Updated: Sep 3, 2020
Endnotes: Chapter 14
1. MITx and HarvardX Dataverse, The Presidents & Fellows of Harvard College, accessed November 8, 2018, https://dataverse.harvard.edu/dataverse/mxhx
2. Charles Darwin, On the Origin of Species by Means of Natural Selection: Or the Preservation of Favoured Races in the Struggle for Life (1859), Reprint (New York: Heritage Press, 1963), iii.
3. John Taylor Gatto, “Against School,” in Rereading America: Cultural Contexts for Critical Thinking and Writing, 9th edition, eds. Gary Colombo, Robert Cullen, Bonnie Lisle (Boston: Bedford/St. Martin’s, 2013), 147.
4. R. E. Fancher, “Scientific Cousins: The Relationship between Charles Darwin and Francis Galton,” American Journal of Psychology 64 no. 2 (2009): 84-92.
5. Francis Galton, Hereditary Genius: An Inquiry into Its Laws and Consequences (New York: MacMillan and Co., 1869), 1.
Ibid, Inquiries Into Human Faculty and Its Development (New York: Macmillan and Co., 1883), 24-25.
6. Anton Weiss-Wendt and Rory Yeomans, “Racial Science in Hitler's New Europe, 1938-1945,” University of Nebraska-Lincoln Digital Commons: University of Nebraska Press—Sample Books and Chapters (2013), https://digitalcommons.unl.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1190&context=unpresssamples
7. Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory, “Special Collections: Carnegie Institution of Washington,” CSHL Library and Archives, accessed November 18, 2018, http://library.cshl.edu/special-collections/carnegie-institution-of-washington
James Watson, “The Connection between American Eugenics and Nazi Germany,” CSHL DNA Learning Center: Preparing Students and Families to Thrive in the Gene Age, accessed November 18, 2018, https://www.dnalc.org/view/15466-The-
8. Andrea Alfano, “Good Genes, Bad Science,” Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory Newsstand, October 15, 2017, https://www.cshl.edu/good-genes-bad-science/
9. State of Indiana, “Historical Markers: 1907 Eugenics Law,” Indiana Historical Bureau, accessed November 18, 2018, https://www.in.gov/history/markers/524.htm
10. E. S. Gosney and Paul Popenoe, Sterilization for Human Betterment: A Summary of the Results of 6,000 Operations in California, 1909-1929(New York: Macmillan, 1931), xii.
11. Ibid, 116.
12. Nosmot Gbadamosi, “Human Exhibits and Sterilization: The Fate of Afro Germans under Nazis,” CNN, July 26, 2017, https://www.cnn.com/2017/07/21/world/black-during-the-holocaust-rhineland-children-film/index.html
13. Henry P. David, Jochen Fleischhacker, Charlotte Höhn, “Abortion and Eugenics in Nazi Germany,” Population and Development Review 14 no. 1 (1988): 81-112.
15. Sara Goer, “Eugenics,” Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy, July 2, 2014, https://plato.stanford.edu/entries/eugenics/
16. Adolph Hitler quoted in Otto Wagener, Hitler Memoirs of a Confidant, trans. Henry Ashby Turner (Yale University Press, 1987), quoted in Edwin Black, War Against the Weak: Eugenics and America’s Campaign to Create a Master Race (New York: Four Walls Eight Windows, 2003), 275-276.
Stefan Kühl, The Nazi Connection: Eugenics, American Racism, and German National Socialism (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1994), 85.
17. Edwin Black, War Against the Weak: Eugenics and America’s Campaign to Create a Master Race (New York: Four Walls Eight Windows, 2003).
18. Stefan Kühl, The Nazi Connection: Eugenics, American Racism, and German National Socialism (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1994).
19. Daniel Kevles, In the Name of Eugenics: Genetics and the Uses of Human Heredity (New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1985).
20. Edwin Black, War Against the Weak: Eugenics and America’s Campaign to Create a Master Race (New York: Four Walls Eight Windows, 2003), 425.
Galton Institute, “About,” Galton Institute: Exploring Human Heredity, accessed November 18, 2018, http://www.galtoninstitute.org.uk/about/
Michael Holland, Anselm Huelsbergen, Gary Cox, Alla Barabtarlo, Karen Witt, Erin Zellers, Amy Jones, and Kelli Hansen, Controlling Heredity: The American Eugenics Crusade: 1870 – 1940, The Missouri University Life Sciences and Society Program and the Missouri University Libraries' Special Collections and Rare Books, 5 May 2011, http://mulibraries.missouri.edu/specialcollections/exhibits/eugenics/
Rachel Gur-Arie, “American Eugenics Society (1926-1972),” Embryo Project Encyclopedia at Arizona State University, November 22, 2014, https://embryo.asu.edu/pages/american-eugenics-society-1926-1972
Stefan Kühl, The Nazi Connection: Eugenics, American Racism, and German National Socialism (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1994), 32.
21. John Timson, “Portraits of the Pioneers: Julian Huxley,” Galton Institute Newsletter 35 (1999), http://www.galtoninstitute.org.uk/Newsletters/GINL9912/julian_huxley.htm
22. Central Intelligence Agency, “Unclassified Document 20589596,” Nazi War Crimes Disclosure Act 2000, accessed November 26, 2018, https://www.cia.gov/library/readingroom/docs/WALDHEIM,%20KURT%20%20(DI)%20%20%20VOL.%201_0003.pdfhttps://www.cia.gov/library/readingroom/docs/WALDHEIM,%20KURT%20%20(DI)%20%20%20VOL.%201_0003.pdf
John Tagliabue, “File Show Kurt Waldheim Served under War Criminal,” New York Times, March 4, 1986, https://www.nytimes.com/1986/03/04/world/files-show-kurt-waldheim-served-under-war-criminal.html
United Nations, “United Nations Secretary-General: Kurt Waldheim,” accessed November, 18, 2018, https://www.un.org/sg/en/content/kurt-waldheim
23. Julian Huxley, UNESCO: Its Purpose and Its Philosophy (Washington D. C.: Public Affairs Press, 1948), 23.
24. Antony C. Sutton, America’s Secret Establishment: An Introduction to the Order of Skull and Bones, Updated Reprint, (Walterville, OR: Trine Day, 2002), 27.
25. Archibald MacLeish and Henri Bonnet, “Unesco,” Bulletin of the American Association of University Professors (1915-1955) 32 no. 4 (1946): 605-620.
UNESCO, “Our Relationship: UNESCO Sectors,” U.S. Mission to UNESCO, accessed November 18, 2018, https://unesco.usmission.gov/our-relationship/unesco-sectors/
26. Charles Darwin , The Autobiography of Charles Darwin: From the Life and Letters of Charles Darwin, ed. Francis Darwin (1892), quoted in John Toye, Keynes on Population (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2000), 59.
Ibid, The Descent of Man, and Selection in Relation to Sex (New York: Random House, 1936), 428.
Donald Gunn MacRae, “Thomas Malthus: English Economist and Demographer,” Encyclopedia Britannica, September 28, 2018, https://www.britannica.com/biography/Thomas-Malthus
Thomas Robert Malthus, “An Essay on the Principle of Population, as It Affects the Future Improvement of Society: With Remarks on the Speculations of Mr. Godwin, M. Condorcet, and Other Writers (1798),” On Populations: Thomas Robert Malthus, ed. Gertrude Himmelfarb (New York: Modern Library, 1960), 36.
27. J. Vernon Jensen, “Thomas Henry Huxley’s Address at the Opening of the Johns Hopkins University in September 1876,” Notes and Records of the Royal Society of London 47 no. 2 (1993): 257-269.
28. John Atkins, Aldous Huxley: A Literary Study (New York: Orion, 1956), 12.
Milton Birnbaum, Aldous Huxley's Quest for Values (Tennessee: U of Tennessee P, 1971), 5.
29. J. Vernon Jensen, “Thomas Henry Huxley’s Address at the Opening of the Johns Hopkins University in September 1876,” Notes and Records of the Royal Society of London 47 no. 2 (1993): 257-269.
30. Charles Blinderman and David Joyce, “Scientific Education,” The Huxley File (Clark University, 1998), https://mathcs.clarku.edu/huxley/guide11.html
31. William E. Friedman and Pamela K. Diggle, “Charles Darwin and the Origins of Plant Evolutionary Developmental Biology,” The Plant Cell: American Society of Plant Biologists, April 22, 2011, https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3101565/
32. Charles Blinderman and David Joyce, “Scientific Education,” The Huxley File (Clark University, 1998), https://mathcs.clarku.edu/huxley/guide11.html
33. Nicholas Boyle, “Johann Wolfgang von Goethe: German Author,” Encyclopedia Britannica, accessed November 18, 2018, https://www.britannica.com/biography/Johann-Wolfgang-von-Goethe
34. Thomas Henry Huxley, Aphorisms and Reflections from the Works of T. H. Huxley, ed. Henrietta A. Huxley (1908), Reprint (Gutenberg EBook, January 22, 2013), http://www.gutenberg.org/files/38097/38097-h/38097-h.htm
35. Robert Beachy, “Recasting Cosmopolitanism: German Freemasonry and Regional Identity in the Early Nineteenth Century,” Eighteenth Century Studies 33 no. 2 (2000): 266-274.
