School World Order Endnotes (Citations/References)

Updated: Jul 8, 2020

Chapter 15

Endnotes – Chapter Fifteen


1. Ezra Klein, “Sam Harris, Charles Murray, and the Allure of Race Science: This Is Not ‘For-

bidden Knowledge.’ It Is America’s Most Ancient Justification for Bigotry and Racial Inequality,” Vox, March 27, 2018, https://www.vox.com/policy-and-politics/2018/3/27/15695060/sam-harris-charles-murray-race-iq-forbidden-knowledge-podcast-bell-curve


2. Cold Spring Harbor, “Eugenics Tree Logo,” DNA Learning Center: Preparing Students

and Families to Thrive in the Gene Age, accessed November 23, 2018, https://www.dnalc.org/view/10229-Eugenics-tree-logo.html


Raymond Pearl, “The First International Eugenics Congress,” Science 36 no. 926 (1912): 395-396.


3. Cold Spring Harbor, “Eugenics Tree Logo,” DNA Learning Center: Preparing Students

and Families to Thrive in the Gene Age, accessed November 23, 2018, https://www.dnalc.org/view/10229-Eugenics-tree-logo.html


4. Ibid.

5. Ibid.

6. Ibid.


7. B. F. Skinner, The Technology of Teaching (New York: Appleton-Century-Crofts, 1968), 75.


8. Ibid, 241.

9. Ibid, 243.


10. Global Education Futures, “Global Education 2015-2035,” Global Education Futures Initiative, accessed November 23, 2018, https://www.edu2035.org/images/people/Future%20of%20Global%20Education%20Map%20(2014)-ilovepdf-compressed.pdf


11. Miao Zhang, Yixue Quan, Liqin Huang, and Yi-Lung Kuo, “The Impact of Learning Styles

on Academic Achievement,” International Journal of Intelligent Technologies & Applied Statistics 10 no. 3 (2017): 180-181.


12. Krisztián Józsa and Karen Caplovitz Barrett, “Affective and Social Mastery Motivation in

Preschool as Predictors of Early School Success: A Longitudinal Study,” Early Childhood Research Quarterly 45 no. 4 (2018): 81.


13. Ibid.


14. Luke Dormehl, “AI Educational Software Knows When Students Are Bored, Can Adjust Lessons Accordingly,” Digital Trends, December 13, 2016, https://www.digitaltrends.com/cool-tech/emotion-sniffing-learning-apps/


15. Antonio DePace, “Your Children Could Learn to Control Their Emotions with a Video

Game,” Boston Magazine, April 18, 2017, https://www.bostonmagazine.com/health/2017/04/18/rage-control-study/


16. Oswego High School, “Final Report for Teacher and Student Learning at OHS with Sha-

ron Kane,” Project SMART Topics in Education: Social Emotional Learning in High Needs School, accessed November 23, 2018, https://www.oswego.edu/project-smart/sites/www.oswego.edu.project-smart/files/2016-2017_tfr_-_ohs_combined.pdf


17. G. Shivakumar and P. A. Vijaya, “Analysis of Human Emotions Using Galvanic Skin Re-

sponse and Finger Tip Temperature,” International Journal of Synthetic Emotions 2 no. 1 (2012): 792-803.


18. Valerie Strauss, “$1.1 Million-Plus Gates Grants: ‘Galvanic’ Bracelets That Measure Student Engagement,” Washington Post, July 11, 2012, https://www.washingtonpost.com/blogs/answer-sheet/post/11-million-plus-gates-grants-galvanic-bracelets-that-measure-student-engagement/2012/06/10/gJQAgAUbTV_blog.html


19. Bill Cope and Mary Kalantzis, “Sources of Evidence-of-Learning: Learning and Assess-

ment in the Era of Big Data,” Open Review of Educational Research 2 no. 1 (2015): 194-217.


