• John jakE Klyczek

School World Order Endnotes (Citations / References)

Updated: Sep 3


Endnotes: Chapter 14


1. MITx and HarvardX Dataverse, The Presidents & Fellows of Harvard College, accessed November 8, 2018, https://dataverse.harvard.edu/dataverse/mxhx


2. Charles Darwin, On the Origin of Species by Means of Natural Selection: Or the Preservation of Favoured Races in the Struggle for Life (1859), Reprint (New York: Heritage Press, 1963), iii.


3. John Taylor Gatto, “Against School,” in Rereading America: Cultural Contexts for Critical Thinking and Writing, 9th edition, eds. Gary Colombo, Robert Cullen, Bonnie Lisle (Boston: Bedford/St. Martin’s, 2013), 147.


4. R. E. Fancher, “Scientific Cousins: The Relationship between Charles Darwin and Francis Galton,” American Journal of Psychology 64 no. 2 (2009): 84-92.


5. Francis Galton, Hereditary Genius: An Inquiry into Its Laws and Consequences (New York: MacMillan and Co., 1869), 1.


Ibid, Inquiries Into Human Faculty and Its Development (New York: Macmillan and Co., 1883), 24-25.


6. Anton Weiss-Wendt and Rory Yeomans, “Racial Science in Hitler's New Europe, 1938-1945,” University of Nebraska-Lincoln Digital Commons: University of Nebraska Press—Sample Books and Chapters (2013), https://digitalcommons.unl.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1190&context=unpresssamples


7. Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory, “Special Collections: Carnegie Institution of Washington,” CSHL Library and Archives, accessed November 18, 2018, http://library.cshl.edu/special-collections/carnegie-institution-of-washington


James Watson, “The Connection between American Eugenics and Nazi Germany,” CSHL DNA Learning Center: Preparing Students and Families to Thrive in the Gene Age, accessed November 18, 2018, https://www.dnalc.org/view/15466-The-


8. Andrea Alfano, “Good Genes, Bad Science,” Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory Newsstand, October 15, 2017, https://www.cshl.edu/good-genes-bad-science/


9. State of Indiana, “Historical Markers: 1907 Eugenics Law,” Indiana Historical Bureau, accessed November 18, 2018, https://www.in.gov/history/markers/524.htm


10. E. S. Gosney and Paul Popenoe, Sterilization for Human Betterment: A Summary of the Results of 6,000 Operations in California, 1909-1929(New York: Macmillan, 1931), xii.


11. Ibid, 116.


12. Nosmot Gbadamosi, “Human Exhibits and Sterilization: The Fate of Afro Germans under Nazis,” CNN, July 26, 2017, https://www.cnn.com/2017/07/21/world/black-during-the-holocaust-rhineland-children-film/index.html


13. Henry P. David, Jochen Fleischhacker, Charlotte Höhn, “Abortion and Eugenics in Nazi Germany,” Population and Development Review 14 no. 1 (1988): 81-112.


14. Michael Berenbaum, “T4 Euthanasia Program: Nazi Policy,” Encyclopedia Britannica, accessed November 18, https://www.britannica.com/event/T4-Program


15. Sara Goer, “Eugenics,” Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy, July 2, 2014, https://plato.stanford.edu/entries/eugenics/


16. Adolph Hitler quoted in Otto Wagener, Hitler Memoirs of a Confidant, trans. Henry Ashby Turner (Yale University Press, 1987), quoted in Edwin Black, War Against the Weak: Eugenics and America’s Campaign to Create a Master Race (New York: Four Walls Eight Windows, 2003), 275-276.


Stefan Kühl, The Nazi Connection: Eugenics, American Racism, and German National Socialism (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1994), 85.


17. Edwin Black, War Against the Weak: Eugenics and America’s Campaign to Create a Master Race (New York: Four Walls Eight Windows, 2003).


18. Stefan Kühl, The Nazi Connection: Eugenics, American Racism, and German National Socialism (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1994).


19. Daniel Kevles, In the Name of Eugenics: Genetics and the Uses of Human Heredity (New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1985).


20. Edwin Black, War Against the Weak: Eugenics and America’s Campaign to Create a Master Race (New York: Four Walls Eight Windows, 2003), 425.


Galton Institute, “About,” Galton Institute: Exploring Human Heredity, accessed November 18, 2018, http://www.galtoninstitute.org.uk/about/


Michael Holland, Anselm Huelsbergen, Gary Cox, Alla Barabtarlo, Karen Witt, Erin Zellers, Amy Jones, and Kelli Hansen, Controlling Heredity: The American Eugenics Crusade: 1870 – 1940, The Missouri University Life Sciences and Society Program and the Missouri University Libraries' Special Collections and Rare Books, 5 May 2011, http://mulibraries.missouri.edu/specialcollections/exhibits/eugenics/


Rachel Gur-Arie, “American Eugenics Society (1926-1972),” Embryo Project Encyclopedia at Arizona State University, November 22, 2014, https://embryo.asu.edu/pages/american-eugenics-society-1926-1972


Stefan Kühl, The Nazi Connection: Eugenics, American Racism, and German National Socialism (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1994), 32.


21. John Timson, “Portraits of the Pioneers: Julian Huxley,” Galton Institute Newsletter 35 (1999), http://www.galtoninstitute.org.uk/Newsletters/GINL9912/julian_huxley.htm


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John Tagliabue, “File Show Kurt Waldheim Served under War Criminal,” New York Times, March 4, 1986, https://www.nytimes.com/1986/03/04/world/files-show-kurt-waldheim-served-under-war-criminal.html


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23. Julian Huxley, UNESCO: Its Purpose and Its Philosophy (Washington D. C.: Public Affairs Press, 1948), 23.


24. Antony C. Sutton, America’s Secret Establishment: An Introduction to the Order of Skull and Bones, Updated Reprint, (Walterville, OR: Trine Day, 2002), 27.


25. Archibald MacLeish and Henri Bonnet, “Unesco,” Bulletin of the American Association of University Professors (1915-1955) 32 no. 4 (1946): 605-620.


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26. Charles Darwin , The Autobiography of Charles Darwin: From the Life and Letters of Charles Darwin, ed. Francis Darwin (1892), quoted in John Toye, Keynes on Population (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2000), 59.


Ibid, The Descent of Man, and Selection in Relation to Sex (New York: Random House, 1936), 428.


Donald Gunn MacRae, “Thomas Malthus: English Economist and Demographer,” Encyclopedia Britannica, September 28, 2018, https://www.britannica.com/biography/Thomas-Malthus


Thomas Robert Malthus, “An Essay on the Principle of Population, as It Affects the Future Improvement of Society: With Remarks on the Speculations of Mr. Godwin, M. Condorcet, and Other Writers (1798),” On Populations: Thomas Robert Malthus, ed. Gertrude Himmelfarb (New York: Modern Library, 1960), 36.


