A Journal of Educational Strategies 72 no. 4 (1999): 232.


109 George Orwell, 1984 (London: Signet Classics, 1949), 246.


110 Ibid, “Politics and the English Language,” 75 Arguments: An Anthology, ed. Alan Ainsworth (Boston: McGraw Hill, 2008), 21.


111 Dorothy Sayers, “The Lost Tools of Learning,” Increasing Academic Achievement with the Trivium of Classical Education: Its Historical Development, Decline in the Last Century, and Resurgence in Recent Decades, ed. Randall D. Hart (New York: iUniverse, 2006), 115.


112 Ibid.


113 Editors of Encyclopaedia Britannica, “Laws of Thought: Logic,” Encyclopaedia Britannica, April 8, 2019, https://www.britannica.com/topic/laws-of-thought


Miriam Joseph, The Trivium: The Liberal Arts of Logic, Grammar, and Rhetoric (Understanding the Nature and Function of Language) (Philadelphia: Paul Dry Books, 2002), 71-89, 109-129.


114 Ibid, 121.


José Veríssimo Teixeira da Mata, “Epicurus, Vasiliev and Aristotle on the Law of the Excluded Third,” Studies in Epistemology, Logic, Methodology, and Philosophy of Science 387 (2017): 79-82.


Thomas L. Saaty, “The Three Laws of Thought, Plus One: The Law of Comparisons,” Axioms 3 (2014): 46-49.


115 Miriam Joseph, The Trivium: The Liberal Arts of Logic, Grammar, and Rhetoric (Understanding the Nature and Function of Language) (Philadelphia: Paul Dry Books, 2002), 109-186.


116 Ibid, 9.

117 Ibid, 209-265.

118 Ibid, 187-202, 204-205

119 Ibid, 202-204.

120 Ibid, 203-205.


121 Dorothy Sayers, “The Lost Tools of Learning,” Increasing Academic Achievement with the Trivium of Classical Education: Its Historical Development, Decline in the Last Century, and Resurgence in Recent Decades, ed. Randall D. Hart (New York: iUniverse, 2006), 110.


122 British Broadcasting Corporation, “George Orwell at the BBC: The Writer of ‘Nineteen

Eighty-Four’ Holds True to His Ideals,” BBC Archives, accessed May 20, 2019, http://www.bbc.co.uk/archive/orwell/


C. Fleay and M. L. Sanders, “Looking into the Abyss: George Orwell at the BBC,” Journal of Contemporary History 24 no. 3 (1989): 503-518.


George Orwell, “Memo from Orwell to the Eastern Service Director,” BBC Archives, October 15, 1942, http://www.bbc.co.uk/archive/orwell/7422.shtml


Mark Lawson, “George Orwell and the BBC,” BBC, January 24, 2013, https://www.bbc.co.uk/blogs/aboutthebbc/entries/d3a46264-89b5-3198-8143-5158da7ff20b


Telegraph Reporters, “Andrew Marr: George Orwell Would Have ‘Sneered and Spat’ on His Statue Unveiled by BBC,” Telegraph, November 7, 2017, https://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/2017/11/07/andrew-marr-george-orwell-would-have-sneered-spat-statue-unveiled/


123 George Orwell, “Politics and the English Language,” 75 Arguments: An Anthology, ed.

Alan Ainsworth (Boston: McGraw Hill, 2008), 20.


124 Dorothy Sayers, “The Lost Tools of Learning,” Increasing Academic Achievement with the Trivium of Classical Education: Its Historical Development, Decline in the Last Century, and Resurgence in Recent Decades, ed. Randall D. Hart (New York: iUniverse, 2006), 113.


125 Ibid, 116.

126 Ibid.

127 Ibid.

128 Ibid.


129 American Historical Association, Conclusions and Recommendations for the Social Studies (New York: Charles Scribner’s Sons, 1934) quoted in Charlotte Thomson Iserbyt, The Deliberate Dumbing Down of America: A Chronological Paper Trail (Parkman, OH: Conscience Press, 1999), 24.


130 Ibid.

131 Ibid.


132 Randall D. Hart, Increasing Academic Achievement with the Trivium of Classical Education: Its Historical Development, Decline in the Last Century, and Resurgence in Recent Decades (New York: iUniverse, 2006), 81-82.