Rudolph Steiner and Marie Steiner-von Sivers, “The Temple Legend: Goethe and His Connections to Rosicrucianism,” (1906) Rudolph Steiner Archive & e.Library, January 15, 2013, https://wn.rsarchive.org/Lectures/GA093/English/RSP1985/TmpLeg_goethe.html
Rudolph Steiner, “Theosophy of the Rosicrucian: The New Form of Wisdom,” (1907) Rudolph Steiner Archive & e.Library, July 4, 2002,
Steven Bond, “‘R.C.’: Rosicrucianism and Cartesianism in Joyce and Beckett,” Miranda 4 (2011), https://journals.openedition.org/miranda/1939
36. Antony C. Sutton, America’s Secret Establishment: An Introduction to the Order of Skull and Bones, Updated Reprint (Walterville, OR: Trine Day, 2002), 79.
37. Leonard Huxley, Life and Letters of Thomas Henry Huxley Vol. I (London: MacMillan, 1900), 460-461.
38. Thomas Henry Huxley, Life and Letters of Thomas Henry Huxley Vol. I, ed. Leonard Huxley (London: MacMillan, 1900), 462, 463.
39. Ibid, 462.
40. Leonard Huxley, Life and Letters of Thomas Henry Huxley Vol. I (London: MacMillan, 1900), 36-37.
41. Ibid, ii.
42. Jessica McBride, “Prince Harry’s Hand Gesture: What Does It Mean?,” Heavy, December 4, 2017, https://heavy.com/news/2017/12/prince-harry-hand-gesture-illuminati-masonic-devil-photos/
Zhenya Gershman, “Rembrandt: Turn of the Key,” Arion: A Journal of the Humanities and the Classics at Boston University (2014), https://www.bu.edu/arion/files/2014/03/Gershman-web-version.pdf
43. Leonard Huxley, Life and Letters of Thomas Henry Huxley Vol. II (London: MacMillan, 1900), ii.
44. Charles Day, “The X Club: A Semi-Secret Society in the 19th Century Met to Discuss Science without Fear of Religious Persecution,” Physics Today, August 4, 2011, https://physicstoday.scitation.org/do/10.1063/PT.5.010137/full/
45. Ruth Barton, “X Club: British Science Organization,” Encyclopedia Britannica, accessed November 18, 2018, https://www.britannica.com/topic/X-Club
46. David Weinstein, “Herbert Spencer,” Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy, January 19, 2017, https://plato.stanford.edu/entries/spencer/
47. Royal Society, “About Us: History of the Royal Society,” accessed November 18, 2018, https://royalsociety.org/about-us/history/
Ruth Barton, “'An Influential Set of Chaps': The X-Club and Royal Society Politics 1864-85,” The British Journal for the History of Science 23 no. 1 (1990): 53-81.
48. Marie Boas Hall, “The Royal Society in Thomas Henry Huxley's Time,” Notes and Records of the Royal Society of London 38 no. (1984): 153-158.
49. Royal Botanic Gardens, “Sir Joseph Dalton Hooker (1817-1911),” Bulletin of Miscellaneous Information no. 1 (1912): 1-34.
50. Royal Society, “Picture Library: Portrait of William Spottiswoode,” accessed November 18, 2018, https://pictures.royalsociety.org/image-rs-9281
51. A. C. S., “Notes on the Foundation and History of the Royal Society,” Royal Society Publishing, accessed November 23, 2018, http://rsnr.royalsocietypublishing.org/content/roynotesrec/1/1/32.full.pdf.
52. Charles Webster, “New Light on the Invisible College the Social Relations of English Science in the Mid-Seventeenth Century,” Transactions of the Royal Historical Society 24 (1974): 19-42.
Jürgen Klein, “Francis Bacon,” Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy, December 7, 2012, https://plato.stanford.edu/entries/francis-bacon/
Princeton University Library, “Francis Bacon (1561-1626),” Historic Maps Collection—First X, Then Y, Now Z: Landmark Thematic Maps, accessed November 23, 2018, http://libweb5.princeton.edu/visual_materials/maps/websites/thematic-maps/bacon/bacon.html
53. Carole Jahme, “The Fantastic Dr Dee: Angels, Magic and the Birth of Modern Science,” The Guardian: US Edition, June 25, 2012, https://www.theguardian.com/science/2012/jun/25/fantastic-dr-dee-birth-modern-science
Francis Bacon, New Atlantis (1627), Reprint (Kessinger Publishing Company), 315, 323.
Jim Marrs, Rule by Secrecy: The Hidden History That Connects the Trilateral Commission, the Freemasons, and the Great Pyramids (New York: Harper Collins, 2000), 227-232, 266, 320.
Louisiana State University, “Occult Science & Philosophy in the Renaissance: Signs and Symbols,” LSU Hill Memorial Library: Special Collections, accessed November 23, 2018,
Ron Heisler, “John Dee and the Secret Societies,” The Hermetic Journal 46 (1992), http://alchemyfraternitas.ru/media/libra/kniga/46.pdf
Stephen A. McKnight, “Francis Bacon’s God,” The New Atlantis 10 (2005): 73-100.
54. Thomas Henry Huxley, “Letter to Charles Darwin, February 20, 1871,” The Huxley File, eds. Charles Blinderman and David Joyce (Clark University, 1998), https://mathcs.clarku.edu/huxley/letters/71.html#20feb1871
55. Ibid, “Address on Behalf of the National Association for the Promotion of Technical Education (1887),” The Huxley File, eds. Charles Blinderman and David Joyce (Clark University, 1998), https://mathcs.clarku.edu/huxley/CE3/ProtE.html
56. Leonard Huxley, Life and Letters of Thomas Henry Huxley Vol. I (London: MacMillan, 1900), 467.
57. Bentley Glass “Review: Four Early Giants of Biology at Johns Hopkins,” The Quarterly Review of Biology 68 no. 2 (1993): 239-242.
58. Neil Grauer, “The Six Who Built Hopkins,” Johns Hopkins Magazine, April 2000,
59. Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, “About Us: Department History,” Department of Physiology, accessed November 18, 2018, http://physiology.bs.jhmi.edu/about-us/
60. Geoffrey Cocks, “Review: The International Eugenics Community,” Reviews in American History 22 no. 4 (1994): 674-678.
Kolson Schlosser, “Malthus at Mid-Century: Neo-Malthusianism as Bio-Political Governance in the Post-WWII United States,” Cultural Geographies 16 no. 4 (2009): 465-484.
Webster Griffin Tarpley and Anton Chaitkin, “Skull and Bones: The Racist Nightmare at Yale,” Fleshing Out Skull and Bones: Investigations into America’s Most Powerful Secret Society, ed. Kris Millegan (OR: Trine Day, 2003), 316.
61. Cyril Burt, “The Measurement of Intelligence by the Binet Tests,” Eugenics Review 6 no. 2 (1914), https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2987045/pdf/eugenrev00365-0044.pdf
Elizabeth S. Kite, “The Binet-Simon Measuring Scale for Intelligence: What It Is; What It Does; How It Does It; With a Brief Biography of its Authors, Alfred Binet and Dr. Thomas Simon” (Philadelphia: Committee on Provision for the Feeble-Minded, n.d.), http://bir.brandeis.edu/bitstream/handle/10192/28935/413%20p-5.pdf?sequence=1
Ludy T. Benjamin, “The Birth of American Intelligence Testing: This Psychologist Provided a Valuable Assessment Tool, but Also Gave Fodder to Eugenics Proponents, Who Led a Dark Chapter in American History,” Monitor on Psychology 40 no. 1 (2009), https://www.apa.org/monitor/2009/01/assessment.aspx
62. Stanford-Binet Test, “History of the Stanford-Binet Test,” accessed November 18, 2018, https://stanfordbinettest.com/history-stanford-binet-test
63. Daphne Martschenko, “IQ Tests Have a Dark, Controversial History — but They're Finally Being Used for Good,” Business Insider, October 11, 2017, https://www.businessinsider.com/iq-tests-dark-history-finally-being-used-for-good-2017-10