20. Ibid.


21. Alex Newman, “DeVos Signs on to Globalist UN Education Agenda for U.S.,” Freedom Project Media: The Newman Report, September 10, 2018, https://freedomproject.com/the-newman-report/810-devos-signs-on-to-globalist-un-education-agenda-for-u-s


22. G20, “G20 Education Ministers’ Declaration 2018: Building Consensus for Fair and Sus-

tainable Development. Unleashing People’s Potential,” G20 Argentina 2018 (2018), https://www.g20.org/sites/default/files/media/g20_education_ministers_declaration_english.pdf


23. United States, Department of Education, “Prepared Remarks by Secretary DeVos at

Meeting of G20 Education Ministers,” Press Office, September 5, 2018, https://www.ed.gov/news/speeches/prepared-remarks-secretary-devos-meeting-g20-education-ministers


24. Collaborative for Academic, Social, and Emotional Learning, “What Is SEL? Core SEL

Competencies,” CASEL: Educating Hearts, Inspiring Minds, accessed November 23, 2018, https://casel.org/core-competencies/


25. Ibid, “About CASEL,” accessed November 23, 2018, https://casel.org/about-2/


26. Ibid, “About: Funders and Growth Partners,” accessed November 23, 2018, https://casel.org/funders/


27. Stephen Elliott, Michael D. Davies, Jennifer R. Frey, Frank Gresham, Greta Cooper, “Development and Initial Validation of a Social Emotional Learning Assessment for Universal Screening,” Journal of Applied Developmental Psychology 55 (2018): 39.


28. Ibid.


29. Collaborative for Academic, Social, and Emotional Learning, “Social Skills Improvement

System (SSIS): Elementary SELect Program—Program Design and Implementation Support,” accessed November 23, 2018, https://casel.org/guideprogramssocial-skills/


30. Pearson Education Inc., “PreK-16 Education and Special Needs: About Pearson’s Clinical Assessment Group,” accessed November 23, 2018, https://www.pearsonclinical.com/education/about.html


31. Frank Gresham and Stephen N. Elliott, “PreK-16 Education and Special Needs: Social

Skills Improvement System (SSIS) Rating Scales,” Pearson Education Inc., accessed November 23, 2018, https://www.pearsonclinical.com/education/products/100000322/social-skills-improvement-system-ssis-rating-scales.html#tab-scoring


32. Ibid, “PreK-16 Education and Special Needs: SSISTM Social-Emotional Learning Edition

(SSIS SEL),” Pearson Education Inc., accessed November 23, 2018, https://www.pearsonclinical.com/education/products/100001940/ssis-social-emotional-learning-edition.html


33. Karen R. Effrem, “Government Preschool Tyranny – “You Ain’t Seen Nothing Yet!,” Education Liberty Watch, February 24, 2012, http://edlibertywatch.org/2012/02/government-preschool-tyranny-you-aint-seen-nothing-yet/


34. Jane Robbins and Karen Effrem, “Schools Ditch Academics For Emotional Manipulation:

Under Such a System Teachers Become Essentially Therapists, and Students Become Essentially Patients,” The Federalist, October 19, 2016, http://thefederalist.com/2016/10/19/schools-ditch-academics-for-emotional-manipulation/


35. John Rosales, “How ESSA Helps Advance Social and Emotional Learning,” NEA Today,

June 30, 2017, http://neatoday.org/2017/06/30/essa-sel/


36. Ibid.


37. Sean Grant, Laura S. Hamilton, Stephani L. Wrabel, Celia J. Gomez, Anamarie A. Whitaker, Jennifer T. Leschitz, Fatih Unlu, Emilio R. Chavez-Herrerias, Garrett Baker, Mark Barrett, Mark Harris, and Alyssa Ramos, “How the Every Student Succeeds Act Can Support Social and Emotional Learning,” RAND Corporation Research Brief (2017), https://www.rand.org/pubs/research_briefs/RB9988.html


38. Ibid.


39. United States, Department of Education, “Applications for New Award: Center to Im-

prove Social and Emotional Learning and School Safety-Cooperative Agreement,” March 16,

2018, https://www.ed.gov/content/applications-new-award-center-improve-social-and-emotional-learning-and-school-safety-cooperative-agreement


40. National Conference of State Legislatures, “Research: Social and Emotional Learning,”

NCSL, April 12, 2018, http://www.ncsl.org/research/education/social-emotional-learning.aspx


41. Jonathan E. Martin, “We Should Measure Students’ Noncognitive Skills,” Education

Week, July 27, 2016, https://www.edweek.org/ew/articles/2016/07/27/we-should-measure-students-noncognitive-skills.html


42. Collaborative for Academic, Social, and Emotional Learning, “Collaborating States Initiative,” accessed November 23, 2018, https://casel.org/collaborative-state-initiative/