27. J. Vernon Jensen, “Thomas Henry Huxley’s Address at the Opening of the Johns Hopkins University in September 1876,” Notes and Records of the Royal Society of London 47 no. 2 (1993): 257-269.


28. John Atkins, Aldous Huxley: A Literary Study (New York: Orion, 1956), 12.

Milton Birnbaum, Aldous Huxley's Quest for Values (Tennessee: U of Tennessee P, 1971), 5.


29. J. Vernon Jensen, “Thomas Henry Huxley’s Address at the Opening of the Johns Hopkins University in September 1876,” Notes and Records of the Royal Society of London 47 no. 2 (1993): 257-269.


30. Charles Blinderman and David Joyce, “Scientific Education,” The Huxley File (Clark University, 1998), https://mathcs.clarku.edu/huxley/guide11.html


31. William E. Friedman and Pamela K. Diggle, “Charles Darwin and the Origins of Plant Evolutionary Developmental Biology,” The Plant Cell: American Society of Plant Biologists, April 22, 2011, https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3101565/


32. Charles Blinderman and David Joyce, “Scientific Education,” The Huxley File (Clark University, 1998), https://mathcs.clarku.edu/huxley/guide11.html


33. Nicholas Boyle, “Johann Wolfgang von Goethe: German Author,” Encyclopedia Britannica, accessed November 18, 2018, https://www.britannica.com/biography/Johann-Wolfgang-von-Goethe


34. Thomas Henry Huxley, Aphorisms and Reflections from the Works of T. H. Huxley, ed. Henrietta A. Huxley (1908), Reprint (Gutenberg EBook, January 22, 2013), http://www.gutenberg.org/files/38097/38097-h/38097-h.htm


35. Robert Beachy, “Recasting Cosmopolitanism: German Freemasonry and Regional Identity in the Early Nineteenth Century,” Eighteenth Century Studies 33 no. 2 (2000): 266-274.


Rudolph Steiner and Marie Steiner-von Sivers, “The Temple Legend: Goethe and His Connections to Rosicrucianism,” (1906) Rudolph Steiner Archive & e.Library, January 15, 2013, https://wn.rsarchive.org/Lectures/GA093/English/RSP1985/TmpLeg_goethe.html


Rudolph Steiner, “Theosophy of the Rosicrucian: The New Form of Wisdom,” (1907) Rudolph Steiner Archive & e.Library, July 4, 2002,

https://wn.rsarchive.org/Lectures/GA099/English/RSP1966/19070522p01.html

Steven Bond, “‘R.C.’: Rosicrucianism and Cartesianism in Joyce and Beckett,” Miranda 4 (2011), https://journals.openedition.org/miranda/1939


36. Antony C. Sutton, America’s Secret Establishment: An Introduction to the Order of Skull and Bones, Updated Reprint (Walterville, OR: Trine Day, 2002), 79.


37. Leonard Huxley, Life and Letters of Thomas Henry Huxley Vol. I (London: MacMillan, 1900), 460-461.


38. Thomas Henry Huxley, Life and Letters of Thomas Henry Huxley Vol. I, ed. Leonard Huxley (London: MacMillan, 1900), 462, 463.


39. Ibid, 462.


40. Leonard Huxley, Life and Letters of Thomas Henry Huxley Vol. I (London: MacMillan, 1900), 36-37.


41. Ibid, ii.


42. Jessica McBride, “Prince Harry’s Hand Gesture: What Does It Mean?,” Heavy, December 4, 2017, https://heavy.com/news/2017/12/prince-harry-hand-gesture-illuminati-masonic-devil-photos/


Zhenya Gershman, “Rembrandt: Turn of the Key,” Arion: A Journal of the Humanities and the Classics at Boston University (2014), https://www.bu.edu/arion/files/2014/03/Gershman-web-version.pdf


43. Leonard Huxley, Life and Letters of Thomas Henry Huxley Vol. II (London: MacMillan, 1900), ii.


44. Charles Day, “The X Club: A Semi-Secret Society in the 19th Century Met to Discuss Science without Fear of Religious Persecution,” Physics Today, August 4, 2011, https://physicstoday.scitation.org/do/10.1063/PT.5.010137/full/


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48. Marie Boas Hall, “The Royal Society in Thomas Henry Huxley's Time,” Notes and Records of the Royal Society of London 38 no. (1984): 153-158.


49. Royal Botanic Gardens, “Sir Joseph Dalton Hooker (1817-1911),” Bulletin of Miscellaneous Information no. 1 (1912): 1-34.


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52. Charles Webster, “New Light on the Invisible College the Social Relations of English Science in the Mid-Seventeenth Century,” Transactions of the Royal Historical Society 24 (1974): 19-42.


Jürgen Klein, “Francis Bacon,” Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy, December 7, 2012, https://plato.stanford.edu/entries/francis-bacon/


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Francis Bacon, New Atlantis (1627), Reprint (Kessinger Publishing Company), 315, 323.


Jim Marrs, Rule by Secrecy: The Hidden History That Connects the Trilateral Commission, the Freemasons, and the Great Pyramids (New York: Harper Collins, 2000), 227-232, 266, 320.


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Ron Heisler, “John Dee and the Secret Societies,” The Hermetic Journal 46 (1992), http://alchemyfraternitas.ru/media/libra/kniga/46.pdf


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55. Ibid, “Address on Behalf of the National Association for the Promotion of Technical Education (1887),” The Huxley File, eds. Charles Blinderman and David Joyce (Clark University, 1998), https://mathcs.clarku.edu/huxley/CE3/ProtE.html


56. Leonard Huxley, Life and Letters of Thomas Henry Huxley Vol. I (London: MacMillan, 1900), 467.


57. Bentley Glass “Review: Four Early Giants of Biology at Johns Hopkins,” The Quarterly Review of Biology 68 no. 2 (1993): 239-242.


58. Neil Grauer, “The Six Who Built Hopkins,” Johns Hopkins Magazine, April 2000,

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60. Geoffrey Cocks, “Review: The International Eugenics Community,” Reviews in American History 22 no. 4 (1994): 674-678.


Kolson Schlosser, “Malthus at Mid-Century: Neo-Malthusianism as Bio-Political Governance in the Post-WWII United States,” Cultural Geographies 16 no. 4 (2009): 465-484.


Webster Griffin Tarpley and Anton Chaitkin, “Skull and Bones: The Racist Nightmare at Yale,” Fleshing Out Skull and Bones: Investigations into America’s Most Powerful Secret Society, ed. Kris Millegan (OR: Trine Day, 2003), 316.


61. Cyril Burt, “The Measurement of Intelligence by the Binet Tests,” Eugenics Review 6 no. 2 (1914), https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2987045/pdf/eugenrev00365-0044.pdf


Elizabeth S. Kite, “The Binet-Simon Measuring Scale for Intelligence: What It Is; What It Does; How It Does It; With a Brief Biography of its Authors, Alfred Binet and Dr. Thomas Simon” (Philadelphia: Committee on Provision for the Feeble-Minded, n.d.), http://bir.brandeis.edu/bitstream/handle/10192/28935/413%20p-5.pdf?sequence=1


Ludy T. Benjamin, “The Birth of American Intelligence Testing: This Psychologist Provided a Valuable Assessment Tool, but Also Gave Fodder to Eugenics Proponents, Who Led a Dark Chapter in American History,” Monitor on Psychology 40 no. 1 (2009), https://www.apa.org/monitor/2009/01/assessment.aspx


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63. Daphne Martschenko, “IQ Tests Have a Dark, Controversial History — but They're Finally Being Used for Good,” Business Insider, October 11, 2017, https://www.businessinsider.com/iq-tests-dark-history-finally-being-used-for-good-2017-10


J. David Smith, Minds Made Feeble: The Myth and Legacy of the Kallikaks, (Rockville, MD: Aspen, 1985), 41.


64. Davenport, Charles B. Heredity in Relation to Eugenics (New York: Henry Holt & Co., 1911), 65-66.


65. Fraser Nelson, “The Return of Eugenics: Researchers Don’t Like the Word – but They're Running ahead with the Idea, and Britain is at the Forefront,” The Spectator, April 2, 2016, https://www.spectator.co.uk/2016/04/the-return-of-eugenics/


“'Imbeciles' Explores Legacy Of Eugenics In America,” National Public Radio, February 26, 2016, https://www.npr.org/2016/02/26/468297940/imbeciles-explores-legacy-of-eugenics-in-america


66. Joella Straley, “It Took a Eugenicist to Come up with ‘Moron,’” National Public Radio, February 10, 2014, https://www.npr.org/sections/codeswitch/2014/02/10/267561895/it-took-a-eugenicist-to-come-up-with-moron


67. Victoria Brignell, “When America Believed in Eugenics,” New Statesman, December 10, 2010, https://www.newstatesman.com/society/2010/12/disabled-america-immigration


68. C. F. Arden-Close and Hugh Robert Mill, “Major Leonard Darwin,” Geographic Journal 101 no. 4 (1943): 172-177.


E. S. Gosney and Paul Popenoe, Sterilization for Human Betterment: A Summary of the Results of 6,000 Operations in California, 1909-1929(New York: Macmillan, 1931), xii, 8-9, 326-327.


69. J. David Smith, Minds Made Feeble: The Myth and Legacy of the Kallikaks, (Rockville, MD: Aspen, 1985), 41.


70. Michael Wehmeyer and J. David Smith, “Leaving the Garden: Henry Herbert Goddard’s Exodus from the Vineland Training School,” Mental Retardation 44 (2006): 150-155.


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71. Andrew P. Huddleston and Elizabeth C. Rockwell, “Assessment for the Masses: A Historical Critique of High-Stakes Testing in Reading,” Texas Journal of Literacy Education 3 no. 1 (2015): 38-49.


72. Paolo Lionni, The Leipzig Connection: The Systematic Destruction of American Education, Third Printing (Sheridan, OR: Delphian Press, 1988), 21-23.


73. United States, Congress, Office of Technology Assessment, Testing in American Schools: Asking the Right Questions (Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, February 1992),


Wayne Au, “Hiding Behind High-Stakes Testing: Meritocracy, Objectivity and Inequality in U.S. Education,” International Education Journal: Comparative Perspectives 12 no. 2 (2013): 7-19.


74. Joan Cook, “R. L. Thorndike, Psychologist, 79; Developed Scholastic-Ability Tests,” New York Times, September 25, 1990, https://www.nytimes.com/1990/09/25/obituaries/r-l-thorndike-psychologist-79-developed-scholastic-ability-tests.html


Jonathon Plucker, “R. L. Thorndike (1910-1990): Psychometrician,” Human Intelligence: Historical Influences, Current Controversies, Teaching Resources, April 29, 2018, https://www.intelltheory.com/rthorndike.shtml


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75. National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine, Mental Disorders and Disabilities among Low-Income Children (Washington, DC: National Academies Press, 2015), https://doi.org/10.17226/21780.


76. Ohio Department of Education, “Gifted Education: Gifted Screening and Identification,” accessed November 18, 2018, http://education.ohio.gov/Topics/Other-Resources/Gifted-Education/Gifted-Screening-and-Identification


77. Missouri Department of Elementary and Secondary Education, Gifted Education Program Guidelines, accessed November 18, 2018, https://dese.mo.gov/sites/default/files/qs-Gifted-Program-Guidelines-2017.pdf


78. Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, Gifted Education Guidelines (Pennsylvania Department of Education, May 2014), https://www.education.pa.gov/Documents/K-12/Gifted%20Education/Gifted%20Program%20Guidelines.pdf


79. Pearson, “Pearson 2011 Results,” News & Media: News Announcements, February 27, 2012, https://www.pearson.com/corporate/news/media/news-announcements/2012/02/pearson-2011-results.html


80. Valerie Strauss, “The Big Problems with Pearson’s New GED High School Equivalency Test,” Washington Post, July 9, 2015, https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/answer-sheet/wp/2015/07/09/the-big-problems-with-pearsons-new-ged-high-school-equivalency-test/?noredirect=on&utm_term=.bbe0c12d6878


81. Andrea Bergman, Grace Kong, and Alice Pope, “General Education Development (GED®) Credential Attainment, Externalizing Disorders, and Substance Use Disorders in Disconnected Emerging Adults,” Journal of Research and Practice for Adult Literacy, Secondary, and Basic Education 3 no. 2 (2014): 8-20.


82. Ibid.


83. Victor L. Hilts, “Obeying the Laws of Hereditary Descent: Phrenological Views on Inheritance and Eugenics,” Journal of the History of the Behavioral Sciences 18 (1982): 62-77.


84. Curators of the University of Missouri, “Controlling Heredity: The American Eugenics Crusade (1870-1940)—Origins of Eugenics,” Special Collections and Rare Books, March 16, 2012, https://library.missouri.edu/exhibits/eugenics/origins.htm


“Physiognomy and Economics: About Face—People’s Creditworthiness, It Seems, Can Be Seen in Their Looks,” The Economist, March 5, 2009, https://www.economist.com/science-and-technology/2009/03/05/about-face


85. J. Philippe Rushton and C. Davison Ankney, “Whole Brain Size and General Mental Ability: A Review,” International Journal of Neuroscience 119 no. 5 (2009): 691-731.