133 Ibid, 82.

134 Ibid.


135 Eastern University, “Stephen R. Turley, Ph.D.,” College of Arts and Sciences: Music De-

partment, accessed May 20, 2019, https://www.eastern.edu/stephen-turley


Stephen R. Turley, Classical vs. Modern Education: A Vision from C. S. Lewis (USA: Turley Talks, 2016), 37.


136 Ibid, 27.


137 “Authors: Hamza Yusuf,” Renovatio: The Journal of Zaytuna College, accessed May 17,

2019, https://renovatio.zaytuna.edu/authors/hamza-yusuf


138 Hamza Yusuf, “The Liberal Arts in an Illiberal Age: Freeing Thought from the Shackles of

Feeling and Desire,” Renovatio: The Journal of Zaytuna College December 19, 2018, https://renovatio.zaytuna.edu/article/the-liberal-arts-in-an-illiberal-age


139 Stephen Dafoe, “Masonic Biographies: Albert Mackey,” accessed November 18, 2018,

The Masonic Dictionary, http://www.masonicdictionary.com/mackey.html


140 Albert G. Mackey, An Encyclopedia of Freemasonry and Its Kindred Societies Comprising the Whole Range of Arts, Sciences, and Literature as Connected with the Institution, eds. William J. Hughan and Edward L. Hawkins, New and Revised Ed. (New York: Masonic History Company, 1914).


141 Mortimer J. Adler, “Mortimer J. Adler Papers 1914-1995,” University of Chicago Special

Collections Research Center (University of Chicago Library), accessed May 20, 2019, https://www.lib.uchicago.edu/e/scrc/findingaids/view.php?eadid=ICU.SPCL.ADLERM


142 Ibid, The Paideia Proposal: An Educational Manifesto (New York: MacMillan, 1982).


143 Ibid, “Mortimer J. Adler Papers 1914-1995,” University of Chicago Special Collections

Research Center (University of Chicago Library), accessed May 20, 2019, https://www.lib.uchicago.edu/e/scrc/findingaids/view.php?eadid=ICU.SPCL.ADLERM


144 Randall D. Hart, Increasing Academic Achievement with the Trivium of Classical Education: Its Historical Development, Decline in the Last Century, and Resurgence in Recent Decades (New York: iUniverse, 2006), 81-90.


William Grimes, “Mortimer Adler, 98, Dies; Helped Create Study of Classics,” New York Times, June 29, 2001, https://www.nytimes.com/2001/06/29/nyregion/mortimer-adler-98-dies-helped-create-study-of-classics.html


145 Edwin McDowell, “‘Great Books’ Takes in Moderns and Women,” New York Times, October 25, 1990, https://www.nytimes.com/1990/10/25/books/great-books-takes-in-moderns-and-women.html


Mortimer J. Adler, The Great Conversation: A Reader’s Guide to Great Books of the Western World (Chicago: Encyclopedia Britannica, 1994).


Ibid, The Great Ideas: A Syntopicon of Great Books of the Western World, vol. II (Chicago: Encyclopedia Britannica, 1955).


Ibid, vol. II (Chicago: Encyclopedia Britannica, 1955).


Ibid, “Philosophy Is Everybody’s Business,” Center for the Study of the Great Ideas: A Syntopical Approach to the Great Books and Practical Philosophy, accessed May 20, 2019, https://www.thegreatideas.org/greatideas1.html


Moyers & Company, “Six Great Ideas with Bill Moyers and Mortimer Adler,” Public Square Media, accessed May 20, 2019, https://billmoyers.com/series/six-great-ideas-bill-moyers-mortimer-adler/


146 Jan Irvin, interview by Tony Meyers, Tragedy and Hope: Independent Publishers of Free

Knowledge and Priceless Wisdom; Re-Contextualizing History, One Episode at a Time, November 30, 2011, https://tragedyandhope.com/th-films/logic-fallacies-and-the-trivium/


Logos Media, “Trivium Education: Trivium Study,” Logos Media: Formerly Gnostic Media, accessed May 20, 2019, https://logosmedia.com/triviumstudy


Tragedy and Hope Media, “Biography and Resume: Richard Grove,” Tragedy and Hope: Independent Publishers of Free Knowledge and Priceless Wisdom; Re-Contextualizing History, One Episode at a Time, https://tragedyandhope.com/contact/biography-and-resume/


Ibid, “Trivium: Resources for the Trivium Method of Critical Thinking and Creative Problem Solving, useful to the Peace Revolution curriculum,” Tragedy and Hope: Independent Publishers of Free Knowledge and Priceless Wisdom; Re-Contextualizing History, One Episode at a Time, accessed May 20, 2019, https://tragedyandhope.com/trivium/


147 Great Hearts Academies, “Core Purpose and Values: To Cultivate the Minds and Hearts

of Students through the Pursuit of Truth, Goodness, and Beauty,” accessed April 25, 2019, https://www.greatheartsamerica.org/great-hearts-core-purpose/


148 Ibid, “Board of Directors,” accessed May 20, 2019, https://www.greatheartsamerica.org/people/board-of-directors/


149 Stephen R. Turley, Classical vs. Modern Education: A Vision from C. S. Lewis (USA: Turley Talks, 2016), 28.


150 Ibid, 29.

151 Ibid.


152 Immanuel Kant, Groundwork of the Metaphysic of Morals, trans. H. J. Paton (New York:

Harper & Row, 1948).


153 Aristotle, The Metaphysics, trans. John H. M’Mahon (London: George Bell and Sons,

1896).


Ibid, The Physics, trans. Philip H. Wicksteed and Francis M. Cornford, vol. I (New York: G. P. Putnam’s Sons, 1934).


Ibid, vol. II (New York: G. P. Putnam’s Sons, 1934).


Eric Entrican Wilson and Lara Denis, “Kant and Hume on Morality,” Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy, March 29, 2018, https://plato.stanford.edu/entries/kant-hume-morality/


David Hume, A Treatise of Human Nature: Being an Attempt to Introduce the Experimental Method of Reasoning into Moral Subjects, ed. L. A. Selby-Bigge (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1888).


Immanuel Kant, Prolegomena to Any Future Metaphysics, ed. Paul Carus, 3rd ed. (Chicago: Open Court Publishing, 1912).


154 David Noonan, “Meet the Two Scientists Who Implanted a False Memory into a Mouse:

In a Neuroscience Breakthrough, the Duo Pioneered a Real-Life Version of Inception,” Smithsonian Magazine, November 2014, https://www.smithsonianmag.com/innovation/meet-two-scientists-who-implanted-false-memory-mouse-180953045/


155 Jeff Blagdon, “Monkey Mentally Controls Robot 7,000 Miles Away,” The Verge, February

22, 2013, https://www.theverge.com/2013/2/22/4016570/monkey-mentally-controls-robot-7000-miles-away


156 Rachel Lerman, “Be Wary of Robot Emotions; ‘Simulated Love Is Never Love,’” Associated Press News, April 26, 2019, https://www.apnews.com/99c9ec8ebad242ca88178e22c7642648


157 Elsevier, “Discovery of Quantum Vibrations in ‘Microtubules’ inside Brain Neurons Supports Controversial Theory of Consciousness,” ScienceDaily, January 16, 2014, https://www.science-daily.com/releases/2014/01/140116085105.htm


Stuart Hameroff and Roger Penrose, “Consciousness in the Universe: A Review of the ‘Orch OR’ Theory,” Physics of Life Reviews 11 no. 1 (2014): 39-78.


158 Dirk K.F. Meijer and Hans J.H. Geesink, “Consciousness in the Universe Is Scale Invariant and Implies an Event Horizon of the Human Brain,” NeuroQuantology: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Neuroscience and Quantum Physics 15 no. 3 (2017): 41-79.


Harald Atmanspacher, “Quantum Approaches to Consciousness,” Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy, June 2, 2015, https://plato.stanford.edu/entries/qt-consciousness/


159 Yuval Noah Harari, Homo Deus: A Brief History of Tomorrow (London: Vintage, 2016), 125-126.


160 Ibid, 136.


161 Leonid I. Perlovsky, “Computational Complexity and the Origin of Universals,” Philosophy of Mind: Twentieth World Congress of Philosophy, August 1998, https://www.bu.edu/wcp/Papers/Mind/MindPerl.htm


162 Ray Kurzweil, The Singularity Is Near: When Humans Transcend Biology (New York: Viking, 2005), 326.


163 Immanuel Kant, Critique of Pure Reason, trans. Norman Kemp Smith (London: MacMil-

lan, 1929).