Evie Blad, “CORE Districts to Share Social-Emotional Measures to Inform Accountability

Plans,” Education Week, December 10, 2015, http://blogs.edweek.org/edweek/rulesforengagement/2015/12/core_districts__social-emotional_measures_to_inform_accountability_essa.html


43. Linda Dusenbury, Caitlin Dermody, and Roger P. Weissberg, “2018 State Scorecard Scan More States Are Supporting Social and Emotional Learning,” Collaborative for Academic, Social, and Emotional Learning, February 2018, https://casel.org/wp-content/uploads/2018/02/2018-State-Scan-FINAL.pdf


44. Minnesota Department of Education, “Districts Schools and Educators: SEL Implementation Guidance,” accessed November 23, 2018, https://education.mn.gov/MDE/dse/safe/clim/social/imp/


45. Rhode Island Department of Education, “Health & Safety—Social & Emotional Learning

(SEL): Social and Emotional Learning ‘Is a Process for Helping Children and Adults Develop the Fundamental Skills for Success in Life,’” accessed November 23, 2018, http://www.ride.ri.gov/Students-Families/HealthSafety/SocialEmotionalLearning.aspx


46. Rhode Island Council for Elementary and Secondary Education, “RI Social Emotional

Learning Standards: Competencies for School and Life Success,” Rhode Island Department of Education, October 24, 2017, http://www.ride.ri.gov/Portals/0/Uploads/Documents/Students-and-Families-Great-Schools/Health-Safety/Social-Emotional-Learning/1-RI%20SEL%20Standards%2010.24.17.Eng.Spanish.pdf


47. Collaborative for Academic, Social, and Emotional Learning, “About: CSI Standards Advisory Committee,” accessed November 23, 2018, https://casel.org/csi-standards-advisory-committee/


48. Ibid.


49. United States Representative Tim Ryan (Representing Ohio’s 13th District): “Congress-

man Tim Ryan Introduces Social and Emotional Learning for Families (SELF) Act,” Media: Press Releases, June 14, 2018, https://timryan.house.gov/media/press-releases/congressman-tim-ryan-in-troduces-social-and-emotional-learning-families-self-act


50. Patrick C. Kyllonen, “Soft Skills for the Workplace,” Change: The Magazine of Higher

Learning 45 no. 6 (2013): 16-23.


51. Bobby Naemi, Jacob Seybert, Steven Robbins, and Patrick Kyllonen, “Examining the

WorkFORCETM Assessment for Job Fit and Core Capabilities of FACETSTM,” ETS Research Report Series 2 (2014): 1-43.


Educational Testing Services, “Assessment Methods,” ETS (2012), accessed https://www.ets.org/s/workforce_readiness/pdf/21333_big_5.pdf


52. Jonathan E. Martin, “We Should Measure Students’ Noncognitive Skills,” Education

Week, July 27, 2016, https://www.edweek.org/ew/articles/2016/07/27/we-should-measure-students-noncognitive-skills.html


53. Affectiva, “More: Emotion AI - Humanizing Technology through the Merger of IQ & EQ Is

Inevitable,” accessed November 23, 2018, https://www.affectiva.com/what/uses/more/


54. Morna McDermott McNulty, “Beware the ‘Learning Engineers,’” Wrench in the Gears:

A Skeptical Parent’s Thoughts on Digital Curriculum, March 5, 2018, https://wrenchinthegears.com/2018/05/05/beware-the-learning-engineers/


55. Global Education Futures, “Global Education 2015-2035,” Global Education Futures Initiative, accessed November 23, 2018, https://www.edu2035.org/images/people/Future%20of%20Global%20Education%20Map%20(2014)-ilovepdf-compressed.pdf


56. Sean Grant, Laura S. Hamilton, Stephani L. Wrabel, Celia J. Gomez, Anamarie A. Whitaker, Jennifer T. Leschitz, Fatih Unlu, Emilio R. Chavez-Herrerias, Garrett Baker, Mark Barrett, Mark Harris, and Alyssa Ramos, “How the Every Student Succeeds Act Can Support Social and Emotional Learning,” RAND Corporation Research Brief (2017), https://www.rand.org/pubs/research_briefs/RB9988.html