86. Ibid.


87. Emily Jashinski, “At Harvard, Charles Murray Proves the Value of Campus Lectures,” Washington Examiner, September 8, 2017, https://www.washingtonexaminer.com/at-harvard-charles-murray-proves-the-value-of-campus-lectures


“NATO Chief, Former US Intelligence Director Among Bilderberg Elite,” RT,

https://www.rt.com/news/162128-bilderberg-attendee-list-released/


Steve Sailer, “What Does It Mean That Bilderberg Hasn't Brought Macron Back?,” Unz Review: An Alternative Media Selection, April 26, 2017, http://www.unz.com/isteve/what-does-it-mean-that-bilderberg-hasnt-brought-macron-back/


88. “Prince Bernhard: German-Born Consort to Holland's Queen Whose Life Embraced Triumph - and Scandal,” The Guardian, December 2, 2004, https://www.theguardian.com/news/2004/dec/03/guardianobituaries.monarchy

Daniel Estulin, The True Story of The Bilderberg Group (Walterville, OR: Trine Day, 2007), 1, 19-20.


89. Richard J. Herrnstein and Charles Murray, The Bell Curve: Intelligence and Class Structure in American Life (New York: Simon and Schuster, 1994), 272-280.


90. Charles Murray, interview by Sam Harris, “#73 – Forbidden Knowledge: A Conversation with Charles Murray,” Sam Harris Podcast, April 22, 2017, https://samharris.org/podcasts/forbidden-knowledge/


Ezra Klein, “The Sam Harris Debate: Ezra and Sam Harris Debate Race, IQ, Identity Politics, and Much More,” Vox, April 9, 2018, https://www.vox.com/2018/4/9/17210248/sam-harris-ezra-klein-charles-murray-transcript-podcast


Graeme Wood, “The Atheist Who Strangled Me: In Which Sam Harris Teaches Me Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu and Explains Why Violence Is Like Rebirth,” The Atlantic, May 2013, https://www.theatlantic.com/magazine/archive/2013/05/the-atheist-who-strangled-me/309292/


91. Sam Harris, "About Sam Harris,” accessed November 19, 2018, https://samharris.org/about/


92. Charles Murray, interview by Stefan Molyneux, “The Bell Curve: IQ, Race and Gender,” Freedomain Radio Podcast, September 14, 2015, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6lsa_97KIlc


Freedomain Radio, “About,” accessed November 19, 2018, https://freedomainradio.com/about/


93. Anne C. Krendl, “Jordan Peterson: Linking Myth to Psychology,” Harvard Crimson, April 26, 1995, https://www.thecrimson.com/article/1995/4/26/jordan-peterson-pharvard-students-may-know/?page=single


Jordan Peterson, “About Jordan Peterson,” accessed November 19, 2018, https://jordanbpeterson.com/about/


Ibid, “On the So-Called ‘Jewish Question,” Jordan Peterson Blog, accessed November 19, 2018, https://jordanbpeterson.com/psychology/on-the-so-called-jewish-question/


Ibid, interview by Stefan Molyneux, Freedomain Radio Podcast, “The IQ Problem,” accessed November 19, 2018, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=iF8F7tjmy_U


94. Ben Shapiro, “In Sacramento ‘Race and IQ’ Science Project Uproar, School and Teachers Failed,” The Sacramento Bee, February 14, 2018, https://www.sacbee.com/opinion/california-forum/article199889049.html


Ibid, interview by Michael Kirk, “Trump’s Show Down: Ben Shapiro of the Daily Wire,” Frontline, March 24, 2017, https://www.pbs.org/wgbh/frontline/interview/ben-shapiro/


Kaitlyn Schallhorn, “Ben Shapiro: Who Is He, and Why Is He So Controversial,” Fox News, September 18, 2017, https://www.foxnews.com/us/ben-shapiro-who-is-he-and-why-is-he-so-controversial


95. Richard J. Herrnstein and Charles Murray, The Bell Curve: Intelligence and Class Structure in American Life (New York: Simon and Schuster, 1994), 1-2, 14-15, 26, 284.


96. Theodor M. Porter, “Karl Pearson: British Mathematician,” Encyclopedia Britannica, accessed November 20, 2018, https://www.britannica.com/biography/Karl-Pearson


97. Bernard J. Norton, “Karl Pearson and Statistics: The Social Origins of Scientific Innovation” Social Studies of Science 8 no. 1 (1978): 3-34.


Cera R. Lawrence, “Francis Galton (1822-1911),” The Embryo Project Encyclopedia at Arizona State University April 6, 2011, https://embryo.asu.edu/pages/francis-galton-1822-1911


E. S. Pearson, “Karl Pearson: An Appreciation of His Life and Work (Part I: 1857-1906),” Biometrika 28 (1936): 193-248.


Samuel S. Wilks, “Karl Pearson: Founder of the Science of Statistics,” The Scientific Monthly 53 no. 3 (1941): 249-253.


98. Richard J. Herrnstein and Charles Murray, The Bell Curve: Intelligence and Class Structure in American Life (New York: Simon and Schuster, 1994), 2-3, 15.


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99. Gillian Sutherland and Stephen Sharp, “‘The Fust Official Psychologist in the Wurrld’: Aspects of the Professionalization of Psychology in Early Twentieth Century Britain,” History of Science 18 (1980): 181-208.


100. Editors of the Encyclopedia Britannica, “Sir Cyril Burt: British Psychologist,” Encyclopedia Britannica, accessed November, 20, 2018, https://www.britannica.com/biography/Cyril-Burt


101. Cyril Burt, “Intelligence and Fertility: The Effect of the Differential Birthrate on Inborn Mental Characteristics,” Occasional Papers on Eugenics No. 2 (London: Eugenics Society, 1948).


Richard J. Herrnstein and Charles Murray, The Bell Curve: Intelligence and Class Structure in American Life (New York: Simon and Schuster, 1994), 11, 12, 14, 16.


102. Ibid, 5-6, 241.

103. Ibid, 346.


Rebecca Messall, “The Long Road of Eugenics: From Rockefeller to Roe v. Wade,” Human Life Review 30 no. 4 (2004): 59.


104. Ibid.


Barry Mehler, “Eliminating the Inferior: American and Nazi Sterilization Programs,” Science for the People (1987): 14-18, https://ferris-pages.org/ISAR/archives/eliminating-inferior.htm


Dudley Kirk, “The Future of Human Heredity, an Introduction to Eugenics in Modern Society By Frederick Osborn (Review),” Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 13 no. 1 (Johns Hopkins University Press, 1969): 125-126.


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105. Claude Moore Health Sciences Library, “Eugenics: Three Generations, No Imbeciles: Virginia, Eugenics, and Buck v. Bell,” Claude Moore Health Sciences Library: Historical Collections Department, accessed January 9, 2012. http://www.hsl.virginia.edu/historical/eugenics/


Richard J. Herrnstein and Charles Murray, The Bell Curve: Intelligence and Class Structure in American Life (New York: Simon and Schuster, 1994), 5.


106. Oliver Wendell Holmes, Buck v. Bell, 274 US 200 (1927), quoted in Claude Moore Health Sciences Library, “Eugenics: Three Generations, No Imbeciles: Virginia, Eugenics, and Buck v. Bell,” Claude Moore Health Sciences Library: Historical Collections Department, accessed January 9, 2012. http://www.hsl.virginia.edu/historical/eugenics/


107. Richard J. Herrnstein and Charles Murray, The Bell Curve: Intelligence and Class Structure in American Life (New York: Simon and Schuster, 1994), 10, 842.


108. J. David Smith, Minds Made Feeble: The Myth and Legacy of the Kallikaks (Rockville, MD: Aspen, 1985), 178-179.


Nobel Media, “The Nobel Prize in Physics 1956: William B. Shockley Biographical,” The Nobel Prize, accessed November 20, 2018, https://www.nobelprize.org/prizes/physics/1956/shockley/biographical/


Scott Rosenberg, “Silicon Valley’s First Founder Was Its Worst,” Wired Magazine, July 19, 2017, https://www.wired.com/story/silicon-valleys-first-founder-was-its-worst/


109. William Shockley, “Sterilization – A Thinking Exercise,” Eugenics: Then and Now, ed. C. Bajema (New York: Halsted Press, 1976), quoted in J. David Smith, Minds Made Feeble: The Myth and Legacy of the Kallikaks (Rockville, MD: Aspen, 1985), 177.


110. Ibid, interview by S. Jones, Playboy (1980), quoted in J. David Smith, Minds Made Feeble: The Myth and Legacy of the Kallikaks (Rockville, MD: Aspen, 1985), 181.


111. Kat Eschner, “The “Nobel Prize Sperm Bank” Was Racist. It Also Helped Change the Fertility Industry,” Smithsonian Magazine, June 9, 2017, https://www.smithsonianmag.com/smart-news/nobel-prize-sperm-bank-was-racist-it-also-helped-change-fertility-industry-180963569/


112. David Plotz, “The ‘Genius Babies,’ and How They Grew,” Slate, February 8, 2001, https://slate.com/human-interest/2001/02/the-genius-babies-and-how-they-grew.html


J. David Smith, Minds Made Feeble: The Myth and Legacy of the Kallikaks (Rockville, MD: Aspen, 1985), 178-179.


Michael J. Sandal, “The Case Against Designer Perfection: What's Wrong with Designer Children, Bionic Athletes, and Genetic Engineering,” The Atlantic, April 2004, https://www.theatlantic.com/magazine/archive/2004/04/the-case-against-perfection/302927/


113. National Marriage Project, “About: History,” accessed November 20, 2018, http://nationalmarriageproject.org/about/


114. Jill Lepore, “Fixed: The Rise of Marriage Therapy, and Other Dreams of Human Betterment,”


115. Laura Smith, “In the 1920s, This Man Brought Marriage Counseling to America to Save the White Race: Paul Popenoe Wanted to Make Sure the ‘Right’ Couples Stayed Together,” Timeline, September 14, 2017, https://timeline.com/popenoe-eugenics-marriage-counseling-faa8aacb0f3d


116. Richard J. Herrnstein and Charles Murray, The Bell Curve: Intelligence and Class Structure in American Life (New York: Simon and Schuster, 1994), 842.


117. Ibid, 272-274, 289, 359, 565, 566.


Richard Lynn, “Home: Richard Lynn—Professor Emeritus, University of Ulster,” accessed November 21, 2018, http://www.rlynn.co.uk/


118. Lisa Raffensperger, “How Adding Iodine to Salt Boosted Americans’ IQ,” Discover Magazine, July 23, 2013, http://blogs.discovermagazine.com/crux/2013/07/23/how-adding-iodine-to-salt-boosted-americans-iq/#.W_WhZbpFxlZ


Richard J. Herrnstein and Charles Murray, The Bell Curve: Intelligence and Class Structure in American Life (New York: Simon and Schuster, 1994), 273, 307-308, 348.


119. Ibid, 832-833.

120. Ibid, 307-309, 346-347, 391, 397, 422.


Karl S. Kruszelnicki, “The Flynn Effect: Your Kids Are Smarter Than You,” Australian Broadcasting Corporation, March 12, 2014, http://www.abc.net.au/science/articles/2014/03/12/3961513.htm


Lisa Trahan, Karla K. Stuebing, Merril K. Hiscock, and Jack M. Fletcher, “The Flynn Effect: A Meta-Analysis,” Psychological Bulletin, 140(5), 1332-1360.

121. Manfred F. Greiffenstein, “Secular IQ Increases by Epigenesis? The Hypothesis of Cognitive Genotype Optimization,” Psychological Reports 109 no. 2 (2011): 353-366.


Tom Chivers, “The Flynn Effect: Are We Really Getting Smarter?,” The Telegraph, October 31, 2014, https://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/science/science-news/11200900/The-Flynn-effect-are-we-really-getting-smarter.html


122. Noam, “The Cherry Picked Science in Vox’s Charles Murray Article,” Medium, May 18, 2017, https://medium.com/@houstoneuler/the-cherry-picked-science-in-voxs-charles-murray-article-bd534a9c4476


123. James Flynn, interview by Herrick, “10 Questions for James Flynn,” Gene Expressions, December 5, 2007, http://www.gnxp.com/new/2007/12/05/10-questions-for-james-flynn/


124. Byron M. Roth, “Why Are Jews so Successful?: Review of Richard Lynn’s The Chosen People: A Study of Jewish Intelligence and Achievement,” American Renaissance, November 2011, https://www.amren.com/features/2011/11/the-chosen-people/


125. James R. Flynn and William T. Dickens, “Heritability Estimates Versus Large Environmental Effects: The IQ Paradox Resolved,” Brookings Institution, April 1, 2001, https://www.brookings.edu/articles/heritability-estimates-versus-large-environmental-effects-the-iq-paradox-resolved/


126. J. Phillipe Rushton “Richard Lynn’s The Global Bell Curve—The Explanation That Fits the Facts,” American Renaissance, June 16, 2008, https://www.amren.com/news/2008/06/richard_lynns_t/


127. Richard Lynn, Race Differences in Intelligence: An Evolutionary Analysis (Augusta, GA: Washington Summit Publishers, 2006): 25.


128. Peter Wilby, “Beyond the Flynn effect: New Myths about Race, Family and IQ?,” The Guardian: US Edition, September 27, 2016, https://www.theguardian.com/education/2016/sep/27/james-flynn-race-iq-myths-does-your-family-make-you-smarter


129. Richard Lynn, Race Differences in Intelligence: An Evolutionary Analysis (Augusta, GA: Washington Summit Publishers, 2006): 110-160.


Ronald Bailey, “Closing the Black/White IQ Gap?: James Flynn and Charles Murray Search for a Solution,” Reason, December 1, 2006, https://reason.com/archives/2006/12/01/closing-the-black-white-iq-gap


130. James Thompson, “Richard Lynn’s Contributions to Personality and Intelligence,” Personality and Individual Difference 53 no. 2 (2012): 157-161.


131. J. Phillippe Rushton, “Life History Theory and Race Differences: An Appreciation of Richard Lynn’s Contributions to Science,” Personality and Individual Differences 53 no. 2 (2012): 85-89.


132. Richard Lynn, Eugenics: A Reassessment (Westport, CT: Praeger, 2001): 213.


133. Ibid, 198.


134. Ibid, interview by Stefan Molyneux, “Race Genetics and Intelligence,” Freedomain Radio Podcast, July 2, 2016, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=MxXPA9ZnDCc


135. “Ulster University Withdraws Status from Prof Richard Lynn,” BBC, April 14, 2018, https://www.bbc.com/news/uk-northern-ireland-43768132


136. Debra Viadero, “Black-White Gap in IQ Scores Closing, Study Finds,” Education Week, June 21, 2006, https://www.edweek.org/ew/articles/2006/06/21/42iq_web.h25.html


137. “Brainier Mums Needed to Maintain Future Generations' Intelligence, Says Professor,” New Zealand Herald, July 8, 2007, https://www.nzherald.co.nz/nz/news/article.cfm?c_id=1&objectid=10450313


138. David Loughrey, “Academic in Hot Water over Remarks,” Otago Daily Times, July 9, 2007, https://web.archive.org/web/20070928205802/http:/www.odt.co.nz/article.php?refid=2007%2C07%2C09%2C1%2C00101%2C6ab28590335842ab78ad5a8ec415d749&sect=0


139. Ibid.


140. Paul R. Ehrlich, The Population Bomb (Binghamton, NY: Ballantine, 1968), 135-136.

Paul R. Ehrlich, John P. Holdren And Anne H. Ehrlich, Ecoscience Population, Resources, Environment (New York: W. H. Freeman, 1977): 786, 787-788.


141. John Allemang, “Philippe Rushton, professor who pushed limits with race studies, dead at 68,” The Globe and Mail, May 2, 2018, https://www.theglobeandmail.com/news/national/philippe-rushton-professor-who-pushed-limits-with-race-studies-dead-at-68/article4901806/


Richard J. Herrnstein and Charles Murray, The Bell Curve: Intelligence and Class Structure in American Life (New York: Simon and Schuster, 1994), 563-564, 666-667.


142. Ibid, 9-10, 13, 15, 283-284, 302-304, 308, 561.


Dara Tom, “In Memoriam: Arthur R. Jensen—Professor of Education, Emeritus, UC Berkeley (1923-2012),” Communications & Public Relations Committee on Memorial Resolutions: UC Berkeley Graduate School of Education, accessed November 21, 2018, https://senate.universityofcalifornia.edu/_files/inmemoriam/html/ArthurR.Jensen.html


143. Richard J. Herrnstein and Charles Murray, The Bell Curve: Intelligence and Class Structure in American Life (New York: Simon and Schuster, 1994), 846.


144. Canadian Psychological Association, “CPA Awards: CPA Fellows,” https://www.cpa.ca/aboutcpa/cpaawards/fellows


145. J. Phillippe Rushton, Race, Evolution, and Behavior: A Life History Perspective, 2nd Special Abridged Ed. (Ontario: University of Western Ontario, 2000).


146. Southern Poverty Law Center, “Jean-Philippe Rushton—About Jean-Philippe Rushton: In His Own Words,” SPLC, accessed November 21, 2018, https://www.splcenter.org/fighting-hate/extremist-files/individual/jean-philippe-rushton


147. J. Phillipe Rushton “Richard Lynn’s The Global Bell Curve—The Explanation That Fits the Facts,” American Renaissance, June 16, 2008, https://www.amren.com/news/2008/06/richard_lynns_t/


148. Matthew Yglesias, “Racists Polluting My Race Science!,” The Atlantic, November 30, 2007, https://www.theatlantic.com/politics/archive/2007/11/racists-polluting-my-race-science/47202/


149. The Pioneer Fund, “A Brief History of the Pioneer Fund,” July 18, 2013, https://web.archive.org/web/20130719051934/http:/www.thepioneerfund.org/


150. Edward Burmila, “Scientific Racism Isn’t ‘Back’—It Never Went Away,” The Nation, April 6, 2018, https://www.thenation.com/article/scientific-racism-isnt-back-it-never-went-away/


151. Adam Miller, “The Pioneer Fund: Bankrolling the Professors of Hate,” The Journal of Blacks in Higher Education, 6 (1994): 58-61.


152. Colleen Flaherty, “Pioneering Eugenics in 2018?: University of Arizona Psychologist Is under Scrutiny for Taking Money from an Organization Founded to Support Research in Eugenics,” Inside Higher Ed, September 10, 2018, https://www.insidehighered.com/news/2018/09/10/arizona-psychologist-faces-scrutiny-grants-organization-founded-support-research


Lesley Ciarula Taylor, “J. Philippe Rushton, author of controversial essay on race and brain size, dies at 68,” The Toronto Star, October 5, 2012, https://www.thestar.com/news/obituaries/2012/10/05/j_philippe_rushton_author_of_controversial_essay_on_race_and_brain_size_dies_at_68.html


153. Adam Miller, “The Pioneer Fund: Bankrolling the Professors of Hate,” The Journal of Blacks in Higher Education, 6 (1994): 58-61.


154. Dennis Roddy, “Weird Science,” Pittsburgh Post-Gazette, January 25, 2009, http://www.post-gazette.com/dennis-roddy/2005/01/30/Weird-Science/stories/200501300217


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155. Rachel Gur-Arie, “American Eugenics Society (1926-1972),” Embryo Project Encyclopedia at Arizona State University, November 22, 2011, https://embryo.asu.edu/pages/american-eugenics-society-1926-1972


Stefan Kühl, The Nazi Connection: Eugenics, American Racism, and German National Socialism (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1994), 5-6.


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156. Adam Miller, “The Pioneer Fund: Bankrolling the Professors of Hate,” The Journal of Blacks in Higher Education, 6 (1994): 58-61.


157. Richard J. Herrnstein and Charles Murray, The Bell Curve: Intelligence and Class Structure in American Life (New York: Simon and Schuster, 1994), 826-827.


158. Michael Billig, Psychology, Racism, and Fascism (Searchlight, 1979), accessed November 21, 2018, http://www.psychology.uoguelph.ca/faculty/winston/papers/billig/billig.html


159. Stefan Kühl, The Nazi Connection: Eugenics, American Racism, and German National Socialism (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1994), 139.


160. Southern Poverty Law Center, “Arthur Jensen—About Arthur Jensen: In His Own Words,” SPLC, accessed November 21, 2018, https://www.splcenter.org/fighting-hate/extremist-files/individual/arthur-jensen


161. Arthur Jensen, interview by American Renaissance, “A Conversation with Arthur Jensen,” American Renaissance, October 29, 2012, https://www.amren.com/news/2012/10/arthur-jensen-has-died/


162. University of Delaware, “Linda S. Gottfredson,” School of Education: College of Education and Human Development, accessed November 21, 2018, https://www1.udel.edu/educ/gottfredson/reprints/


163. Richard J. Herrnstein and Charles Murray, The Bell Curve: Intelligence and Class Structure in American Life (New York: Simon and Schuster, 1994), 321, 820.


164. Jack Anderson and Dale Van Atta, “Pioneer Fund’s Controversial Projects,” Washington Post, November 16, 1989, https://www.washingtonpost.com/archive/lifestyle/1989/11/16/pioneer-funds-controversial-projects/0f05cde6-6586-462d-acfa-cfd3ae65567e/?noredirect=on&utm_term=.961d06366fdf


Ron Kaufman, “U. Delaware Reaches Accord On Race Studies,” The Scientist, July 6, 1992, https://www.the-scientist.com/news/u-delaware-reaches-accord-on-race-studies-60023


165. Adam Miller, “The Pioneer Fund: Bankrolling the Professors of Hate,” The Journal of Blacks in Higher Education, 6 (1994): 58-61.


166. Linda S. Gottfredson, “Mainstream Science on Intelligence: An Editorial with 52 Signatories, History, and Bibliography,” Intelligence 24 no. 1 (1997): 13-23.


167. David F. Lohman, “Lessons from the History of Intelligence Testing,” International Journal of Educational Research 27 (2003): 1-20.


Joan Cook, “R. L. Thorndike, Psychologist, 79; Developed Scholastic-Ability Tests,” New York Times, September 25, 1990, https://www.nytimes.com/1990/09/25/obituaries/r-l-thorndike-psychologist-79-developed-scholastic-ability-tests.html


168. Richard J. Herrnstein and Charles Murray, The Bell Curve: Intelligence and Class Structure in American Life (New York: Simon and Schuster, 1994), 853.


169. Linda S. Gottfredson, “Mainstream Science on Intelligence: An Editorial with 52 Signatories, History, and Bibliography,” Intelligence 24 no. 1 (1997): 13-23.


170. Ibid.


171. Ibid, interview by Stefan Molyneux, “Race, Evolution, and Intelligence,” Freedomain Radio Podcast, December 19, 2015, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=CZPsXYo7gpc


172. University of Delaware, “Welcome to the Homepage of Linda S. Gottfredson: Curriculum Vitae and Publications—Syllabi for Current and Recent Courses,” School of Education: College of Education and Human Development, accessed November 21, 2018, https://www1.udel.edu/educ/gottfredson/


173. Ibid.


174. Charles Murray, “Are Too Many People Going to College?,” American Enterprise Institute September 8, 2008, http://www.aei.org/publication/are-too-many-people-going-to-college-2/


175. Ibid.

176. Ibid.


177. Charles Murray, Peter Thiel, Henry Bienen, Vivek Wadhwa, and John Donvan, “Too Many Kids Go to College,” (panel discussion at Intelligence Squared U.S. Debate, Chicago, October 12, 2011), https://www.intelligencesquaredus.org/sites/default/files/pdf/transcript-too-many-kids-go-to-college-our-first-debate-in-chicago.pdf


178. B. F. Skinner, The Technology of Teaching (New York: Appleton-Century-Crofts, 1968), 243.


179. Ibid, 240.

180. Ibid, 75.

181. Ibid, 76-78.


182. Jay L. Zagorsky, “Do You Have to Be Smart to Be Rich? The Impact of IQ on Wealth, Income and Financial Distress,” Intelligence 35 no. 5 (2007): 489-501.


183. Ibid.


184. Francis Galton, Hereditary Genius: An Inquiry into Its Laws and Consequences (New York: MacMillan and Co., 1869), 1.


185. Nicholas Jenkins, “Sir Charles Galton Darwin KBE MC FRS (I7761),” W. H. Auden: “Family Ghosts” (Stanford University, 2008), accessed January 3, 2012, http://www.stanford.edu/group/auden/cgi-bin/auden/individual.php?pid=I7761&ged=auden-bicknell.ged


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Thomas G. Blaney, “The Chief Sea Lion Among Other Wild Animals: Charles Galton Darwin and the Eugenics Movement,” The Galton Institute Newsletter, 53 (2004), http://www.galtoninstitute.org.uk/Newsletters/GINL0412/chief_sea_lion.htm


Tim M. Berra, Gonzalo Alvarez, and Kate Shannon, “The Galton-Darwin-Wedgwood Pedigree of H. H. Laughlin,” Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 101 (2010): 228-241.


186. Aldous Huxley, “A Note on Eugenics,” Aldous Huxley: Complete Essays (Volume II: 1926-1929), eds. Robert S. Baker and James Sexton (Chicago: Ivan R. Dee, 2000), 283.


187. Joseph A. Schwartz, “Socioeconomic Status as a Moderator of the Genetic and Shared Environmental Influence on Verbal IQ: A Multilevel Behavioral Genetic Approach,” Intelligence 52 (2015): 80-89.


188. Jelte M. Wicherts, “The Impact of Papers Published in Intelligence 1977–2007 and an Overview of the Citation Classics,” Intelligence 37 no. 5 (2009): 443-446.


189. Eslevier, “Intelligence Editorial Board,” July 29, 2012, https://web.archive.org/web/20120729121146/https:/www.journals.elsevier.com/intelligence/editorial-board


190. Angela Saini, “Racism Is Creeping Its Way Back into Mainstream Science—We Have to Stop It,” The Guardian: US, January 22, 2018, Edition, https://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2018/jan/22/eugenics-racism-mainstream-science


191. Elsevier, “Journals: Intelligence—Editorial Board,” accessed November 21, 2018, https://www.journals.elsevier.com/intelligence/editorial-board


192. Common Ground Scholar, “Home: Collections,” accessed November 21, 2018, https://cgscholar.com/


193. Bill Cope and Mary Kalantzis, “Sources of Evidence-of-Learning: Learning and Assessment in the Era of Big Data,” Open Review of Educational Research 2 no. 1 (2015): 194-217.


194. Antonio Regalado, “DNA Tests for IQ Are Coming, but It Might Not Be Smart to Take One: Scientists Have Linked Hundreds of Genes to Intelligence. One Psychologist Says It’s Time to Test School Kids,” MIT Technology Review, April 2, 2018, https://www.technologyreview.com/s/610339/dna-tests-for-iq-are-coming-but-it-might-not-be-smart-to-take-one/


195. Lydia Ramsey, “Lawmakers Are Asking DNA-Testing Companies about Their Privacy Policies — Here's What You Should Know When Taking Genetics Tests Like 23andMe or AncestryDNA,” Business Insider, June 21, 2018, https://www.businessinsider.com/privacy-considerations-for-dna-tests-23andme-ancestry-helix-2017-12


196. Ibid.


197. Ibid, “23andMe Is Getting Serious about Drug Development — and It Could Signal a Fresh Approach to Finding New Medicines,” Business Insider, September 17, 2017, https://www.businessinsider.com/why-23andme-is-developing-drugs-based-on-its-data-2017-9


198. Cornelius A. Rietveld, Dalton Conley, Nicholas Eriksson, Tõnu Esko, Sarah E. Medland, Anna A.E. Vinkhuyzen, Jian Yang, Jason D. Boardman, Christopher F. Chabris, Christopher T. Dawes, Benjamin W. Domingue, David A. Hinds, Magnus Johannesson, Amy K. Kiefer, David Laibson, Patrik K. E. Magnusson, Joanna L. Mountain, Sven Oskarsson, Olga Rostapshova, Alexander Teumer, Joyce Y. Tung, Peter M. Visscher, Daniel J. Benjamin, David Cesarini, Philipp D. Koellinger, and the Social Science Genetic Association Consortium, “Replicability and Robustness of GWAS for Behavioral Traits,” Psychological Sciences 25 no. 11 (2014): 1975-1986.


199. Robin Smith, “Ten Percent Inspiration, Ninety Percent Perspiration (and Sixty Percent Genetics),” 23andMe Blog, October 16, 2014, https://blog.23andme.com/23andme-research/ten-percent-inspiration-ninety-percent-perspiration-and-sixty-percent-genetics/


200. Scott H., “Back to School Smarts and Genetics,” 23andMe Blog, August 30, 2012, https://blog.23andme.com/health-traits/back-to-school-smarts-and-genetics/

201. Aleks Eror, “China Is Engineering Genius Babies,” Vice, March 15, 2013, https://www.vice.com/en_us/article/5gw8vn/chinas-taking-over-the-world-with-a-massive-genetic-engineering-program


Ed Yong, “Chinese Project Probes the Genetics of Genius: Bid to Unravel the Secrets of Brainpower Faces Skepticism,” Nature, May 14, 2013, https://www.nature.com/news/chinese-project-probes-the-genetics-of-genius-1.12985


202. Antonio Regalado, “DNA Tests for IQ Are Coming, but It Might Not Be Smart to Take One: Scientists Have Linked Hundreds of Genes to Intelligence. One Psychologist Says It’s Time to Test School Kids,” MIT Technology Review, April 2, 2018, https://www.technologyreview.com/s/610339/dna-tests-for-iq-are-coming-but-it-might-not-be-smart-to-take-one/


203. Elsevier, “Journals: Intelligence—Editorial Board,” accessed November 21, 2018, https://www.journals.elsevier.com/intelligence/editorial-board


204. Linda S. Gottfredson, “Mainstream Science on Intelligence: An Editorial with 52 Signatories, History, and Bibliography,” Intelligence 24 no. 1 (1997): 13-23.


205. Richard J. Herrnstein and Charles Murray, The Bell Curve: Intelligence and Class Structure in American Life (New York: Simon and Schuster, 1994), 842.


206. Antonio Regalado, “DNA Tests for IQ Are Coming, but It Might Not Be Smart to Take One: Scientists Have Linked Hundreds of Genes to Intelligence. One Psychologist Says It’s Time to Test School Kids,” MIT Technology Review, April 2, 2018, https://www.technologyreview.com/s/610339/dna-tests-for-iq-are-coming-but-it-might-not-be-smart-to-take-one/


207. Ibid.

208. Ibid.


209. Peter Wilby, “Psychologist on a Mission to Give Every Child a Learning Chip,” The Guardian: US Edition, February 18, 2014, https://www.theguardian.com/education/2014/feb/18/psychologist-robert-plomin-says-genes-crucial-education


210. Ibid.


211. Global Education Futures, “Global Education 2015-2035,” Global Education Futures Initiative, accessed November 23, 2018, https://www.edu2035.org/images/people/Future%20of%20Global%20Education%20Map%20(2014)-ilovepdf-compressed.pdf


212. Ibid.


213. Matthew Yglesias, “The Bell Curve Is about Policy. And It’s Wrong: Charles Murray Is an Incredibly Successful — and Pernicious — Policy Entrepreneur,” Vox, April 10, 2018, https://www.vox.com/2018/4/10/17182692/bell-curve-charles-murray-policy-wrong


214. Nina J. Easton, “Book That Links Low IQ to Race, Poverty Fuels Debate : Race: Authors Say Genetics along with Environment account for Intelligence-Test Gap between Whites, Blacks,” Los Angeles Times, October 30, 1994, http://articles.latimes.com/1994-10-30/news/mn-56688_1_iq-test


215. “Heir Conditioned,” Times of Higher Education, December 22, 1995, https://www.timeshighereducation.com/news/heir-conditioned/96326.article#survey-answer


Peter Wilby, “Psychologist on a Mission to Give Every Child a Learning Chip,” The Guardian: US Edition, February 18, 2014, https://www.theguardian.com/education/2014/feb/18/psychologist-robert-plomin-says-genes-crucial-education


216. University of Cambridge, “Has Intelligence Been Rising? A Lecture By James Flynn,” Psychometrics Centre News, October 5, 2013, https://www.psychometrics.cam.ac.uk/news/news.13


217. Peter Wilby, “Beyond the Flynn effect: New Myths about Race, Family and IQ?,” The Guardian: US Edition, September 27, 2016, https://www.theguardian.com/education/2016/sep/27/james-flynn-race-iq-myths-does-your-family-make-you-smarter


218. James Flynn, interview by Stefan Molyneux, “Human Intelligence: The Flynn Effect,” Freedomain Radio Podcast, February 25, 2015, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=rJ0W5Efp8N0


219. Ibid.


220. Christopher Lehmann-Haupt, “'What It Means to Be a Libertarian': Murray's Case Against Big Government,” New York Times Book Review, February 10, 1997, https://archive.nytimes.com/www.nytimes.com/books/97/02/09/daily/libertarian-book-review.html


221. Charles Murray, “A Guaranteed Income for Every American,” American Enterprise Institute, June 3, 2016, http://www.aei.org/publication/a-guaranteed-income-for-every-american/


222. Jathan Sadowski, “Why Silicon Valley Is Embracing Universal Basic Income,” The Guardian: US Edition, June 22, 2016, https://www.theguardian.com/technology/2016/jun/22/silicon-valley-universal-basic-income-y-combinator


223. Matthew Yglesias, “The Bell Curve Is about Policy. And It’s Wrong: Charles Murray Is an Incredibly Successful — and Pernicious — Policy Entrepreneur,” Vox, April 10, 2018, https://www.vox.com/2018/4/10/17182692/bell-curve-charles-murray-policy-wrong


“Why Murray's Big Idea Won't Work: Charles Murray Has an Intriguing Plan to Dismantle the Welfare State and Give Every Adult $10,000. Too Bad His Numbers Don't Add up,” The Atlantic, April 2006, https://www.theatlantic.com/magazine/archive/2006/04/why-murrays-big-idea-wont-work/304830/



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