School World Order Endnotes (Citations/References)

Updated: Sep 16, 2019


Endnotes – Chapters 17 - 18


1 University of Cambridge, “Directory: Dr. Dennis Bray,” Cambridge Neuroscience, accessed

November 29, 2018, https://www.neuroscience.cam.ac.uk/directory/profile.php?db10009


2 Dennis Bray, Wetware: A Computer in Every Living Cell (New Haven: Yale University Press, 2009), x-xi.


3 Wayne Gillam, “Engineering Data Security for Brain-Computer Interfaces,” Center for

Neurotechnology: A National Science Foundation Engineering Research Center, July 11, 2017, http://csne-erc.org/engage-enable/post/engineering-data-security-brain-computer-interfaces


4 Jeana Chaffin, “AT&T Futurist Report: Blended Reality–The Future of Entertainment, 5G,

& Mobile Edge Computing,” AT&T Developer Program Blog, September 24, 2018, https://developer.att.com/blog/future-of-5g-entertainment


5 Joon Ian Wong, “Brains with Machines: What Comes After Smartphones? Brain Implants, Maybe,” Quartz, October 20, 2016, https://qz.com/814849/darpa-and-qualcomm-brain-implants-for-6g-and-neural-engineering/


Sascha Segan, “With 5G Still in the Works, 6G Is Already Taking Shape: 5G Hasn’t Launched yet, but Finland’s University of Oulu Just Convened a Research Group about 6G Wireless. Here’s What They’re Thinking,” PC Magazine, April 19, 2018, https://www.pcmag.com/article/360533/what-is-6g


6 Ayça Çebi and Hasan Karal, “An Application of Fuzzy Analytic Hierarchy Process (FAHP)

for Evaluating Students’ Project,” Educational Research and Reviews 12 no. 3 (2017): 120.


7 Carnegie Mellon University, “Explore: Repositories,” Learnsphere, accessed December 1,2018, http://learnsphere.org/explore.html


8 Ibid.

9 Ibid.

10 Ibid.

11 Ibid.

12 Ibid.

13 Ibid.

14 Ibid.


15 LearnLab, “DataShop@Stanford: A Data Analysis Service for the Learning Science of

Community,” LearnLab: Pittsburgh Science of Learning Center, accessed December 1, 2018, https://datashop.stanford.edu/


Ibid, “DataShop@TutorGen: A Data Analysis Service for the Learning Science of Community,” LearnLab: Pittsburgh Science of Learning Center, accessed December 1, 2018, https://datashop.tutorgen.com/


16 United States, Department of Education, Office of Management, “Family Educational

Rights and Privacy: Final Regulations—34 CFR Part 99,” Federal Register 76 no. 232 (National Archives and Records Administration, December 2, 2011), https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/FR-2011-12-02/pdf/2011-30683.pdf


17 San Diego State University, “Faculty and Staff: Emeritus Faculty,” Department of Computer Science, accessed December 1, 2018, http://www.cs.sdsu.edu/faculty-and-staff/


18 National Aeronautics and Space Administration, “Biography of Wernher von Braun,” Marshall History, August 3, 2017, https://www.nasa.gov/centers/marshall/history/vonbraun/bio.html


United States, National Archives and Records Administration, “Records of the Secretary of Defense (RG 330): Joint Intelligence Objectives Agency—Foreign Scientist Case Files 1945-1958 (Entry A1-1B),” Nazi War Crimes Interagency Working Group: IWG Declassified Records, October 11, 2016,

https://www.archives.gov/iwg/declassified-records/rg-330-defense-secretary


19 Vernor Vinge, “The Coming Technological Singularity: How to Survive in the Post-Hu-

man Era,” Vision-21: Interdisciplinary Science and Engineering in the Era of Cyberspace (NASA Conference Publication 10129, March 30-31, 1993), https://ntrs.nasa.gov/archive/nasa/casi.ntrs.nasa.gov/19940022855.pdf


20 William Poundstone, “John von Neumann: American Mathematician,” Encyclopedia Bri-

tannica, accessed December 1, 2018, https://www.britannica.com/biography/John-von-Neumann


21 George Dyson, interview by John Naughton, “The True Fathers of Computing,” The

Guardian: US Edition, February 25, 2012, https://www.theguardian.com/technology/2012/feb/26/first-computers-john-von-neumann


John von Neumann, Mathematical Foundations of Quantum Mechanics, trans. Robert T. Beyer, ed. Nicholas A. Wheeler (Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1932).


22 IWM Staff, “How Alan Turing Cracked the Enigma Code,” Imperial War Museums, January 5, 2018, https://www.iwm.org.uk/history/how-alan-turing-cracked-the-enigma-code


23 Alan M. Turing, “I.—Computing Machinery and Intelligence,” Mind: A Quarterly Review of

Psychology and Philosophy 59 no. 236 (1950): 433-460.


24 Editors of the Encyclopedia Britannica, “Stanislaw Ulam: American Scientist,” accessed

December 1, 2018, https://www.britannica.com/biography/Stanislaw-Ulam


25 Julia Damerow, “John von Neumann (1903-1957),” Embryo Project Encyclopedia at Arizona State University, June 22, 2010, https://embryo.asu.edu/pages/john-von-neumann-1903-1957


Richard Pearson, “Mathematician Stanislaw Ulam, Leader in Bomb Research, Dies,” Washington Post, May 16, 1984, https://www.washingtonpost.com/archive/local/1984/05/16/mathematician-stanislaw-ulam-leader-in-bomb-research-dies/08ce9d61-b174-4814-ab3c-7b7f9e6412a5/?noredirect=on&utm_term=.ba1393cabc94


26 Stanislaw Ulam, “John von Neumann (1903-1957),” Bulletin of the American Mathematical Society 64 no. 3 (1958): 5.


27 Ray Kurzweil, The Singularity Is Near: When Humans Transcend Biology (New York: Viking, 2005), 56.


28 Robert D. Atkinson, “In Defense of Robots: Why We Should Not Reject Technology in

Order to ‘Protect’ Workers,” National Review, April 17, 2017, https://www.nationalreview.com/magazine/2017/04/17/robots-taking-jobs-technology-workers/


29 World Economic Forum, “About Us: Klaus Schwab—Biography,” accessed December 1,

2018, https://www.weforum.org/about/klaus-schwab


30 Robert D. Atkinson, “In Defense of Robots: Why We Should Not Reject Technology in Order to ‘Protect’ Worker,” National Review, April 17, 2017, https://www.nationalreview.com/magazine/2017/04/17/robots-taking-jobs-technology-workers/


31 Carnegie Mellon University, “Faculty & Staff: Vivek Wadhwa—Distinguished Fellow &

Adjunct Professor,” Integrated Innovation Institute: Engineering + Design + Business, accessed December 1, 2018, https://www.cmu.edu/iii/innovators/faculty-staff/wadhwa.html


32 Robert D. Atkinson, “In Defense of Robots: Why We Should Not Reject Technology in

Order to ‘Protect’ Worker,” National Review, April 17, 2017, https://www.nationalreview.com/magazine/2017/04/17/robots-taking-jobs-technology-workers/


33 James Vincent, “Google Wants to Improve Your Smart Home with iRobot’s Room Maps,”

The Verge, October 31, 2018, https://www.theverge.com/2018/10/31/18041876/google-irobot-smart-home-spatial-data-mapping-collaboration


34 Google, “Research—Teams & Focus Areas: Google Brain Team,” Google AI, accessed December 1, 2018, https://ai.google/research/teams/brain


National Aeronautics and Space Administration, “NASA Quantum Artificial Intelligence Laboratory (QuAIL),” NASA, accessed December 1, 2018, https://ti.arc.nasa.gov/tech/dash/groups/physics/quail/


35 Catherine Shu, “Google Acquires Artificial Intelligence Startup DeepMind For More Than

$500M,” TechCrunch, January 27, 2014, https://techcrunch.com/2014/01/26/google-deepmind/


36 Dieter Bohn, “Google Duplex Really Works and Testing Begins This Summer: This Is What It’s Like to Take a Restaurant Reservation from an AI,” The Verge, June 27, 2018, https://www.theverge.com/2018/6/27/17508728/google-duplex-assistant-reservations-demo


James Vincent, “Google Wants to Improve Your Smart Home with iRobot’s Room Maps,” The Verge, October 31, 2018, https://www.theverge.com/2018/10/31/18041876/google-irobot-smart-home-spatial-data-mapping-collaboration


37 Ashley Carman, “Volkswagen Now Lets Apple Users Unlock Their Cars with Siri,” The

Verge, https://www.theverge.com/2018/11/12/18087416/volkswagen-vw-car-net-app-siri-short-cuts


Judith Shulevitz, “Alexa, Should We Trust You?,” The Atlantic, November 2018, https://www.theatlantic.com/magazine/archive/2018/11/alexa-how-will-you-change-us/570844/


Tom Warren, “Microsoft Is Bringing Cortana to Fridges, Toasters, and Thermostats,” The Verge, December 13, 2016, https://www.theverge.com/2016/12/13/13935136/microsoft-cortana-windows-10-iot-devices


38 Wayne Madsen, interview by RT, “Somebody’s Watching Me: Social Networking Spies—

CIA Monitors Trends on the Web,” Global Research TV: Centre for Research on Globalization, January 1, 2012, http://tv.globalresearch.ca/2012/01/social-networking-spies-cia-sifts-social-media-sites


Webster G. Tarpley, Interview by RT, “Google Guard: Google and the NSA Are Teaming up to Take Down Internet Hackers—Tarpley: Google Is Now Openly in Alliance with the NSA,” Website of Webster Griffin Tarpley, February 5, 2010, http://tarpley.net/google-joins-with-nsa-in-drive-to-confront-china/


39 Frederic Lardinois, “The Google Assistant Will Soon Be Able to Call Restaurants and

Make a Reservation for You,” TechCrunch, May 8, 2018, https://techcrunch.com/2018/05/08/the-google-assistant-will-soon-be-able-to-call-restaurants-and-make-a-reservations-for-you/


40 Patrick Fernandes, Miltiadis Allamanis, and Marc Brockschmidt, “Structured Neural Summarization,” Microsoft Research (Cambridge, UK: November 5, 2018), https://arxiv.org/pdf/1811.01824.pdf


41 Zara Stone, “Ten Incredibly Lifelike Humanoid Robots to Get On Your Radar,” Forbes,

February 27, 2018, https://www.forbes.com/sites/zarastone/2018/02/27/ten-incredibly-lifelike-humanoid-robots-to-get-on-your-radar/#61e9f5d434d2


42 Elaine Chow, “Japanese Elementary School Kids Now Being Taught by Saya the Robot,”

Gizmodo, March 10, 2009, https://gizmodo.com/5167214/japanese-elementary-school-kids-now-being-taught-by-saya-the-robot


43 Giorgio Metta, “The iCub Humanoid Robot Project,” Istituto Italiano Di Tecnologia: ITT

Central Research Lab, Genova, accessed December 1, 2018, https://www.iit.it/research/lines/icub


Kaleigh Rogers, “This Slightly Haunting Childlike Robot Has Helped Scientists Crowdsource Research for Over a Decade: It’s Called iCub and Is Able to Do Some Pretty Amazing Feats,” Motherboard, December 20, 2017, https://motherboard.vice.com/en_us/article/d34pvm/this-slightly-haunting-childlike-robot-has-helped-scientists-crowdsource-research-for-over-a-decade


Sam Byford, “Sony Is Working on a Robot That Can ‘Form an Emotional Bond’ with People: VR May Be a ‘New Business Domain’ for the Company,” The Verge, June 19, 2016, https://www.theverge.com/2016/6/29/12057408/sony-robot-emotion-vr-sensors


44 Keiichi Furukawa, “Honda’s Asimo Robot Bows Out but Finds New Life: Underlying Tech

Applied to Physical Therapy and Self-Driving Vehicles,” Nikkei Asian Review, June 28, 2018, https://asia.nikkei.com/Business/Companies/Honda-s-Asimo-robot-bows-out-but-finds-new-life


45 Rosie Spink, “Meet the Robot Giving Hospitalised Children Superpowers,” The Guardian:

US Edition, February 6, 2015, https://www.theguardian.com/sustainable-business/2015/feb/06/robots-for-good-hospitalised-children-superpowers


46 Saoirse Kerrigan, “15 Most Forward-Thinking Projects That Could Build the Next Humanoids,” Interesting Engineering, June 29, 2018, https://interestingengineering.com/15-most-forward-thinking-projects-that-could-build-the-next-humanoids


Zara Stone, “Ten Incredibly Lifelike Humanoid Robots to Get On Your Radar,” Forbes, February 27, 2018, https://www.forbes.com/sites/zarastone/2018/02/27/ten-incredibly-lifelike-humanoid-robots-to-get-on-your-radar/#61e9f5d434d2


47 Zara Stone, “Everything You Need to Know About Sophia, the World’s First Robot Citizen,” Forbes, November 7, 2017, https://www.forbes.com/sites/zarastone/2017/11/07/everything-you-need-to-know-about-sophia-the-worlds-first-robot-citizen/#7d599dc446fa


48 “Six Things Women in Saudi Arabia Still Can’t Do: First Licences Issued for Female Drivers, but Women Still Face Severe Restrictions Every Day,” The Week, June 5, 2018, https://www.the-week.co.uk/60339/things-women-cant-do-in-saudi-arabia


49 Brian Whitaker, “Everything You Need to Know about Being Gay in Muslim Countries,”

The Guardian: US Edition, June 21, 2016, https://www.theguardian.com/world/2016/jun/21/gay-lgbt-muslim-countries-middle-east


50 Ben Hubbard, “What We Know About Jamal Khashoggi’s Death,” New York Times, Oc-

tober 20, 2018, https://www.nytimes.com/2018/10/20/world/middleeast/khashoggi-turkey-saudi-narratives.html


51 Jeff Parsons, “Watch Sophia the ‘Sexy Robot’ Claim She Will ‘Destroy Humans’ - Leaving

Creator Red Faced: A Mistake During a Technical Demonstration at the SXSW Tech Show Revealed the Android’s True Intentions,” The Mirror, March 22, 2016, https://www.mirror.co.uk/tech/watch-sophia-sexy-robot-claim-7606152


52 Jim Edwards, “I Interviewed Sophia, the Artificially Intelligent Robot That Said It Wanted

to ‘Destroy Humans,’” Business Insider, November 8, 2017, https://www.businessinsider.com/interview-with-sophia-ai-robot-hanson-said-it-would-destroy-humans-2017-11


Michelle Starr, “Crazy-Eyed Robot Wants a Family -- and to Destroy All Humans: Hanson Robotics’ Most Recent Humanoid Robot Is Its Most Advanced Yet, and Its Cold, Dead Eyes Will Make Your Skin Crawl,” CNet Magazine, March 20, 2016, https://www.cnet.com/news/crazy-eyed-robot-wants-a-family-and-to-destroy-all-humans/


53 Mick Mulvaney and Michael Kratsios, “Memorandum for the Heads of Executive Departments and Agencies: FY 2019 Administration Research and Development Budget Priorities,” Executive Office of the President: Office of Management and Budget / Office of Science and Technology Policy, August 17, 2017, https://www.whitehouse.gov/sites/whitehouse.gov/files/ostp/fy2019-administration-research-development-budget-priorities.pdf


54 United States, White House, “Research and Development” (Washington, DC: Government Publishing Office, February 2018), https://www.whitehouse.gov/wp-content/uploads/2018/02/ap_18_research-fy2019.pdf


55 Ibid, Department of Transportation, National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, Automated Driving Systems 2.0: A Vision for Safety (Washington, DC: DOT HS, September 2017), https://www.nhtsa.gov/sites/nhtsa.dot.gov/files/documents/13069a-ads2.0_090617_v9a_tag.pdf


56 Donald J. Trump, “Infrastructure and Technology: Unmanned Aircraft Systems Integration Pilot Program,” Presidential Memorandum for the Secretary of Transportation, White House, October 25, 2017, https://www.whitehouse.gov/presidential-actions/presidential-memorandum-secretary-transportation/


57 United States, White House, “Infrastructure and Technology: Artificial Intelligence for

the American People,” Fact Sheet, May 10, 2018, https://www.whitehouse.gov/briefings-state-ments/artificial-intelligence-american-people/


58 Ibid.


59 United States, Executive Office of the President, National Science and Technology

Council, Networking and Information and Technology Research and Development Subcommittee, The National Artificial Intelligence Research and Development Strategic Plan (Washington, DC: Government Publishing Office, October 2016), https://www.nitrd.gov/PUBS/national_ai_rd_strategic_plan.pdf


60 Ray Kurzweil, The Age of Spiritual Machines: When Computers Exceed Human Intelligence (New York: Viking, 1999), 204.


61 Laura Vanderkam, Blended Learning: A Wise Giver’s Guide to Bolstering Tech-Assisted

Teaching, ed. Karl Zinsmeister (Washington DC: Philanthropy, April 2013), https://www.philanthropyroundtable.org/docs/default-source/guidebook-files/blended_learning_guidebook.pdf?s-fvrsn=afaba740_0


62 International Business Machines, “Watson: Products and Services,” IBM, accessed January 8, 2018, https://www.ibm.com/watson/products-services/


63 Edwin Black, IBM and the Holocaust: The Strategic Alliance between Nazi Germany and

America’s Most Powerful Corporation (New York: Random House, 2001), 69.


64 H&R Block, “H&R Block with Watson: Taxes Will Never Be the Same,” accessed December 2, 2018, https://www.hrblock.com/lp/fy17/hrblock-and-watson.html


International Business Machines, “IBM Security: Cognitive Security—Evolve Your Defenses with Security That Understands, Reasons and Learns,” IBM, accessed January 8, 2018, https://www-03.ibm.com/security/ca-en/cognitive/


Ibid, “Watson: Products and Services,” IBM, accessed January 8, 2018, https://www.ibm.com/watson/products-services/


65 Ibid, “IBM Watson Education: Transforming Learning Experiences with Watson AI,” IBM,

accessed January 8, 2018, https://www.ibm.com/watson/education


66 Ibid, “Watson—Education: Art of the Possible: IBM Watson and Pearson Drive Cognitive

Learning for College Students—IBM and Pearson Are Bringing Watson Cognitive Capabilities to College Students and Educators,” IBM, accessed January 8, 2018, https://www.ibm.com/watson/education/pearson


Ibid, accessed January 8, 2018, https://www.ibm.com/developerworks/library/cc-beginner-guide-machine-learning-ai-cognitive/index.html


67 Barb Darrow, “IBM and Amazon Are Sorta Strange Bedfellows in Blackboard Deal,” Fortune, June 30, 2016, http://fortune.com/2016/06/30/ibm-and-amazon-are-sorta-strange-bedfellows-in-blackboard-deal/


Blackboard, “Blackboard Inc. and IBM Enter Strategic Relationship to Develop Cognitive Solutions and Manage Infrastructure Operations,” Blackboard Press Releases, June 29, 2016, http://pages.blackboard.com/news-and-events/press-releases/2016/bb-ibm-strategic-relationship-develop-cognitive-solutions-manage-infrastructure-operations.aspx


68 International Business Machines, “IBM Watson Education: Transforming Learning Experiences with Watson AI,” IBM, accessed January 8, 2018, https://www.ibm.com/watson/education


69 Ibid.

70 Ibid.


71 Ibid, “IBM Watson Education and Pearson to Drive Cognitive Learning Experiences for

College Students,” IBM Newsroom: News Releases, October 25, 2016, https://www.03.ibm.com/press/us/en/pressrelease/50842.wss


72 Susan E. F. Chipman, “Applications in Education and Training: A Force Behind the Development of Cognitive Science,” Topics in Cognitive Science 2 (2010): 389.


73 Ibid, 390.

74 Ibid.


75 United States, Executive Office of the President, National Science and Technology

Council, Committee on Technology, Preparing for the Future of Artificial Intelligence (Washington, DC: Government Publishing Office, October 2016), https://obamawhitehouse.archives.gov/sites/default/files/whitehouse_files/microsites/ostp/NSTC/preparing_for_the_future_of_ai.pdf


76 Ryoko Yamaguchi and Adam Hall, “A Compendium of Education Technology Research

Funded by NCER and NCSER: 2002-2014,” National Center for Education Research (Washington, DC: National Center for Education Research, Institute of Education Sciences, U.S. Department of Education, 2017), vii.


77 Ibid, 46.


78 Jingying Chen, Nan Luo, Yuanyuan Liu, Leyuan Liu, Kun Zhang, and Joanna Kolodziej, “A Hybrid Intelligence-Aided Approach to Affect-Sensitive e-Learning,” Computing 98 no. 1/2 (2016): 218.


79 Tessa McCarthy, L. Penny Rosenblum, Benny G. Johnson, Jeffrey Dittel, and Devin M.

Kearns, “An Artificial Intelligence Tutor: A Supplementary Tool for Teaching and Practicing Braille,” Journal of Visual Impairment and Blindness 110 no. 5 (2016): 309.


80 Sze-Chu Liu and Po-Yi Hung, “Teaching Pronunciation with Computer Assisted Pronunciation Instruction in a Technological University,” Universal Journal of Educational Research 4 no. 9 (2016): 1940.


81 Ibid, 1941.

82 Ibid, 1940.


83 Donggil Song, “Designing a Teachable Agent System for Mathematics Learning,” Contemporary Educational Technology 8 no. 2 (2017): 176.


84 Ibid, 178.


85 Phu Vu, Scott Fredrickson, and Richard Meyer, “Help at 3:00 AM! Providing 24/7 Timely

Support to Online Students via a Virtual Assistant,” Online Journal of Distance Learning Administration 19 no. 1 (2016): https://www.westga.edu/~distance/ojdla/spring191/vu_fredrickson_meyer191.html


86 Ali Ozdemir, Aysegul Alaybeyoglu, Naciye Mulayim, and Muhammed Uysa, “An Intelligent System for Determining Learning Style,” International Journal of Research in Education and Science 4 no. 1 (2018): 208.


87 Ibid, 209.


88 Maria Samarakou, Grammatiki Tsaganou, and Andreas Papadakis, “An e-Learning System for Extracting Text Comprehension and Learning Style Characteristics,” Educational Technology and Society 21 no. 1 (2018): 127.


89 Ibid, 129.

90 Ibid, 127.

91 Ibid.

92 Ibid, 126-127.


93 Jingying Chen, Nan Luo, Yuanyuan Liu, Leyuan Liu, Kun Zhang, and Joanna Kolodziej, “A Hybrid Intelligence-Aided Approach to Affect-Sensitive e-Learning,” Computing 98 no. 1/2 (2016): 218.


94 Ibid.

95 Ibid.

96 Ibid, 231.

97 Ibid, 218.

98 Ibid, 231.

99 Ibid, 232.


100 Emrah Soykan, Fezile Özdamlı, and Deniz Özcan, “The Emotional Analysis of Children

with Special Needs During Tablet Usage in Education,” International Journal of Cognitive Research in Science, Engineering and Education 5 no. 2 (2017): 58.


101 Ibid.


102 Somayeh Fatahi and Hadi Moradi, “A Fuzzy Cognitive Map Model to Calculate a User’s

Desirability Based on Personality in e-Learning Environments,” Computers in Human Behavior 63 (2016): 272.


103 Hawon Lee and Eunja Hyun, “The Intelligent Robot Contents for Children with

Speech-Language Disorder,” Journal of Educational Technology and Society 18 no. 3 (2015): 100, 102.


104 Ibid, 102.

105 Ibid, 100.

106 Ibid.

107 Ibid, 103.


Notes


457


108 Ibid, 102-103.


109 Scott Berson, “‘Terrifying’: Watch Humanoid Robot Backflip and Run Military-Style

Obstacle Courses,” Miami Herald, October 12, 2018, https://www.miamiherald.com/news/nation-world/national/article219911745.html


110 Adrian Covert, “Video: Boston Dynamics’ Petman Is the Creepy Bipedal Evolution of Big

Dog,” Popular Science, October 26, 2009, https://www.popsci.com/technology