57. Spencer Foundation, “Conceptualizing and Studying Social Emotional Learning (SEL)

Practices in Schools: Implications for Adolescent Ethnic-Racial Identity Development (Principal Investigator: Deborah Rivas-Drake, University of Michigan, Education and Psychology)” Grant Library, 2016, https://www.spencer.org/conceptualizing-and-studying-social-emotional-learning-sel-practices-schools-implications-adolescent


58. Rosemarie O’Conner, Jessica De Feyter, Alyssa Carr, Jia Lisa Luo, and Helen Romm, “A

Review of the Literature on Social and Emotional Learning for Students Ages 3–8: Outcomes for Different Student Populations and Settings (Part 4 of 4),” National Center for Education Evaluation and Regional Assistance (Institute of Education Sciences of the US Department of Education, 2017), https://files.eric.ed.gov/fulltext/ED572724.pdf


59. Aspen Institute, “Pursuing Social and Emotional Development through a Racial Equity

Lens: 5 Strategies for System Leaders to Take Action,” Aspen Institute Education and Society Program, July 2018, https://assets.aspeninstitute.org/content/uploads/2018/07/Taking-Action-on-the-Call-to-Action-FINAL.pdf


60. Rosemarie O’Conner, Jessica De Feyter, Alyssa Carr, Jia Lisa Luo, and Helen Romm, “A

Review of the Literature on Social and Emotional Learning for Students Ages 3–8: Outcomes for Different Student Populations and Settings (Part 4 of 4),” National Center for Education Evaluation and Regional Assistance (Institute of Education Sciences of the US Department of Education, 2017), https://files.eric.ed.gov/fulltext/ED572724.pdf


61. Joseph E. Zins and Maurice J. Elias, “Social and Emotional Learning: Promoting the Development of All Students,” Journal of Educational and Psychological Consultation 17 (2-3): 233-255.


62. L. Edward Day, Michelle Miller-Day, Michael L. Hecht, Desiree Fehmie, “Coming to the

New D.A.R.E.: A Preliminary Test of the Officer-Taught Elementary Keepin’ It REAL Curriculum,” Addictive Behaviors 74 (2017): 67-73.


63. Ibid.


64. Lee Ellis, “Race/Ethnicity and Criminal Behavior: Neurohormonal Influences,” Journal of

Criminal Justice 51 (2017): 34.


65. Ibid.

66. Ibid.


67. Ashley May, “Took an Ancestry DNA Test? You Might Be a ‘Genetic Informant’ Unleashing Secrets about Your Relatives,” USA Today, April 27, 2018, https://www.usatoday.com/story/tech/nation-now/2018/04/27/ancestry-genealogy-dna-test-privacy-golden-state-killer/557263002/


GEDmatch Inc., “Tools for DNA and Genealogy Research: Login,” accessed November 24, 2018, https://www.gedmatch.com/login1.php


Matthias Gafni and Lisa M. Krieger, “Here’s the ‘Open-Source’ Genealogy DNA Website That

Helped Crack the Golden State Killer Case,” Mercury News, April 26, 2018, https://www.mercurynews.com/2018/04/26/ancestry-23andme-deny-assisting-law-enforcement-in-east-area-rapist-case/


68. Neil Davie, “The Role of Medico-legal Expertise in the Emergence of Criminology in Brit-

ain (1870-1918),” Histoire de la Criminologie 3 (2010), https://journals.openedition.org/criminocorpus/316


69. Philip K. Dick, The Minority Report and Other Classic Stories by Philip K. Dick (London:

Victor Gollancz, 1988).


70. Neil Davie, “The Role of Medico-legal Expertise in the Emergence of Criminology in Britain (1870-1918),” Histoire de la Criminologie 3 (2010), ttps://journals.openedition.org/criminocorpus/316


71. Cera R. Lawrence, “Francis Galton (1822-1911),” The Embryo Project Encyclopedia at Arizona State University April 6, 2011, https://embryo.asu.edu/pages/francis-galton-1822-1911


72. Neil Davie, “The Role of Medico-legal Expertise in the Emergence of Criminology in Britain (1870-1918),” Histoire de la Criminologie 3 (2010), https://journals.openedition.org/criminocorpus/316


73. Seán McConville, English Local Prisons, 1860-1900: Next Only to Death (London: Routledge, 1995).


United Kingdom, Parliament, “Historic Hansard: Salary and Emoluments of Sir Edmund Du Cane,” House of Commons Debate 2 c160 (March 7, 1892), https://api.parliament.uk/historic-hansard/commons/1892/mar/07/salary-and-emoluments-of-sir-edmund-du


74. Arthur MacDonald, “Man and Abnormal Man, Including a Study of Children in Connection with Bills to Establish Laboratories under Federal and State Governments for the Study of the Criminal, Pauper, and Defective Classes, with Bibliographies,” Senate Document 187: 58th Congress, 3rd Session (Washington, DC: Government Publishing Office, 1905).


Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory, “Criminality,” DNA Learning Center: Eugenics Archives, accessed November 24, 2018, http://www.eugenicsarchive.org/html/eugenics/static/themes/12.html


Philip Jenkins, “Eugenics, Crime, and Ideology: The Case of Progressive Pennsylvania,” Pennsylvania History: A Journal of Mid-Atlantic Studies 51 no. 1 (1984): 64-78.


Teryn Bouche and Laura Rivard, “America’s Hidden History: The Eugenics Movement,” Nature, September 18, 2014, https://www.nature.com/scitable/forums/genetics-generation/america-s-hidden-history-the-eugenics-movement-123919444


75. Sydney Lee, Dictionary of National Biography: Second Supplement (Volume 1) (New

York: MacMillan, 1912).


76. University of Pennsylvania, Center for Health Incentives and Behavioral Economics at

the Leonard Davis Institute, “Angela L. Duckworth, PhD, MA, MsC: Christopher H. Browne Distinguished Professor of Psychology, University of Pennsylvania Founder and CEO, Character Lab,” accessed November 24, 2018, https://chibe.upenn.edu/faculty-members/angela-l-duckworth-phd-ma-msc/


77. Angela Lee Duckworth, “True Grit: Can Perseverance be Taught?,” TEDx Talks, November 12, 2009, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=qaeFnxSfSC4


78. Ibid.


Ibid, “Grit: The Power of Passion and Perseverance,” TED Talks, May 9, 2013, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=H14bBuluwB8


79. Ibid, “True Grit: Can Perseverance be Taught?,” TEDx Talks, November 12, 2009, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=qaeFnxSfSC4


80. Ibid, “Grit: The Power of Passion and Perseverance,” TED Talks, May 9, 2013, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=H14bBuluwB8


81. Trustees of the University of Pennsylvania, “Initiatives: Grit and Self-Control,” Authentic

Happiness: University of Pennsylvania Positive Psychology Center, accessed November 24, 2018, https://www.authentichappiness.sas.upenn.edu/es/learn/grit


82. Ibid, “Positive Psychology Theory Initiatives,” Authentic Happiness: University of Pennsylvania Positive Psychology Center, accessed November 24, 2018, https://www.authentichappiness.sas.upenn.edu/es/learn


83. Morna McDermott, Peggy Robertson, and Rosemarie Jensen, “Grit, Human Capital, and

Data Mining: What’s Next for Children?,” Stop Corporate Surveillance in Schools: News, June 4, 2018, http://classroomsnotcomputers.org/2018/06/04/grit-human-capital-and-data-mining-whats-next-for-children/


84. John Templeton Foundation, “About: Accelerating Discovery, Inspiring Curiosity,” accessed November 24, 2018, https://www.templeton.org/about/vision-mission-impact


85. Ibid, “Funding Areas,” accessed November 24, 2018, https://www.templeton.org/funding-areas


86. Ibid, “A Chance to Equality in Health: Is People’s Health Determined by Ancestral Environmental Exposures? (September 2017 - August 2020),” Our Grants, https://www.templeton.org/grant/a-chance-to-equality-in-health-is-peoples-health-determined-by-ancestral-environmental-exposures


Ibid, “Imprinting in Human Placentas: The Intergenerational Transmission of Health (September 2014 - August 2017),” Our Grants, https://www.templeton.org/grant/imprinting-in-human-placentas-the-intergenerational-transmission-of-health


87. Jennifer Latson, “What Margaret Sanger Really Said About Eugenics and Race,” Time, October 14, 2016, http://time.com/4081760/margaret-sanger-history-eugenics/