J. David Smith, Minds Made Feeble: The Myth and Legacy of the Kallikaks, (Rockville, MD: Aspen, 1985), 41.
64. Davenport, Charles B. Heredity in Relation to Eugenics (New York: Henry Holt & Co., 1911), 65-66.
65. Fraser Nelson, “The Return of Eugenics: Researchers Don’t Like the Word – but They're Running ahead with the Idea, and Britain is at the Forefront,” The Spectator, April 2, 2016, https://www.spectator.co.uk/2016/04/the-return-of-eugenics/
“'Imbeciles' Explores Legacy Of Eugenics In America,” National Public Radio, February 26, 2016, https://www.npr.org/2016/02/26/468297940/imbeciles-explores-legacy-of-eugenics-in-america
66. Joella Straley, “It Took a Eugenicist to Come up with ‘Moron,’” National Public Radio, February 10, 2014, https://www.npr.org/sections/codeswitch/2014/02/10/267561895/it-took-a-eugenicist-to-come-up-with-moron
67. Victoria Brignell, “When America Believed in Eugenics,” New Statesman, December 10, 2010, https://www.newstatesman.com/society/2010/12/disabled-america-immigration
68. C. F. Arden-Close and Hugh Robert Mill, “Major Leonard Darwin,” Geographic Journal 101 no. 4 (1943): 172-177.
E. S. Gosney and Paul Popenoe, Sterilization for Human Betterment: A Summary of the Results of 6,000 Operations in California, 1909-1929(New York: Macmillan, 1931), xii, 8-9, 326-327.
69. J. David Smith, Minds Made Feeble: The Myth and Legacy of the Kallikaks, (Rockville, MD: Aspen, 1985), 41.
70. Michael Wehmeyer and J. David Smith, “Leaving the Garden: Henry Herbert Goddard’s Exodus from the Vineland Training School,” Mental Retardation 44 (2006): 150-155.
Sara S. Sparrow, Domenic V. Cicchetti, and Celine A. Saulnier, “Vineland Adaptive Behavior Scales, Third Edition (Vineland-3),” Pearson: Clinical Assessment, accessed November 18, 2018, https://www.pearsonclinical.com.au/products/view/580
Sara S. Sparrow, Domenic V. Cicchetti, and David A. Balla, “Vineland Adaptive Behavior Scales, Second Edition (Vineland™-II),” Pearson Education: Clinical Psychology, accessed November 18, 2018, https://www.pearsonclinical.com/psychology/products/100000668/vineland-adaptive-behavior-scales-second-edition-vineland-ii-vineland-ii.html
71. Andrew P. Huddleston and Elizabeth C. Rockwell, “Assessment for the Masses: A Historical Critique of High-Stakes Testing in Reading,” Texas Journal of Literacy Education 3 no. 1 (2015): 38-49.
72. Paolo Lionni, The Leipzig Connection: The Systematic Destruction of American Education, Third Printing (Sheridan, OR: Delphian Press, 1988), 21-23.
73. United States, Congress, Office of Technology Assessment, Testing in American Schools: Asking the Right Questions (Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, February 1992),
Wayne Au, “Hiding Behind High-Stakes Testing: Meritocracy, Objectivity and Inequality in U.S. Education,” International Education Journal: Comparative Perspectives 12 no. 2 (2013): 7-19.
74. Joan Cook, “R. L. Thorndike, Psychologist, 79; Developed Scholastic-Ability Tests,” New York Times, September 25, 1990, https://www.nytimes.com/1990/09/25/obituaries/r-l-thorndike-psychologist-79-developed-scholastic-ability-tests.html
Jonathon Plucker, “R. L. Thorndike (1910-1990): Psychometrician,” Human Intelligence: Historical Influences, Current Controversies, Teaching Resources, April 29, 2018, https://www.intelltheory.com/rthorndike.shtml
Lorge-Thorndike Intelligence Tests, “Review of the software Lorge-Thorndike Intelligence Tests by Irving Lorge & Robert L. Thorndike,” Journal of Consulting Psychology, 22 no. 1 (1958): 82, http://psycnet.apa.org/record/2005-13609-001
Victor W. Doherty and George S. Ingebo, “The Development of a School Ability Measure Based on the Lorge-Thorndike Intelligence Test,” Yearbook of the National Council on Measurement in Education no. 19 (1962): 67-71.
William F. Anderson “Relation of Lorge-Thorndike Intelligence Test Scores of Public School Pupils to the Socio-Economic Status of Their Parents,” Journal of Experimental Education 31 no. 1 (1962): 73-76.
75. National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine, Mental Disorders and Disabilities among Low-Income Children (Washington, DC: National Academies Press, 2015), https://doi.org/10.17226/21780.
76. Ohio Department of Education, “Gifted Education: Gifted Screening and Identification,” accessed November 18, 2018, http://education.ohio.gov/Topics/Other-Resources/Gifted-Education/Gifted-Screening-and-Identification
77. Missouri Department of Elementary and Secondary Education, Gifted Education Program Guidelines, accessed November 18, 2018, https://dese.mo.gov/sites/default/files/qs-Gifted-Program-Guidelines-2017.pdf
78. Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, Gifted Education Guidelines (Pennsylvania Department of Education, May 2014), https://www.education.pa.gov/Documents/K-12/Gifted%20Education/Gifted%20Program%20Guidelines.pdf
79. Pearson, “Pearson 2011 Results,” News & Media: News Announcements, February 27, 2012, https://www.pearson.com/corporate/news/media/news-announcements/2012/02/pearson-2011-results.html
80. Valerie Strauss, “The Big Problems with Pearson’s New GED High School Equivalency Test,” Washington Post, July 9, 2015, https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/answer-sheet/wp/2015/07/09/the-big-problems-with-pearsons-new-ged-high-school-equivalency-test/?noredirect=on&utm_term=.bbe0c12d6878
81. Andrea Bergman, Grace Kong, and Alice Pope, “General Education Development (GED®) Credential Attainment, Externalizing Disorders, and Substance Use Disorders in Disconnected Emerging Adults,” Journal of Research and Practice for Adult Literacy, Secondary, and Basic Education 3 no. 2 (2014): 8-20.
83. Victor L. Hilts, “Obeying the Laws of Hereditary Descent: Phrenological Views on Inheritance and Eugenics,” Journal of the History of the Behavioral Sciences 18 (1982): 62-77.
84. Curators of the University of Missouri, “Controlling Heredity: The American Eugenics Crusade (1870-1940)—Origins of Eugenics,” Special Collections and Rare Books, March 16, 2012, https://library.missouri.edu/exhibits/eugenics/origins.htm
“Physiognomy and Economics: About Face—People’s Creditworthiness, It Seems, Can Be Seen in Their Looks,” The Economist, March 5, 2009, https://www.economist.com/science-and-technology/2009/03/05/about-face
85. J. Philippe Rushton and C. Davison Ankney, “Whole Brain Size and General Mental Ability: A Review,” International Journal of Neuroscience 119 no. 5 (2009): 691-731.
87. Emily Jashinski, “At Harvard, Charles Murray Proves the Value of Campus Lectures,” Washington Examiner, September 8, 2017, https://www.washingtonexaminer.com/at-harvard-charles-murray-proves-the-value-of-campus-lectures
“NATO Chief, Former US Intelligence Director Among Bilderberg Elite,” RT,
Steve Sailer, “What Does It Mean That Bilderberg Hasn't Brought Macron Back?,” Unz Review: An Alternative Media Selection, April 26, 2017, http://www.unz.com/isteve/what-does-it-mean-that-bilderberg-hasnt-brought-macron-back/
88. “Prince Bernhard: German-Born Consort to Holland's Queen Whose Life Embraced Triumph - and Scandal,” The Guardian, December 2, 2004, https://www.theguardian.com/news/2004/dec/03/guardianobituaries.monarchy
Daniel Estulin, The True Story of The Bilderberg Group (Walterville, OR: Trine Day, 2007), 1, 19-20.
89. Richard J. Herrnstein and Charles Murray, The Bell Curve: Intelligence and Class Structure in American Life (New York: Simon and Schuster, 1994), 272-280.
90. Charles Murray, interview by Sam Harris, “#73 – Forbidden Knowledge: A Conversation with Charles Murray,” Sam Harris Podcast, April 22, 2017, https://samharris.org/podcasts/forbidden-knowledge/
Ezra Klein, “The Sam Harris Debate: Ezra and Sam Harris Debate Race, IQ, Identity Politics, and Much More,” Vox, April 9, 2018, https://www.vox.com/2018/4/9/17210248/sam-harris-ezra-klein-charles-murray-transcript-podcast
Graeme Wood, “The Atheist Who Strangled Me: In Which Sam Harris Teaches Me Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu and Explains Why Violence Is Like Rebirth,” The Atlantic, May 2013, https://www.theatlantic.com/magazine/archive/2013/05/the-atheist-who-strangled-me/309292/