164 Ibid, Prolegomena to Any Future Metaphysics, ed. Paul Carus, 3rd ed. (Chicago: Open Court Publishing, 1912).


165 Andrew Brook, “Kant’s View of the Mind and Consciousness of Self,” Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy, January 22, 2013, https://plato.stanford.edu/entries/kant-mind/


Immanuel Kant, Critique of Pure Reason, trans. Norman Kemp Smith (London: MacMillan, 1929).


166 C. Stephen Evans, “Kant and Kierkegaard on the Possibility of Metaphysics,” Kant and

Kierkegaard on Religion, eds. D. Z. Phillips and T. Tessin (London: Palgrave Macmillan, 2000), 3-24.


167 Michael Wheeler, “Martin Heidegger,” Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy, October 12, 2011, https://plato.stanford.edu/entries/heidegger/


Paul Redding, “Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel,” Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy, August 4, 2015, https://plato.stanford.edu/entries/hegel/


168 Amita Chatterjee, “Naturalism in Classical Indian Philosophy,” Stanford Encyclopedia of

Philosophy, October 27, 2017, https://plato.stanford.edu/entries/naturalism-india/


C. S. Lewis, The Abolition of Man: Or Reflection on Education with Special Reference to the Teaching of English in the Upper Forms of Schools (New York: Macmillan, 1947).


Edwin McDowell, “‘Great Books’ Takes in Moderns and Women,” New York Times, October 25, 1990, https://www.nytimes.com/1990/10/25/books/great-books-takes-in-moderns-and-women.html


Lao Tzu, Tao Te Ching, trans. John H. McDonald and John Baldock (London: Sirius, 2017).


Luke T. Lee and Whalen W. Lai, “The Chinese Conceptions of Law: Confucian, Legalist, and Buddhist,” Hastings Law Journal 29 no. 6 (1978): 1307-1329.


Harvard Divinity School, “The Dharma: The Teachings of the Buddha,” Religious Liberty Project, accessed May 21, 2019, https://rlp.hds.harvard.edu/religions/buddhism/dharma-teachings-buddha


Mortimer J. Adler, The Great Conversation: A Reader’s Guide to Great Books of the Western World (Chicago: Encyclopedia Britannica, 1994).


Ibid, The Great Ideas: A Syntopicon of Great Books of the Western World, vol. II (Chicago: Encyclopedia Britannica, 1955).


Ibid, vol. II (Chicago: Encyclopedia Britannica, 1955).


Ibid, “Philosophy Is Everybody’s Business,” Center for the Study of the Great Ideas: A Syntopical Approach to the Great Books and Practical Philosophy, accessed May 20, 2019, https://www.thegreatideas.org/greatideas1.html


Moyers & Company, “Six Great Ideas with Bill Moyers and Mortimer Adler,” Public Square Media, accessed May 20, 2019, https://billmoyers.com/series/six-great-ideas-bill-moyers-mortimer-adler/


Ŗig-Veda Sanhitá, trans. H. H. Wilson (London: N. Trübner and Co., 1866).


Siddhārtha Gautma, Four Noble Truths, trans. Viranjeewa Weerakkody, eds. Re’rukāne’ Chandawimala and Mahanayaka Thera (Sri Lanka, Polgasowita: Sri Chandawimala Dhamma Treatises Preservation Board, 2003).


169 Yuval Noah Harari, Homo Deus: A Brief History of Tomorrow (London: Vintage, 2016), 134-135.


170 Aristotle, The Metaphysics, trans. John H. M’Mahon (London: George Bell and Sons,

1896).


Ibid, The Physics, trans. Philip H. Wicksteed and Francis M. Cornford, vol. I (New York: G. P. Putnam’s Sons, 1934).


Ibid, vol. II (New York: G. P. Putnam’s Sons, 1934).


171 David Hume, A Treatise of Human Nature: Being an Attempt to Introduce the Experimental Method of Reasoning into Moral Subjects, ed. L. A. Selby-Bigge (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1888).


Julian Baggini, “Hume on Religion, Part 7: Soul-Searching,” The Guardian: US Edition, March 23, 2009,

https://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/belief/2009/mar/20/philosophy-religion-hume


172 Aristotle, The Metaphysics, trans. John H. M’Mahon (London: George Bell and Sons,

1896).


Ibid, The Physics, trans. Philip H. Wicksteed and Francis M. Cornford, vol. I (New York: G. P. Putnam’s Sons, 1934).


Ibid, vol. II (New York: G. P. Putnam’s Sons, 1934).


David Hume, A Treatise of Human Nature: Being an Attempt to Introduce the Experimental Method of Reasoning into Moral Subjects, ed. L. A. Selby-Bigge (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1888).


173 René Descartes, Discourse on the Method of Rightly Conducting One’s Reason and of Seeking Truth in the Sciences, trans. John Veitch (New York: E. P. Dutton & Co., 1912).


Ibid, Meditations on First Philosophy in Which the Existence of God and the Immortality of the Soul Are Demonstrated, trans. Laurence J. Lafleur (Indianapolis: Bobbs-Merrill Company, 1951).


Yuval Noah Harari, Homo Deus: A Brief History of Tomorrow (London: Vintage, 2016), 134-135.


174 Ibid, 134.


175 C. S. Lewis, The Abolition of Man: Or Reflection on Education with Special Reference to the Teaching of English in the Upper Forms of Schools (New York: Macmillan, 1947).


G. S. Kirk and J. E. Raven, The Pre-Socratic Philosophers: A Critical History with a Selection of Texts (Cambridge: University of Cambridge Press, 1957).


John 1:1-21:25 (KJV)


Lao Tzu, Tao Te Ching, trans. John H. McDonald and John Baldock (London: Sirius, 2017).


176 Auguste Comte, The Positive Philosophy of Auguste Comte, trans. Harriet Martineau (New York: D Appleton, 1853).


Larry A. Hickman, “Dewey, Pragmatism, Technology,” The Oxford Handbook of Dewey, ed. Steven Fesmire (November 2017), DOI: 10.1093/oxfordhb/9780190491192.013.18


William James, Pragmatism, a New Name for Some Old Ways of Thinking: Popular Lectures on Philosophy (New York: Longmans, Green, and Co., 1928).


177 Allan Stormon, “Unlock the Remarkable Power of Pragmatic AI: How a Readily Deployable form of AI is Transforming Today’s Enterprise,” Huffington Post, June 22, 2017, https://www.huffpost.com/entry/unlock-the-remarkable-power-of-pragmatic-ai_b_594c1e56e4b0f078efd97fe2


Nick Bostrom, “Transhumanist Values,” Ethical Issues for the Twenty-First Century (Philosophy Documentation Center, 2005), 3-14.


178 Ayn Rand, Introduction to Objectivist Epistemology, trans. Leonard Peikoff and Harry Binswanger (New York: New American Library, 1990).


Ibid, The Virtue of Selfishness: A New Concept of Egoism, trans. Nathaniel Branden, 50th Anniversary Ed. (Charlotte, NC: Paw Prints, 2016).


Henri Lefebvre, Dialectical Materialism, trans. John Sturrock (Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 1968).


Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels, The German Ideology, trans. C. J. Arthur (New York: International Publishers, 1947).


179 Alex Pearlman, “The Opposing Leaders of the Transhumanist Movement Got Salty in

a Debate: Transhumanist Point-Counterpoint,” Vice, April 25, 2016, https://www.vice.com/en_us/article/jpg577/transhumanist-debate


Friedrich Wilhelm Nietzsche, The Antichrist, trans. H. L. Mencken ( New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1920).


Joshua Fox, “Unintended Consequences: 19th Century Socialism and 21st Century Transhumanism,” Humanity+ Magazine, July 7, 2011, https://hplusmagazine.com/2011/07/07/unintended-consequences-19th-century-socialism-and-21st-century-transhumanism/


Zoltan Istvan, “The Growing World of Libertarian Transhumanism,” The American Conservative, August 8, 2017, https://www.theamericanconservative.com/articles/the-growing-world-of-libertarian-transhumanism/


180 Barbara C. Scholz, Francis Jeffry Pelletier, and Geoffrey K. Pullum, “Philosophy of Linguistics,” Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy, January 1, 2015, https://plato.stanford.edu/entries/linguistics/


Bertrand Russell, “On Denoting,” Mind 14 no. 56 (1905): 479-493.


Ferdinand de Saussure, Course in General Linguistics, trans. Roy Harris, Reprint (London: Bloomsbury, 2016).


Ludwig Wittgenstein, Philosophical Investigations, trans. G. E. M. Anscombe, P. M. S. Hacker, and Joachim Schulte, Revised 4th Ed. (Alden, MA: Wiley-Blackwell, 2009).


181 Ludwig Feuerbach, The Essence of Christianity, trans. George Eliot (Buffalo, N.Y.: Pro-

metheus Books, 1989).


Ibid, Principles of the Philosophy of the Future, trans. Manfred Vogel (Indianapolis: Hackett Publishing, 1986).


Marylin Chapin Massey, “Censorship and the Language of Feuerbach’s ‘Essence of Christianity’ (1841),” Journal of Religion 65 no. 2 (1985): 173-195.


Paul Bishop, “‘Elementary Aesthetics,’ Hedonist Ethics: The Philosophical Foundations of Feuerbach’s Late Works,” History of European Ideas 34 no. 3 (2008): 298-309.


Todd Gooch, “Ludwig Andreas Feuerbach,” Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy, December 9, 2013, https://plato.stanford.edu/entries/ludwig-feuerbach/


182 “Robots in Our Brains Will Make Us ‘Godlike’ Says Google,” BBC, October 2, 2015, http://www.bbc.co.uk/newsbeat/article/34427570/robots-in-our-brains-will-make-us-godlike-says-google


Yuval Noah Harari, Homo Deus: A Brief History of Tomorrow (London: Vintage, 2016).


183 Albert Camus, Lyrical and Critical Essays, trans. Ellen Conroy Kennedy, ed. Philip Thody

(New York: Knopf, 1968).


Ibid, The Myth of Sisyphus and Other Essays, trans. Justin O’Brien (London: Hamish Hamilton, 1955).


Paul Sartre, Existentialism and Humanism, trans. Philip Mairet (London: Mcthuen, 1948).


John Foley, Albert Camus: From the Absurd to Revolt (Stocksfield, ENG: Acumen, 2008).


Martin Heidegger, Being and Time, trans. John Macquarrie and Edward Robinson, 35th Reprint (Malden, MA: Blackwell, 2013).


Ronald Aronson, “Albert Camus,” Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy, April 10, 2017, https://plato.stanford.edu/archives/sum2017/entries/camus/


184 Beth Singler, “Existential Hope and Existential Despair in AI Apocalypticism and Trans-

humanism,” Zygon: Journal of Religion and Science 54 no. 1 (2019): 156-176.


Fabio Fossa, “Nihilism, Existentialism, – and Gnosticism? Reassessing the Role of the

Gnostic Religion in Hans Jonas’s Thought,” Philosophy and Social Criticism (2019): https://doi.org/10.1177/0191453719839455.


Leon Culbertson, “Sartre on Human Nature: Humanness, Transhumanism and Performance-Enhancement,” Sports, Ethics, and Philosophy: The Official Journal of the British Philosophy of Sport Association 5 no. 3 (2011): 231-244.


Patrícia Vieira, “Is Existentialism a Posthumanism?,” Philosophical Salon: A Los Angeles Review of Books Channel, November 2, 2015, https://thephilosophicalsalon.com/is-existentialism-a-post-humanism/


Steven Crowell, “Existentialism,” Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy, March 9, 2015, https://plato.stanford.edu/entries/existentialism/


185 J. P. Babbage, “Fracking: Fire Water (But Not the Kind You Drink),” The Economist, June 25, 2013, https://www.economist.com/babbage/2013/06/25/fire-water


Editors of the Encyclopedia Britannica, “Dust Bowl: Region, United States,” accessed May 25, 2019, https://www.britannica.com/place/Dust-Bowl


Emily Dixon, “Nuclear Fuel Rods from Fukushima Disaster Reactor 3 Are Now Being Painstakingly Removed,” CNN, April 15, 2019.


Sarah Zielinski, “The Colorado River Runs Dry: Dams, Irrigation and Now Climate Change

Have Drastically Reduced the Once-Mighty River. Is It a Sign of Things to Come?,” Smithsonian Magazine, October 2010, https://www.smithsonianmag.com/science-nature/the-colorado-river-runs-dry-61427169/


186 Adrian Rodriguez, “Marin Activists Rally Against 5G,” Marin Independent Journal, May 15, 2019, https://www.marinij.com/2019/05/15/marin-activists-rally-against-5g/


Mike Elgan, “Who’s Slowing Down Fast 5G? Forget America’s Opposition to Huawei. The Real Threat to 5G Nirvana Lies Elsewhere. (Hint: Conspiracy Theories Are Involved),” Computer World, May 18, 2019, https://www.computerworld.com/article/3396179/who-s-slowing-down-fast-5g.html


Ryan Collins, “Group Protests 5G, Doesn’t Want It on Kauai,” The Garden Island: Kauai’s Newspaper Since 1901, May 16, 2019, https://www.thegardenisland.com/2019/05/16/hawaii-news/group-protests-5g-doesnt-want-it-on-kauai/


Shennekia Grimshaw, “Activists Protest Against 5G Towers: A Group Says They Are Nervous Because of Potential Health Risks Linked to 5G,” WDVM Local News: Bethesda, https://www.localdvm.com/news/i-270/activists-protest-against-5g-towers/2004392639


187 Jim Puzzanghera, “Is 5G Technology Dangerous? Early Data Shows a Slight Increase of

Tumors in Male Rats Exposed to Cellphone Radiation,” Los Angeles Times, August 8, 2016, https://www.latimes.com/business/la-fi-cellphone-5g-health-20160808-snap-story.html


Julia Belluz, “A Comprehensive Guide to the Messy, Frustrating Science of Cellphones and

Health: With 5G Networks Coming, Understanding the Health Effects of Radio-Frequency Radiation Is More Urgent Than Ever,” Vox, November 2, 2018, https://www.vox.com/2018/7/16/17067214/cellphone-cancer-5g-evidence-studies


188 Agostino Di Ciaula, “Towards 5G Communication Systems: Are There Health Implications?,” International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health 221 no. 3 (2018): 367.


189 Andryanna Sheppard, “Group Rallies Against New 5G Technology Rollout,” ABC News:

KDRV TV, May 15, 2019, https://www.kdrv.com/content/news/Group-rallies-against-new-5G-technology-roll-out-510001741.html


190 Ryan Collins, “Group Protests 5G, Doesn’t Want It on Kauai,” The Garden Island: Kauai’s Newspaper Since 1901, May 16, 2019, https://www.thegardenisland.com/2019/05/16/hawaii-news/group-protests-5g-doesnt-want-it-on-kauai/


191 Adrian Rodriguez, “Marin Activists Rally Against 5G,” Marin Independent Journal, May 15, 2019, https://www.marinij.com/2019/05/15/marin-activists-rally-against-5g/


192 Rob Hughes, “Petition Circulating to Stop 5G from Coming to Charlotte: 5G Promises

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193 Julia Moro, “Long Islanders Join Nationwide Anti-5G Rally,” Long Island Press, May 16,

2019, https://www.longislandpress.com/2019/05/16/long-islanders-join-nationwide-anti-5g-rally/


194 Emily Burkhard, “Albany Residents Debate Safety of 5G,” NBC News: WNYT TV, May 16, 2019, https://wnyt.com/news/albany-residents-debate-safety-of-5g/5356550/


195 Paul Kirby, “Protesters Call on Woodstock to Block 5G Wireless Installation,” Daily Freeman, May 15, 2019, https://www.dailyfreeman.com/news/local-news/protesters-call-on-woodstock-to-block-g-wireless-installation/article_21df1904-7743-11e9-baa8-cbe50257f5da.html


196 Karen Wynn, “Local Group Rallies in Asheville as Part of National Protest Over 5G Technology,” ABC News: WLOS TV, May 15, 2019, https://wlos.com/news/local/local-group-rallies-in-asheville-as-part-of-national-protest-over-5g-technology


Patti and Doug. “Stopping 5G Microwave Radiation: The May 15th National Day of Action,” Centre for Research on Globalization, May 4, 2019, https://www.globalresearch.ca/stopping-5g-microwave-radiation-the-may-15th-national-day-of-action/5676493


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