Margaret Sanger, “Editorial,” Birth Control Review, June 1925, https://www.nyu.edu/projects/

sanger/webedition/app/documents/show.php?sangerDoc=226796.xml


88. New York University, “About Sanger: Birth Control Organizations—American Birth Control League,” Margaret Sanger Papers Project, accessed November 24, 2018, https://www.nyu.edu/projects/sanger/aboutms/organization_abcl.php


Planned Parenthood Federation of America, “About Us: Who We Are—Our History,” accessed November 24, 2018, https://www.plannedparenthood.org/about-us/who-we-are/our-history


89. New York University, “Birth Control or Race Control? Sanger and the Negro Project,” Margaret Sanger Papers Project Newsletter 28 (2001), https://www.nyu.edu/projects/sanger/articles/bc_or_race_control.php


90. Harriet A. Washington, Medical Apartheid: The Dark History of Medical Experimentation

on Black Americans from Colonial Times to the Present (New York: Anchor, 2006), 197.


91. Zoe Williams, “Marie Stopes: a Turbo-Darwinist Ranter, but Right about Birth Control,”

The Guardian: US Edition, September 2, 2011, https://www.theguardian.com/theguardian/2011/sep/02/marie-stopes-right-birth-control


92. Jane Carey, “The Racial Imperatives of Sex: Birth Control and Eugenics in Britain, the

United States and Australia in the Interwar Years,” Women’s History Review 21 (2012): 733-752.


93. Edwin Black, War Against the Weak: Eugenics and America’s Campaign to Create a Master Race (New York: Four Walls Eight Windows, 2003), 411-426.


94. Lex Borghans, Angela Lee Duckworth, James H. Heckman, Bas ter Weel, “The Economics and Psychology of Personality Traits: Working Paper 13810,” National Bureau of Economic Research Working Paper Series (NBER, February 2008).


95. Ibid, 2, 5, 6, 10, 12-14, 22, 24-25, 28-31, 35-36, 38, 43-46, 51-55, 57-59, 61, 72, 74, 78, 81, 84-85, 88, 90, 92, 96-97, 99, 102, 109, 123, 126, 130, 133-134, 137-141, 146, 153, 156, 158.


96. Ibid, i.

97. Ibid, 52.

98. Ibid, 52-53.

99. Ibid, 18.

100. Ibid, 58.


101. Nobel Media, “Nobel Prizes and Laureates in Economic Sciences: The Sveriges Riksbank Prize in Economic Sciences in Memory of Alfred Nobel 2000—James J. Heckman (Prize Presentation),” The Nobel Prize, accessed November 24, 2018, https://www.nobelprize.org/prizes/economic-sciences/2000/heckman/prize-presentation/


102. University of Chicago, “The Research Network on the Determinants of Life Course Capabilities And Outcomes: Bringing Together Scholars in Economics, Genetics, Psychology, Sociology, and Statistics to Produce New Knowledge about the Determinants, Development, and Measurement of Capabilities Across the Life Cycle, as Well as Life Course Inequalities,” Center for the Economics of Human Development, accessed November 24, 2018, https://cehd.uchicago.edu/?page_id=265


103. Lex Borghans, Angela Lee Duckworth, James H. Heckman, Bas ter Weel, “The Economics and Psychology of Personality Traits: Working Paper 13810,” National Bureau of Economic Research Working Paper Series (NBER, February 2008), 75.


104. Morna McDermott, Peggy Robertson, and Rosemarie Jensen, “Grit, Human Capital, and Data Mining: What’s Next for Children?,” Stop Corporate Surveillance in Schools: News, June 4, 2018,


105. Lauren Anderson, “Grit, Galton, and Eugenics,” Education Week, March 21, 2014, http://blogs.edweek.org/teachers/living-in-dialogue/2014/03/lauren_anderson_grit.html


106. Jane Robbins and Karen Effrem, “Schools Ditch Academics For Emotional Manipulation: Under Such a System Teachers Become Essentially Therapists, and Students Become Essentially Patients,” The Federalist, October 19, 2016, http://thefederalist.com/2016/10/19/schools-ditch-academics-for-emotional-manipulation/


107. Charles Rollett, “The Odd Reality of Life under China’s All-Seeing Credit Score System,” Wired Magazine, June 5 2018, https://www.wired.co.uk/article/china-social-credit


108. Ibid.


109. Gabrielle Bruney, “A ‘Black Mirror’ Episode Is Coming to Life in China: